Micah 2 13

Micah 2 13 DEFAULT

Micah

“The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.”

King James Version (KJV)

The breaker is come vp before them: they haue broken vp and haue passed through the gate, and are gone out by it, and their king shal passe before them, & the Lord on the head of them.
- King James Version () - View Bible Scan

"The breaker goes up before them; They break out, pass through the gate and go out by it. So their king goes on before them, And the LORD at their head."
- New American Standard Version ()

The breaker is gone up before them: they have broken forth and passed on to the gate, and are gone out thereat; and their king is passed on before them, and Jehovah at the head of them.
- American Standard Version ()

The opener of the way will go up before them: forcing their way out they will go on to the doorway and out through it: their king will go on before them, and the Lord at their head.
- Basic English Bible

One that breaketh through is gone up before them: they have broken forth, and have passed on to the gate, and are gone out by it; and their king passeth on before them, and Jehovah at the head of them.
- Darby Bible

The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and have gone out by it; and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.
- Webster's Bible

He who breaks open the way goes up before them. They break through the gate, and go out. And their king passes on before them, with Yahweh at their head.
- World English Bible

Gone up hath the breaker before them, They have broken through, Yea, they pass through the gate, Yea, they go out through it, And pass on doth their king before them, And Jehovah at their head!
- Youngs Literal Bible

The breaker is gone up before them; they have broken forth and passed on, by the gate, and are gone out thereat; and their king is passed on before them, and the LORD at the head of them.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible



Sours: https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Micah/

Micah

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13The one who breaks open will come up before them;

They will break out,

Pass through the gate,

And go out by it;

lTheir king will pass before them,

mWith the Lord at their head.”

Read more Share



Micah — The New International Version (NIV)

13 The One who breaks open the way will go up before them;

they will break through the gate and go out.

Their King will pass through before them,

the Lord at their head.”

Micah — English Standard Version (ESV)

13 He who opens the breach goes up before them;

they break through and pass the gate,

going out by it.

Their king passes on before them,

the Lord at their head.

Micah — King James Version (KJV )

13 The breaker is come up before them:

They have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it:

And their king shall pass before them,

And the Lord on the head of them.

Micah — New Living Translation (NLT)

13 Your leader will break out

and lead you out of exile,

out through the gates of the enemy cities,

back to your own land.

Your king will lead you;

the Lord himself will guide you.”

Micah — New Century Version (NCV)

13 Someone will open the way and lead the people out.

The people will break through the gate and leave the city where they were held captive.

Their king will go out in front of them,

and the Lord will lead them.”

Micah — American Standard Version (ASV )

13 The breaker is gone up before them: they have broken forth and passed on to the gate, and are gone out thereat; and their king is passed on before them, and Jehovah at the head of them.

Micah — Darby Bible (DARBY)

13 One that breaketh through is gone up before them: they have broken forth, and have passed on to the gate, and are gone out by it; and their king passeth on before them, and Jehovah at the head of them.

Micah — GOD’S WORD Translation (GW)

13 ⌊The Lord⌋ will open the way and lead them.

They will break out, go through the gate, and leave.

Their king will travel in front of them.

The Lord will lead the people.

Micah — The Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

13 One who breaks open the way

will advance before them;

they will break out, pass through the gate,

and leave by it.

Their King will pass through before them,

the Lord as their leader.

Micah — The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

13 The one who breaks out will go up before them;

they will break through and pass the gate,

going out by it.

Their king will pass on before them,

the Lord at their head.

Micah — The Lexham English Bible (LEB)

13 The one who breaks out before them goes up;

they break through and pass the gate,

going out through it.

Their king passes before them,

Yahweh at their head.

Micah — New International Reader’s Version (NIrV)

13 I will open the way for you to return.

I will march in front of you.

You will break through the city gates and go free.

I am your King. I will pass through the gates

in front of you.

I will lead the way.”

Micah — New American Standard Bible: Update (NASB95)

13 “The breakergoes up before them;

They break out, passthrough the gate and go out by it.

So their kinggoes on before them,

And the Lord at their head.”


A service of Faithlife / Logos Bible Software

Sours: https://biblia.com/bible/nkjv/micah/2/13
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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

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Micah 2

"The breaker goes up before them; They break out, pass through the gate and go out by it. So their king goes on before them, And the Lord at their head."
New American Standard Version

Jump to: Adam Clarke CommentaryBridgeway Bible CommentaryCoffman Commentaries on the BibleAlbert Barnes' Notes on the Whole BibleCalvin's Commentary on the BibleChuck Smith Bible CommentaryExpository Notes of Dr. Thomas ConstableExpository Notes of Dr. Thomas ConstableJohn Gill's Exposition of the Whole BibleMatthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

Adam Clarke Commentary

Verse Micah The breaker is come up — He who is to give them deliverance, and lead them out on the way of their return. He who takes down the hurdles, or makes a gap in the wall or hedge, to permit them to pass through. This may apply to those human agents that shall permit and order their return. And Jehovah being at their head, may refer to their final restoration, when the Lord Jesus shall become their leader, they having returned unto him as the shepherd and bishop of their souls; and they and the Gentiles forming one fold under one shepherd, to go no more out into captivity for ever. Lord, hasten the time!

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Micah ". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/micahhtml.

Bridgeway Bible Commentary


Those who oppress the poor ()

To an Israelite, a person&#;s land was his most prized possession. It was not only his means of income, but also part of the family heritage handed down from generation to generation. But the greedy money-enders cared nothing for that. Micah pictures them lying awake at night working out schemes to seize the farmer&#;s land and, if possible, take the farmer and his family as slaves. They have money and power, and therefore they can do as they wish without thought for the rights of others (; cf. 1 Kings ).

God announces that he will punish them by treating them as they treat others. They will be oppressed, their land will be seized and divided up (by the invading armies), and they will be taken away as captives ().

Some of the hearers object that Micah should not preach like this (6). Micah and the people alike should know that a God of patience will not hastily punish his people and will, in fact, reward those who do good to others (7). The trouble is, says Micah, that the people are not doing good to others. They take the property of those who have done them no wrong, and drive honest women and children from their homes (). They, in turn, will be driven out of their homes. God gave them the land of Canaan as a place of rest, but they have made it unclean. Therefore, they must be removed from it (10).

