180 essential vocabulary words

180 essential vocabulary words DEFAULT

180 Essential Vocabulary Words For 4th Grade

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180 Essential 1Vocabulary Words Independent Learning Packets That Help Students Learn the Most Important Words They Need to Succeed in School

Linda Ward Beech

NEW YORK • TORONTO • LONDON • AUCKLAND • SYDNEY MEXICO CITY • NEW DELHI • HONG KONG • BUENOS AIRES

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

for 5th Grade

for classroom use. No other part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher. For information regarding permission, write to Scholastic Inc., 557 Broadway, New York, NY 10012. Editor: Mela Ottaiano Cover design: Brian LaRossa Interior design: Melinda Belter Interior illustrations: Mike Moran ISBN-13: 978-0-439-89736-5 ISBN-10: 0-439-89736-X Copyright © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech All rights reserved. Published by Scholastic Inc. Printed in the U.S.A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

40

15 14 13 12 11 10 09

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Scholastic Inc. grants teachers permission to photocopy the designated reproducible pages from this book

TA B L E O F

CONTENTS

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 LESSON 1: School . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 LESSON 2: Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 LESSON 3: Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 LESSON 4: Textbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 LESSON 5: Math/Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 LESSON 6: Social Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 LESSON 7: Social Studies/Government . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 LESSON 8: Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 LESSON 9: Science/Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 LESSON 10: Study Skills/Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 LESSON 11: Art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 LESSON 12: Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 LESSON 13: Health/Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 LESSON 14: Citizenship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 LESSON 15: Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 LESSON 16: Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 LESSON 17: Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 LESSON 18: Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Word List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Introduction

Tips for Using the Lessons

Academic vocabulary refers to words that are commonly found in textbooks and used in assignments, content area standards, and standardized tests. Just as specialized words are used in fields such as journalism, medicine, and law enforcement, academic vocabulary is the language of the classroom, school, and educational process. Recognizing these words and comprehending what they mean is, therefore, crucial to a student’s academic success. The purpose of this book is to help students become familiar with the academic vocabulary most often used at their grade level. In this way, they will be better prepared to understand and successfully complete classroom work, homework assignments, and tests. The lessons in this book are organized around curriculum areas and other common school topics. Each four-page lesson introduces ten words and provides various ways for students to explore their meaning and usage.

• Make a practice of using the lesson words often in classroom discussions and assignments. Call attention to these words as they come up.

As you introduce the lessons, be sure to have the following items available: Dictionaries Thesauruses Writing tools or computers Student portfolios of written work

TEXT

MESSAGE 4

4

• Many words have more than one meaning, including some that are not given in the lesson. Point out additional meanings or invite students to discover and share them. • Review parts of speech with students before each lesson. Many words can be used as more than one part of speech, including examples that are not given in this book. Encourage students to monitor their use of these words. • Be sure to have students complete the Portfolio Page assignments on the second page of each lesson. Add your own writing assignments as well. Applying the lesson words in independent writing activities is essential in making the words part of students’ vocabulary. • Encourage students to consult more than one reference and to compare information.

You’ll find a complete alphabetized list of all the lesson words in the Word List at the back of the book. Each page number listed identifies the first page of the lesson in which the word is found.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Materials

• Consider having students make a set of word cards for each lesson. You might also make a class set and place it in your language arts center.

Lesson Organization Each lesson is four pages long and introduces ten academic words.

The first lesson page includes: LESSON 4

lesson words

The second page includes:

TEXTBOOKS

LESSON 4

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

statement of



lesson focus

acronym

acquire

cite

contrast

examine

excerpt

expository

glossary

rephrase

statement

lesson words one or more

If you acquire information, you gain possession of it. If you cite someone, you quote that person as an authority.

exercises focusing

To contrast means to show differences. When you examine something, you look at it closely. An excerpt is a passage from a book that is reprinted in another book.

on meaning

Expository writing gives information about a topic.

acronym

acquire

cite

contrast

examine

excerpt

expository

glossary

rephrase

statement

A. Read the first word in each row. Find and circle two other words with similar meanings.

CERTAIN WORDS ARE USEFUL WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT TEXTBOOKS.

An acronym is a word formed from the first letters of a name or phrase

simple sentences

TEXTBOOKS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

A glossary is a specialized vocabulary list found at the back of a book.