The people do not want to hear moral teaching from God&#;s prophet. They would rather hear from the false prophets who, being greedy and dishonest like themselves, talk only of the pleasures of life (11).
Although the nation will go into captivity, there will always be a minority in the nation who remain faithful to God. God will bring them back to their land. In Babylon they will be like a flock of sheep locked up in a foreign fold, but their shepherd, God, will break the wall of the fold and lead them out. He will take them into a new fold in their own land ().

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliographical Information
Flemming, Donald C. "Commentary on Micah ". "Brideway Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bbc/micahhtml.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"The breaker is gone up before them: they have broken forth and passed on to the gate, and are gone out thereat; and their king is passed on before them, and Jehovah at the head of them."

There are two possible meanings here. As Hailey indicated, one of the interpretations is that, "The Messiah is the breaker who breaks down the wall of sin that separated them from the Lord and made them bondsmen." That meaning is surely in line with what Pusey and practically all of the older interpreters thought to be correct. "This promise therefore is an encouraging revelation from God, rather than the vain optimism of some unnamed false prophet." Clark and others have supposed that, "This prophecy, as regarding the northern kingdom has never been fulfilled"; but this impression is due to a failure to recognize the prophecy as foretelling the kingdom of Christ, in which all the prophecies for both the old fleshy kingdoms (the whole house of Israel), as well as for the hopes of the Gentiles, were all gloriously fulfilled in a single event, that of the coming of Christ to lead men out of the captivity of darkness and sin. "The fulfillment of this prophecy commenced with the gathering together of Israel to its God and King by the preaching of the gospel." Keil went onward to postulate something yet future from the times of Messiah regarding the fleshly Israel; but the prohibition of such interpretations is inherent in the truth that in the present dispensation, "There is no distinction between them (Jews) and us (Gentiles) (Romans ). Therefore, we do not hesitate to declare that the total fulfillment of the glorious promise here must be found in the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ, which we identify, unequivocally with the church which he redeemed and purchased with his own blood.

Without, in any sense, rejecting or compromising the view expressed thus far under Micah , we believe there is something else in it.

"The breaker " This would appear to be another instance of a word-play so consistently prevalent throughout Micah. The term "breaker" was applied by a number of historians to Assyria, having reference to the extraordinarily cruel and inhuman treatment of the peoples they conquered, "enemies being impaled, flayed, or beheaded in great numbers." Contrasted with that "breaker," Micah promised that the great "Breaker" of mankind's darkness and sin would appear in the achievement of human redemption. If this discernment is correct, it still further ties the passage to all that Micah had just written, and makes it virtually impossible accurately to understand the passage as any kind of insertion into Micah's prophecy.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Micah ". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/micahhtml. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The Breaker is come up - (gone up) before them; they have broken up (Broken through) and have passed the gate, and have gone forth The image is not of conquest, but of deliverance. They &#;break through,&#; not to enter in but to &#;pass through the gate and go forth.&#; The wall of the city is ordinarily broken through, in order to make an entrance Psalms ; Psalms ; Isaiah ; Nehemiah , or to secure to a conqueror the power of entering in Proverbs ; 2 Kings ; 2 Chronicles ; 2 Chronicles at any time, or by age and decay 2 Chronicles But here the object is expressed, to go forth. Plainly then, they were confined before, as in a prison; and the gate of the prison was burst open, to set them free. It is then the same image as when God says by Isaiah; &#;I will say to the North, give up; and to the South, Hold not back&#; Isaiah , or, &#;Go ye forth of Babylon, Say ye, the Lord hath redeemed His servant Jacob&#; Isaiah ; or, with the same reminiscence of God&#;s visible leading of His people out of Egypt &#;Depart ye, depart ye; for ye shall not go out with haste, nor yet by flight, for the Lord God shall go before you, and the God of Israel will be your reward;&#; or as Hosea describes their restoration (Hosea , (Hosea , Hebrew)); &#;Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together and appoint themselves one Head, and they shall go up out of the land&#;. Elsewhere, in Isaiah, the spiritual meaning of the deliverance from the prison is more distinctly brought out, as the work of our Redeemer. &#;I will give Thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles, to open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, them that sit in darkness out of the prison-house&#; Isaiah ; and, &#;the Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me, because the Lord hath anointed Me to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound&#; Isaiah

From this passage, the &#;Breaker-through&#; was one of the titles of the Christ, known to the Jews , as One who should be &#;from below and from above&#; also; and from it they believed that &#;captives should come up from Gehenna, and the Sheehinah,&#; or the Presence of God, &#;at their head.&#; : &#;He then, who shall break the way, the King and Lord who shall go up before them, shall be the Good Shepherd, who puts them together in the fold. And this He doth when, as He saith, &#;He putieth forth His own sheep, and He goeth before them, and the sheep follow Him, for they know His Voice&#; John How doth He go befree them but by suffering for them, leaving them an example of suffering, and opening the entrance of Paradise? The Good Shepherd goeth up to time Cross John ; John , and is lifted up from the earth, laying down His Life for His sheep, to draw all men unto Him. He goeth up, trampling on death by His resurrection; He goeth up above the heaven of heavens, and sitteth on the Right Hand of the Father, opening the way before them, so that the flock, in their lowliness, may arrive where the Shepherd went before in His Majesty. And when He thus breaketh through and openeth the road, they also &#;break through and pass through the gate and go out by it,&#; by that Gate, namely, whereof the Psalmist saith, &#;This is the Gate of the Lord; the righteous shall enter into It&#; Psalms

What other is this Gate than that same Passion of Christ, beside which there is no gate, no way whereby any can enter into life? Through that open portal, which the lance of the soldier made in His Side when crucified, and &#;there came thereout Blood and Water, they shall pass and go through,&#; even as the children of Israel passed through the Red Sea, which divided before them, when Pharaoh, his chariots and horsemen, were drowned.&#;&#; Dionysius: &#;He will be in their hearts, and will teach and lead them; He will shew them the way of Salvation, &#;guiding their feet into the way of peace&#; Luke , and they shall pass through the strait and narrow gate which leadeth unto life; of which it is written, &#;Enter ye in at the strait gate; because strait is the gate and narrow is the way which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it. And their King shall pass before them&#; Matthew , as He did, of old, in the figure of the cloud, of which Moses said, &#;If Thy Presence go not, carry us not up hence; and wherein shall it be known that I have found grace in Thy sight, I and Thy people, is it not in that Thou goest up with us?&#; Exodus , and as He then did when He passed out of this world to the Father.&#; &#;And the Lord on (that is, at) the head of them,&#; as of His army.

Rup.: &#;For the Lord is His Name, and He is the Head, they the members; He the King, they the people; He the Shepherd, they the sheep of His pasture. And of this passing through He spake, &#;By Me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out and find pasture&#; John For a man entereth in, when, receiving the faith, he becomes a sheep of this Shepherd, and goeth out, when he closeth this present life, and then findeth the pastures of unfading, everlasting life&#; ; &#;passing from this pilgrimage to his home, from faith to sight, from labor to reward.&#; Again, as describing the Christian&#;s life here, it speaks of progress. Jerome: &#;Whoso shall have entered in, must not remain in the state wherein he entered, but must go forth into the pasture; so that, in entering in should be the beginning, in going forth and finding pasture, the perfecting of graces. He who entereth in, is contained within the bounds of the world; he who goeth forth, goes, as it were, beyond all created things, and, counting as nothing all things seen, shall find pasture above the Heavens, and shall feed upon the Word of God, and say, &#;The Lord is my Shepherd&#; Psalms , (and feedeth me,) I can lack nothing.

But this going forth can only be through Christ; as it followeth, &#;and the Lord at the head of them.&#;&#; Nor, again, is this in itself easy, or done for us without any effort of our own. All is of Christ. The words express the closeness of the relation between the Head and the members; and what He, our King and Lord, doth, they do, because He who did it for them, doth it in them. The same words are used of both, shewing that what they do, they do by virtue of His Might, treading in His steps, walking where He has made the way plain, and by His Spirit. What they do, they do, as belonging to Him. He &#;breaketh through,&#; or, rather, in all is &#;the Breaker-through.&#; They, having broken through, pass on, because He &#;passeth before them.&#; He will Isaiah break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron. He &#;breaketh through&#; whatever would hold us back or oppose us, all might of sin and death and Satan, as Moses opened the Red Sea, for &#;a way for the ransomed to pass over&#; Isaiah ; and so He saith, &#;I will go before thee, I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron, and I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places&#; Isaiah

So then Christians, following Him, the Captain of their salvation, strengthened by His grace, must burst the bars of the flesh and of the world, the chains and bonds of evil passions and habits, force themselves through the narrow way and narrow gate, do violence to themselves 2 Timothy , endure hardness, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ. The title of our Lord, the Breaker-through, and the saying, &#;they break through,&#; together express the same as the New Testament doth in regard to our being partakers of the sufferings of Christ Romans Joint heirs with Christ, if so be that we suffer with Him, that we may be also glorified together 2 Timothy If we be dead with Him, we shall also live with Him; if we suffer, we shall also reign with Him 1 Peter Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh - arm yourselves likewise with the same mind.

The words may include also the removal of the souls of the just, who had believed in Christ before His Coming, into Heaven after His Resurrection, and will be fully completed when, in the end, He shall cause His faithful servants, in body and soul, to enter into the joy of their Lord.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Micah ". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/micahhtml.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

It follows, Ascend shall a breaker before them; that is, they shall be led in confusion; and the gate shall also be broken, that they may go forth together; for the passage would not be large enough, were they, as is usually done, to go forth in regular order; but the gates of cities shall be broken, that they may pass through in great numbers and in confusion. By these words the Prophet intimates, that all would be quickly taken away into exile. And they shall go forth, he says through the gate, and their king shall pass on before if them The Prophet means here, that the king would be made captive; and this was the saddest spectacle: for some hope remained, when the dregs of the people had been led into Chaldea; but when the king himself was led away a captive, and cast into prison, and his eyes pulled out, and his children slain, it was the greatest of misery. They were wont to take pride in their king, for they thought that their kingdom could not but continue perpetually, since God had so promised. But God might for a time overturn that kingdom, that he might afterwards raise it anew, according to what has been done by Christ, and according to what had been also predicted by the Prophets. &#;Crosswise, crosswise, crosswise, ( transversa) let the crown be, until its lawful possessor comes.&#; We then see that this, which the Prophet mentions respecting their king, has been added for the sake of amplifying.

He afterwards adds, Jehovah shall be at the head of them; that is, He will be nigh them, to oppress and wholly to overwhelm them. Some consider something to be understood, and of this kind, that Jehovah was wont formerly to rule over them, but that now he would cease to do so: but this is too strained; and the meaning which I have stated seems sufficiently clear, and that is, &#; that God himself would be the doer, when they should be driven into exile, and that he would add courage to tyrants and their attendants, in pursuing the accursed people, in order to urge on more and more and aggravate their calamities and thus to show that their destruction vault happen through his righteous judgment. We now then understand the real meaning of the Prophet. (91) Now follows &#;

(91) Calvin is not singular in his view of this passage. Scott takes the same view, while Henry regards the passage as containing a promise, and so do Marckius, Newcome, and Henderson. But some have considered the words as those of the false prophets, referred to in the eleventh verse, and that Micah answers them in the next chapter. There is no sufficient ground for this opinion. Of those who regard the passage as including a promise, some apply it to the restoration from the Babylonian captivity, and others to spiritual restoration by the gospel. But the passage, viewed by itself, and in its connection with the next chapter, bears evidently the appearance of a commination: there are especially two words which manifestly favor this view, &#; &#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#; and &#;&#;&#;&#;; both are taken generally, if not uniformly, in a bad sense. The first means to tumultuate, to be turbulent and riotous, to be clamorous and noisy; the second signifies to demolish, to break through, to destroy, and in every instance in which it is found as a personal noun, it means a destroyer or a robber. &#; See Psalms ; Ezekiel ; Daniel The first is a verb in the second person plural of the future tense, and in the feminine gender, because of the comparison made in the former lines to sheep and a flock. The verbs in the 12 th verse are all in the future tense, and the two first in the 13 th are in the past, according to what is common in prophecies, but must be rendered as futures. I propose the following version of the passage, &#;

Gathering, I will gather Jacob, the whole of thee; Assembling, I will assemble the residue of Israel; Together will I set them as the sheep of Bozrah, As a flock in the midst of its fold; &#; Ye shall be more noisy than men.

Ascend shall the breaker in the sight of them, &#; they shall break through, And pass the gate, yea, they shall go forth through it, And pass shall their king before them, And Jehovah shall be at their head, or, for their leader.

&#;

Ed.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Micah ". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/micahhtml.

Chuck Smith Bible Commentary

Chapter 2

Now God is giving here His continued indictment against Israel and He said,

Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it, because it had been in the power of their hands ( Micah ).

So those that were abusing their positions of power.

For they covet fields, and take them by violence ( Micah );

He was probably thinking here of the vineyard of Naboth which earlier King Ahab was just so doleful and all, and his wife said, "What's the matter, Honey? What is wrong with you?" He said, "Oh, I want the field of Naboth and he won't sell it to me. Oh, I want that field." She says, "Well, don't worry. I'll take care of it for you." She got some vain fellows who brought a false charge against Naboth and the people stoned him to death and she said, "Hey, he's dead. Go take his field." So wicked Jezebel in her taking by violence that which belonged and so abusing their power or using their power for their own enrichment and their own gain. They covet fields; Ahab coveted the field of Naboth. Then through the cunning of his wife, Jezebel, they took it by violence.

and houses, they take them away: so that they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage ( Micah ).

So notice, here are the sins: one, covetousness; two, violence; and three, oppression. These things were common in Samaria, and that is why the judgment of God came against Samaria and God allowed the Assyrians to carry them away captive.

Therefore thus saith the LORD; against this family do I devise an evil, from which you will not escape; neither shall you go haughtily: for the time is evil. In that day one will take up a parable against you, and a lamentation with a doleful lamentation ( Micah ),

A lamentation was a song of sorrow, but this is especially sorrowful, the doleful lamentation.

and they will say, We are utterly spoiled: he has changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed it from me! turning away he hath divided our fields. Therefore thou shalt have none that shall cast a cord by lot in the congregation of the LORD ( Micah ).

The temple worship will cease. There will be none to take their turn, which, of course, they determined by the casting of lots in the temple of the Lord.

Now they were saying to the prophets of God,

Don't prophesy ( Micah ),

But yet, the false prophets continued their dribble. And that is pretty much more literally than what you will find in your King James.

they shall not prophesy to them, that they shall not take shame ( Micah ).

In other words, don't prophesy in creating a shame in the people.

O thou that art named the house of Jacob, is the Spirit of the LORD troubled [or angry]? are these his doings? do not my words do good to them that walk uprightly? But even of late my people is risen up as an enemy ( Micah ):

Now notice that even though all of this sin exists and they have risen up against God, God still maintains them as "My people." "Oh love that will not let me go, I rest myself in Thee." "Even of late," God said, "My people is risen up as an enemy."

you pull off the robe with the garment from them that pass by securely as men averse from war. The women of my people have ye cast out from their pleasant houses; and from their children have ye taken away my glory for ever. Arise ye, and depart; for this is not your rest: because it is polluted, it shall destroy you, even with a sore destruction. If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink; then you will make him a prophet to the people ( Micah ).

They didn't want to hear God's Word. They told Micah, "Hey, don't prophesy to us." And yet, if a fellow would come along and say, "I'll sing to you of good days of wine and strong drink and all," then they say, "You're our prophet. We want to hear you." Men haven't changed much. They don't want to hear really of the judgment of God that is to be meted out against a sinful generation. They want to hear, "All is well. All is going to be good. Don't worry, it's all going to work out. Cheer up! Keep your head up. Think positively because we're going to come through on top." People say, "Oh, tell me more, tell me more," as the whole thing is going down the tubes. And so they don't want to hear the truth. And God is rebuking them that they will not listen to His truth. They would rather hear a lie than the truth.

But the Lord is talking now of a remnant that He is going to work with.

I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of the multitude of men. The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them ( Micah ). "

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Copyright © , Calvary Chapel of Costa Mesa, Ca.

Bibliographical Information
Smith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on Micah ". "Chuck Smith Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/csc/micahhtml.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

D. A prediction of future regathering and leadership

The message of the false prophets was not completely wrong; it presented the positive aspects of God’s promises to Israel but omitted the negative. Micah’s message had been mainly negative; the people needed to repent or they would experience divine chastening. Now Micah reminded his hearers that there were positive blessings ahead for Israel, but they would come later.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Micah ". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/micahhtml.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

As a shepherd breaks through obstacles and barriers to lead his sheep into pleasant pastures, so Israel’s Good Shepherd will clear the way for His sheep to return to the land (cf. Psalms ; Psalms ). They will break out of their former habitations, pass through the way He opens for them, and leave all parts of the world to return to the Promised Land.

Yahweh would not only function as their Shepherd but also as their (Davidic) King (cf. Isaiah ). He will lead them as a mighty conqueror and ruler (cf. Isaiah ; Zephaniah ; Zechariah ).

"If studied in isolation from the total context of the prophecy, the passage may be understood simply as a prediction of the return from the Captivity. But this is inadequate in view of the broader background of Micah’s concept of the future." [Note: McComiskey, p. ]

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Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Micah ". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/micahhtml.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The breaker up is come up before them, Not the enemy, either the Assyrian or Chaldean army, or any part thereof, going up before the rest, breaking down the walls of the city, either of Samaria or Jerusalem, so making way for entrance therein; nor Zedekiah, as Joseph Kimchi, who made his escape through the wall broken down; nor the Maccabees, who were instruments of great salvation and deliverance to the Jews after the captivity, and before the coming of Christ. Kimchi makes mention of an exposition, which interprets "the breaker" of Elijah, that was to come before the Messiah; "and their king", in the latter part of the text, of the branch the son of David; that is, the Messiah; which sense Mr. Pocock thinks may be admitted of, provided by Elijah we understand John the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ, who is the true Elijah that was to come; who broke, prepared, and cleared the way for Christ by his doctrine and baptism see Luke ; but it is best to interpret "the breaker" of Christ himself; and so I find it explained a by the Jews also, to whom this and all the rest of the characters in the text agree; and who may be so called with respect to his incarnation, being the firstborn that opened the womb, and broke forth into the world in a very extraordinary manner; his birth being of a virgin, who was so both before and after the birth; thus Pharez had his name, which is from the same root, and is of a similar sound with Phorez here, from his breaking forth before his brother, unawares, and contrary to expectation, Genesis

they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it; not either the Assyrians or Chaldeans; nor the people that fled with Zedekiah; but the sheep of Christ following him their Shepherd; who, in the strength of Christ, and the power of his grace, break out of their prison houses; and break off the yokes and fetters in which they have been detained, and all allegiance to former lords; and break through their enemies, and become more than conquerors through him that has loved them; and "pass through [him] the gate"; the strait gate, and narrow way, that leads to the Father, and to the enjoyment of all the blessings of grace; and into the sheepfold, the church, and the privileges of it; and even into heaven itself, eternal life and happiness: and by which also they "go out", for he is a door of escape unto them out of the hands of all their enemies, and from wrath to come; and he is a door of hope of all good things unto them, and which leads to green pastures, and by which they go in and out, and find pasture:

and their King shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them; not the king of Assyria or Babylon, before their respective armies, the Lord God himself being in a providential way at the head of them, and succeeding them; nor Hoshea or Zedekiah, going before their people into captivity, the Lord having forsaken them; but the King Messiah, who is King of Zion, King of saints, that goes before his people as a king before his subjects, and as a shepherd before his flock; and who is the true Jehovah, the Lord our righteousness, who is at the head, and is the Head of his church; the Captain of their salvation, that is at the head of his armies, his chosen and faithful ones, they following and marching after him, Revelation

a In Mattanot Cehunah in Bereshit Rabba, parash. fol. 2. Vid. Galatia. Arcan. Cathol. Ver. l. 3. c.

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Gill, John. "Commentary on Micah ". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/micahhtml.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

Promises of Mercy.

      12 I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of the multitude of men.   13 The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.

      After threatenings of wrath, the chapter here concludes, as is usual in the prophets, with promises of mercy, which were in part fulfilled when the Jews returned out of Babylon, and had their full accomplishment in the kingdom of the Messiah. Their grievances shall be all redressed. 1. Whereas they were dispersed, they shall be brought together again, and shall jointly receive the tokens of God's favour to them, and shall have communion with each other and comfort in each other (Micah ; Micah ): "I will surely assemble, O Jacob! all of thee, all that belong to thee, all that are named of the house of Jacob (Micah ; Micah ) that are now expelled your country, Micah ; Micah I will bring you together again, and not one of you shall be lost, not one of you shall be missing. I will surely gather the remnant of Israel, that remnant that is designed and reserved for salvation; they shall be brought to incorporate in one body. I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah." Sheep are inoffensive and sociable creatures; they shall be as the flock in the midst of their fold, where they are safe under the shepherd's eye and care; and they shall make great noise (as numerous flocks and herds do, with their bleating and lowing) by reason of the multitude of men (for the sheep are men, as the prophet explains this comparison, Ezekiel ), not by reason of their strifes and contentions, but by reason of their great numbers. This was accomplished when Christ by his gospel gathered together in one all the children of God that were scattered abroad, and united both Jews and Gentiles in one fold, and under one Shepherd, when all the complaint was that the place was too strait for them--that was the noise, by reason of their multitude (Isaiah ; Isaiah ), when there were some added to the church from all parts of the world, and all men were drawn to Christ by the attractive power of his cross, which shall be done yet more and more, and perfectly done, when he shall send forth his angels to gather in his elect from the four winds. 2. Whereas God had seemed to desert them, and cast them off, now he will own them, and head them, and help them through all the difficulties that are in the way of their return and deliverance (Micah ; Micah ): the breaker has come up before them, to break down all opposition, and clear the road for them; and under his guidance they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, the door of escape out of their captivity, and have gone out by it with courage and resolution, having Omnipotence for their van-guard. Their King shall pass before them, to head them in the way, even Jehovah (he was their king) on the head of them, as he was on the head of the armies of Israel when they followed the pillar of cloud and fire through the wilderness and when he appeared to Joshua as captain of the Lord's host. Christ is the church's King; he is Jehovah; he heads them, passes before them, brings them out of the land of their captivity, brings them into the land of their rest. He is the breaker, that broke through them, that rent the veil, and opened the kingdom of heaven to all believers. The learned bishop Pearson applies it to the resurrection of Christ, by which he obtained the power and became the pattern of our resurrection. The breaker has gone up before us out of the grave, and has carried away its gates, as Samson did Gaza's, bar and all, and by that breach we go out. The learned Dr. Pocock mentions, as the sense which some of the ancient Jews give of it, that the breaker is Elias, and their King the Messiah, the Son of David; and he thinks we may apply it to Christ and his forerunner John the Baptist. John was the breaker; he broke the ice, prepared the way of the Lord by the baptism of repentance; in him the gospel began; from his time the kingdom of heaven suffered violence; and so the Christian church is introduced, with Messiah the Prince before it, on the head of it, going forth conquering and to conquer.

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Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Micah ". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/micahhtml.

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Compare Translations for Micah

CHAPTER 2

Micah . DENUNCIATION OF THE EVILS PREVALENT: THE PEOPLE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO HEAR THE TRUTH: THEIR EXPULSION FROM THE LAND THE FITTING FRUIT OF THEIR SIN: YET JUDAH AND ISRAEL ARE HEREAFTER TO BE RESTORED.

1. devise . . . work . . . practise--They do evil not merely on a sudden impulse, but with deliberate design. As in the former chapter sins against the first table are reproved, so in this chapter sins against the second table. A gradation: "devise" is the conception of the evil purpose; "work" ( Psalms ), or "fabricate," the maturing of the scheme; "practise," or "effect," the execution of it.
because it is in the power of their hand--for the phrase see Genesis , Proverbs . Might, not right, is what regulates their conduct. Where they can, they commit oppression; where they do not, it is because they cannot.

2. Parallelism, "Take by violence," answers to "take away"; "fields" and "houses," to "house" and "heritage" (that is, one's land).

3. against this family--against the nation, and especially against those reprobates in Micah Micah .
I devise an evil--a happy antithesis between God's dealings and the Jews dealings ( Micah ). Ye "devise evil" against your fellow countrymen; I devise evil against you. Ye devise it wrongfully, I by righteous retribution in kind.
from which ye shall not remove your necks--as ye have done from the law. The yoke I shall impose shall be one which ye cannot shake off. They who will not bend to God's "easy yoke" ( Matthew Matthew ), shall feel His iron yoke. not walk as now with neck haughtily uplifted, for the yoke shall press down your "neck."
this time is evil--rather, "for that time shall be an evil time," namely, the time of the carrying away into captivity (compare Amos , Ephesians ).

4. one take up a parable against you--that is, Some of your foes shall do so, taking in derision from your own mouth your "lamentation," namely, "We be spoiled," &c.
lament with a doleful lamentation--literally, "lament with a lamentation of lamentations." Hebrew, naha, nehi, nihyah, the repetition representing the continuous and monotonous wail.
he hath changed the portion of my people--a charge of injustice against Jehovah. He transfers to other nations the sacred territory assigned as the rightful portion of our people ( Micah ).
turning away he hath divided our fields--Turning away from us to the enemy, He hath divided among them our fields. CALVIN, as the Margin, explains, "Instead of restoring our territory, He hath divided our fields among our enemies, each of whom henceforward will have an interest in keeping what he hath gotten: so that we are utterly shut out from hope of restoration." MAURER translates as a noun, "He hath divided our fields to a rebel," that is, to the foe who is a rebel against the true God, and a worshipper of idols. So "backsliding," that is, backslider ( Jeremiah ). English Version gives a good sense; and is quite tenable in the Hebrew.

5. Therefore--resumed from Micah . On account of your crimes described in Micah Micah .
thou--the ideal individual ("me," Micah ), representing the guilty people in whose name he spoke.
none that . . . cast a cord by lot--none who shall have any possession measured out.
in the congregation of the Lord--among the people consecrated to Jehovah. By covetousness and violence ( Micah ) they had forfeited "the portion of Jehovah's people." This is God's implied answer to their complaint of injustice ( Micah ).

6. Prophesy ye not, say they--namely, the Israelites say to the true prophets, when announcing unwelcome truths. Therefore God judicially abandons them to their own ways: "The prophets, by whose ministry they might have been saved from shame (ignominious captivity), shall not (that is, no longer) prophesy to them" ( Isaiah , Amos , ). MAURER translates the latter clause, "they shall not prophesy of such things" (as in Micah , these being rebellious Israel's words); "let them not prophesy"; "they never cease from insult" (from prophesying insults to us). English Version is supported by the parallelism: wherein the similarity of sound and word implies how exactly God makes their punishment answer to their sin, and takes them at their own word. "Prophesy," literally, "drop" ( Deuteronomy , Ezekiel ).

7. O thou . . . named the house of Jacob--priding thyself on the name, though having naught of the spirit, of thy progenitor. Also, bearing the name which ought to remind thee of God's favors granted to thee because of His covenant with Jacob.
is the Spirit of the Lord straitened?--Is His compassion contracted within narrower limits now than formerly, so that He should delight in your destruction (compare Psalms Isaiah Isaiah )?
are these his doings?--that is, Are such threatenings His delight? Ye dislike the prophets' threatenings ( Micah ):but who is to blame? Not God, for He delights in blessing, rather than threatening; but yourselves ( Micah ) who provoke His threatenings [GROTIUS]. CALVIN translates, "Are your doings such as are prescribed by Him?" Ye boast of being God's peculiar people: Do ye then conform your lives to God's law?
do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly--Are not My words good to the upright? If your ways were upright, My words would not be threatening (compare Psalms , Matthew , John ).

8. Your ways are not such that I can deal with you as I would with the upright.
Even of late--literally, "yesterday," "long ago." So "of old." Hebrew, "yesterday" ( Isaiah ); "heretofore," Hebrew, "since yesterday" ( Joshua ).
my people is risen up as an enemy--that is, has rebelled against My precepts; also has become an enemy to the unoffending passers-by.
robe with the garment--Not content with the outer "garment," ye greedily rob passers-by of the ornamental "robe" fitting the body closely and flowing down to the feet [LUDOVICUS DE DIEU] ( Matthew ).
as men averse from war--in antithesis to (My people) "as an enemy." Israel treats the innocent passers-by, though "averse from war," as an enemy" would treat captives in his power, stripping them of their habiliments as lawful spoils. GROTIUS translates, "as men returning from war," that is, as captives over whom the right of war gives the victors an absolute power. English Version is supported by the antithesis.

9. The women of my people--that is, the widows of the men slain by you ( Micah ) ye cast out from their homes which had been their delight, and seize on them for yourselves.
from their children--that is, from the orphans of the widows.
taken away my glory--namely, their substance and raiment, which, being the fruit of God's blessing on the young, reflected God's glory. Thus Israel's crime was not merely robbery, but sacrilege. Their sex did not save the women, nor their age the children from violence.
for ever--There was no repentance. They persevered in sin. The pledged garment was to be restored to the poor before sunset ( Exodus Exodus ); but these never restored their unlawful booty.

Arise ye, and depart--not an exhortation to the children of God to depart out of an ungodly world, as it is often applied; though that sentiment is a scriptural one. This world is doubtless not our "rest," being "polluted" with sin: it is our passage, not our portion; our aim, not our home ( 2 Corinthians , Hebrews ). The imperatives express the certainty of the future event predicted. "Since such are your doings (compare Micah Micah , &c.), My sentence on you is irrevocable ( Micah Micah ), however distasteful to you ( Micah ); ye who have cast out others from their homes and possessions ( Micah Micah Micah ) must arise, depart, and be cast out of your own ( Micah Micah ): for this is not your rest" ( Numbers , Deuteronomy , Psalms ). Canaan was designed to be a rest to them after their wilderness fatigues. But it is to be so no longer. Thus God refutes the people's self-confidence, as if God were bound to them inseparably. The promise ( Psalms ) is quite consistent with temporary withdrawal of God from Israel for their sins.
it shall destroy you--The land shall spew you out, because of the defilements wherewith ye "polluted" it ( Leviticus Leviticus , Jeremiah , Ezekiel ).

walking in the spirit--The Hebrew means also "wind." "If a man professing to have the 'spirit' of inspiration ( Ezekiel ; so 'man of the spirit,' that is, one claiming inspiration, Hosea ), but really walking in 'wind' (prophecy void of nutriment for the soul, and unsubstantial as the wind) and falsehood, do lie, saying (that which ye like to hear), I will prophesy," &c., even such a one, however false his prophecies, since he flatters your wishes, shall be your prophet (compare Micah , Jeremiah ).
prophesy . . . of wine--that is, of an abundant supply of wine.

A sudden transition from threats to the promise of a glorious restoration. Compare a similar transition in Hosea Hosea . Jehovah, too, prophesies of good things to come, but not like the false prophets, "of wine and strong drink" ( Micah ). After I have sent you into captivity as I have just threatened, I will thence assemble you again (compare Micah Micah ).
all of thee--The restoration from Babylon was partial. Therefore that here meant must be still future, when "all Israel shall be saved" ( Romans ). The restoration from "Babylon" (specified ( Micah ) is the type of the future one.
Jacob . . . Israel--the ten tribes' kingdom ( Hosea ) and Judah ( 2 Chronicles , 2 Chronicles Chronicles ).
remnant--the elect remnant, which shall survive the previous calamities of Judah, and from which the nation is to spring into new life ( Isaiah , ).
as the sheep of Bozrah--a region famed for its rich pastures (compare 2 Kings ). GESENIUS for Bozrah translates, "sheepfold." But thus there will be tautology unless the next clause be translated, "in the midst of their pasture." English Version is more favored by the Hebrew.

The breaker--Jehovah-Messiah, who breaks through every obstacle in the way of their restoration: not as formerly breaking forth to destroy them for transgression ( Exodus , Judges ), but breaking a way for them through their enemies.
they--the returning Israelites and Jews.
passed through the gate--that is, through the gate of the foe's city in which they had been captives. So the image of the resurrection ( Hosea ) represents Israel's restoration.
their king--"the Breaker," peculiarly "their king" ( Hosea , Matthew ).
pass before them--as He did when they went up out of Egypt ( Exodus , Deuteronomy Deuteronomy ).
the Lord on the head of them--Jehovah at their head ( Isaiah ). Messiah, the second person, is meant (compare Exodus , , Isaiah ).

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2 13 micah

Micah

Micah

The breaker up is come up before them
Not the enemy, either the Assyrian or Chaldean army, or any part thereof, going up before the rest, breaking down the walls of the city, either of Samaria or Jerusalem, so making way for entrance therein; nor Zedekiah, as Joseph Kimchi, who made his escape through the wall broken down; nor the Maccabees, who were instruments of great salvation and deliverance to the Jews after the captivity, and before the coming of Christ. Kimchi makes mention of an exposition, which interprets "the breaker" of Elijah, that was to come before the Messiah; "and their king", in the latter part of the text, of the branch the son of David; that is, the Messiah; which sense Mr. Pocock thinks may be admitted of, provided by Elijah we understand John the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ, who is the true Elijah that was to come; who broke, prepared, and cleared the way for Christ by his doctrine and baptism see ( Luke Luke ) ( Luke Luke ) ; but it is best to interpret "the breaker" of Christ himself; and so I find it explained F1 by the Jews also, to whom this and all the rest of the characters in the text agree; and who may be so called with respect to his incarnation, being the firstborn that opened the womb, and broke forth into the world in a very extraordinary manner; his birth being of a virgin, who was so both before and after the birth; thus Pharez had his name, which is from the same root, and is of a similar sound with Phorez here, from his breaking forth before his brother, unawares, and contrary to expectation, ( Genesis they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out
by it;
and their King shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of
them;
not the king of Assyria or Babylon, before their respective armies, the Lord God himself being in a providential way at the head of them, and succeeding them; nor Hoshea or Zedekiah, going before their people into captivity, the Lord having forsaken them; but the King Messiah, who is King of Zion, King of saints, that goes before his people as a king before his subjects, and as a shepherd before his flock; and who is the true Jehovah, the Lord our righteousness, who is at the head, and is the Head of his church; the Captain of their salvation, that is at the head of his armies, his chosen and faithful ones, they following and marching after him, ( Revelation ) ( ) .


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Micah 2:1-13 - Judgement or Blessing?

 Context  Crossref  Comm  Hebrew 

Verse  (Click for Chapter)

New International Version
The One who breaks open the way will go up before them; they will break through the gate and go out. Their King will pass through before them, the LORD at their head.&#

New Living Translation
Your leader will break out and lead you out of exile, out through the gates of the enemy cities, back to your own land. Your king will lead you; the LORD himself will guide you.&#;

English Standard Version
He who opens the breach goes up before them; they break through and pass the gate, going out by it. Their king passes on before them, the LORD at their head.

Berean Study Bible
One who breaks open the way will go up before them; they will break through the gate, and go out by it. Their King will pass through before them, the LORD as their leader.

King James Bible
The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.

New King James Version
The one who breaks open will come up before them; They will break out, Pass through the gate, And go out by it; Their king will pass before them, With the LORD at their head.&#;

New American Standard Bible
&#;The one who breaks through goes up before them; They break through, pass through the gate, and go out by it. So their king passes on before them, And the LORD at their head.&#;

NASB
&#The breaker goes up before them; They break out, pass through the gate and go out by it. So their king goes on before them, And the LORD at their head.&#

NASB
&#;The breaker goes up before them; They break out, pass through the gate, and go out by it. So their king goes on before them, And the LORD at their head.&#;

Amplified Bible
&#;The breaker [the Messiah, who opens the way] shall go up before them [liberating them]. They will break out, pass through the gate and go out; So their King goes on before them, The LORD at their head.&#;

Christian Standard Bible
One who breaks open the way will advance before them; they will break out, pass through the city gate, and leave by it. Their King will pass through before them, the LORD as their leader.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
One who breaks open the way will advance before them; they will break out, pass through the gate, and leave by it. Their King will pass through before them, the LORD as their leader.

American Standard Version
The breaker is gone up before them: they have broken forth and passed on to the gate, and are gone out thereat; and their king is passed on before them, and Jehovah at the head of them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The Pathmaker went up before them; he breached a breach and they crossed and they went out in it and their King passed by before them, and LORD JEHOVAH at the head of them

Brenton Septuagint Translation
they have broken through, and passed the gate, and gone out by it: and their king has gone out before them, and the Lord shall lead them.

Contemporary English Version
I will break down the gate and lead them out--then I will be their king.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he shall go up that shall open the way before them: they shall divide, and pass through the gate, and shall come in by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord at the head of them.

English Revised Version
The breaker is gone up before them: they have broken forth and passed on to the gate, and are gone out thereat: and their king is passed on before them, and the LORD at the head of them.

Good News Translation
God will open the way for them and lead them out of exile. They will break out of the city gates and go free. Their king, the LORD himself, will lead them out.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD] will open the way and lead them. They will break out, go through the gate, and leave. Their king will travel in front of them. The LORD will lead the people.

International Standard Version
God will stand up and break through in their presence. Then they will pass through the gate, going out by it. Their king will pass in front of them with the LORD at their head."

JPS Tanakh
The breaker is gone up before them; They have broken forth and passed on, By the gate, and are gone out thereat; And their king is passed on before them, And the LORD at the head of them.

Literal Standard Version
The breaker has gone up before them, They have broken through, Indeed, they pass through the gate, Indeed, they go out through it, And their king passes on before them, And YHWH at their head!&#;

NET Bible
The one who can break through barriers will lead them out they will break out, pass through the gate, and leave. Their king will advance before them, The LORD himself will lead them.

New Heart English Bible
The breaker goes up before them. They break through the gate, and go out. And their king passes on before them, with the LORD at their head.

World English Bible
He who breaks open the way goes up before them. They break through the gate, and go out. And their king passes on before them, with Yahweh at their head.

Young's Literal Translation
Gone up hath the breaker before them, They have broken through, Yea, they pass through the gate, Yea, they go out through it, And pass on doth their king before them, And Jehovah at their head!

Additional Translations

Context

The Remnant of Israel
12I will surely gather all of you, O Jacob; I will collect the remnant of Israel. I will bring them together like sheep in a pen, like a flock in the midst of its pasture&#;a noisy throng. 13One who breaks open the waywill go upbefore them;they will breakthroughthe gate,and go outby it.Their Kingwill pass throughbefore them,the LORDas their leader.

Berean Study Bible · Download



Cross References

Micah
I will surely gather all of you, O Jacob; I will collect the remnant of Israel. I will bring them together like sheep in a pen, like a flock in the midst of its pasture--a noisy throng.

Micah
Then I said: "Hear now, O leaders of Jacob, you rulers of the house of Israel. Should you not know justice?



Treasury of Scripture

The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.

breaker.

Isaiah ,
To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house&#;

Isaiah ,2
Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; &#;

Isaiah ,24,25
That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places&#;

they have.

Zechariah ,12
And they shall be as mighty men, which tread down their enemies in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the LORD is with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded&#;

Zechariah
And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it&#;

their.

Isaiah
They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.

Isaiah
I, even I, am he that comforteth you: who art thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man that shall die, and of the son of man which shall be made as grass;

Isaiah
For ye shall not go out with haste, nor go by flight: for the LORD will go before you; and the God of Israel will be your rereward.





Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) The breaker"This Breaker is, by the confession of the Jews, the title of the Messias. . . . The same appeareth by that saying of Moses Haddershan in Bereshith Rabba: The plantation from above is Messias; as it is written, the Breaker is come up before them'" (Pearson, On the Creed,Art. 6, note).

Pulpit Commentary

Verse - The breaker is come (gone) up before them. Micah depicts Israel's redemption under the figure of release from captivity. The passage is clearly Messianic, and can neither be considered an interpolation nor tortured into a declaration of the siege and ruin of Samaria or Jerusalem. "One that breaketh" is a liberator, a leader that overcomes all obstacles which oppose Israel's return. There may be an allusion in the first instance to a human leader, such as Zerubbabel, in analogy with Moses and Joshua in old time, but the real conqueror intended is generally regarded as Messiah. The Breaker up is supposed to be a title of the Messiah well known to the Jews (see Pusey; and Pearson, 'Exposition of the Creed,' art. 7, note y). This interpretation is rejected by Professor Driver (Expositor, April ), who considers the "breaker up" to be "either a leader or a detachment of men, whose duty it was to break up walls or other obstacles opposing the progress of an army." But is not this to introduce an agency unknown to these times? Was there any special body of men trained and maintained for this particular duty? This "breaker up," according to Dr. Driver's conception, "advances before them, breaking through the gates of the prison in which the people are confined; they follow, marching forth triumphantly through this open way; their king, with Jehovah at his side (Psalm ), heads the victorious procession (Exodus ; Isaiah )? They have broken up;broken forth, or through. The captives cooperate with their leader. Have passed through the gate, etc. The prophet speaks of a solemn, regular removal, like the Exodus from Egypt, which no human power can oppose. Their king. The same as Jehovah in the next clause (Isaiah ). He shall lead the host, as he headed the Israelites when they left the house of bondage (Exodus ). The prediction may look forward to the final gathering of Israel, which St. Paul seems to contemplate when he writes, "And so all Israel shall be saved" (Romans ).



Parallel Commentaries


Hebrew

One who breaks open the way
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(hap&#;p&#;&#;r&#;&#;)
Article &#; Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's To break through

will go up
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(&#;&#;&#;l&#;h)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's To ascend, in, actively

before them;
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(lip&#;&#;n&#;&#;hem)
Preposition-l &#; Noun - masculine plural construct &#; third person masculine plural
Strong's The face

they will break
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(p&#;&#;r&#;&#;&#;&#;)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's To break through

through
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(way&#;ya&#;&#;a&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;r&#;)
Conjunctive waw &#; Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's To pass over, through, or by, pass on

the gate,
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(&#;a&#;&#;ar)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's An opening, door, gate

and go out
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(way&#;y&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;)
Conjunctive waw &#; Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

by it.
&#;&#;&#;&#;(&#;&#;w)
Preposition &#; third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

Their king
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(mal&#;k&#;m)
Noun - masculine singular construct &#; third person masculine plural
Strong's A king

will pass through
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(way&#;ya&#;&#;a&#;&#;&#;&#;r)
Conjunctive waw &#; Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's To pass over, through, or by, pass on

before them,
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(lip&#;&#;n&#;&#;hem)
Preposition-l &#; Noun - masculine plural construct &#; third person masculine plural
Strong's The face

the LORD
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(Yah&#;weh)
Conjunctive waw &#; Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

as their leader.
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;(b&#;&#;r&#;&#;&#;&#;m)
Preposition-b &#; Noun - masculine singular construct &#; third person masculine plural
Strong's The head


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OT Prophets: Micah He who breaks open the way goes (Mc Mic. Mi)

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