1. acquire

get

obtain

expire

2. examine

ignore

study

observe

3. rephrase

remember

restate

reword

4. contrast

vary

contest

differ

5. expository

informative

revelatory

exciting

To rephrase is to say something again.

explaining meaning

1. Unlike a novel, a textbook has mostly _________________________ writing. 2. Each paragraph has a _________________________ that contains the main idea. 3. A good reader often _________________________ a passage in his or her own words. 4. It is also helpful to _________________________ the visuals on the page. 5. Ella finds it useful to check the _________________________ for the meaning of unfamiliar words.

cloze exercise *

6. Sometimes a text will _________________________ two events or ideas. 7. A textbook may also include _________________________ from other books. 8. In his science book, Cal learned that laser is an _________________________ for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.” 9. Seth’s social studies book has _________________________ several authorities on the westward movement. 10. Bev _________________________ a lot of information from studying her textbook.

18

Portfolio Page writing assignment

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence.

of words

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A statement is a declaration.

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is a statement?

❐ interrogative

❐ declarative

❐ exclamatory

2. Which one is an acronym?

❐ modem

❐ moderator

❐ modern

3. Which one is an excerpt?

❐ postage

❐ pastime

❐ passage

4. Which one is a glossary?

❐ thesaurus

❐ atlas

❐ dictionary

5. Why might you cite a source?

❐ courage

❐ accuracy

❐ curiosity

Portfolio Page Write a review of one of your textbooks. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

19

The third page includes:

LESSON 4

two or three

acronym

acquire

cite

contrast

examine

excerpt

expository

glossary

rephrase

statement

❐ sentence

❐ record

❐ location

2. The firefighters were cited for their bravery.

❐ honored

❐ summoned

❐ quoted

❐ observed

❐ questioned

Read the clues. Identify the correct vocabulary word and write it next to its clue. Then find and circle each word in the puzzle.

a puzzle, game,

noun noun

verb

noun

verb

4. The excerpt from her memoir was interesting.

noun

verb

_________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Rephrase a sentence from a textbook. _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Write a word and its meaning from a textbook glossary. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. About which historical period have you acquired the most knowledge?

structure

_________________________________________________________________________________ 5. What is an expository book you have read?

20

I

T O R Y W

_________________________________________________________________________________

O G L O S S A R Y P T G N Y L G B H N P W H F C

learning activity

M X D C Q W R C W A A N

using the words

Q R U E X A M I N E P A

E C H I

X

Hint: The words can run ACROSS or DOWN.

I O Q E S Y T

J E N T N F L U Z E M R

verb

2. The review question asked students to contrast the leaders. 3. Neil would like to excerpt a passage from the magazine.

1. Make up an acronym for a group you know.

roots, or word

L P U X C K R S O

C E X P O S

Y E S D M Y V A K R Q O

❐ angered

C. Write a sentence to answer to each question.

of speech, word

A D I

maze, or other

B. Many words can be used as more than one part of speech. Circle noun or verb for each vocabulary word. 1. The contrast between the leaders was extreme.

TEXTBOOKS

R M V Z T C J R O E K B

1. Dana read her bank statement.

3. The lawyer examined the witness.

prefixes, other meanings, parts

LESSON 4

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence.

exercises focusing on suffixes,

TEXTBOOKS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

E P

I G B A V R H J C S

A T F S T A T E M E N T 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

lesson words

The fourth page includes:

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

* ALERT STUDENTS TO LOOK AT THE SUBJECTS OF THE CLOZE SENTENCES to determine if they are singular or plural because that will affect the form of the verbs they use. Students should also use the correct verb tense in these sentences. For nouns, students should determine whether they need to use the singular or plural form.

Clues 1. a kind of writing

_________________________

2. a collection of words on a particular subject

_________________________

3. to study closely

_________________________

4. a declarative sentence

_________________________

5. a new word from other words

_________________________

6. a passage from another piece of writing

_________________________

7. to quote

_________________________

8. get possession of

_________________________

9. reword

_________________________

10. to find ways in which things differ

_________________________

21

5

LESSON 1

SCHOOL

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

discipline

enroll

essential

information

integrate

intermediate

promote

section

supervise

translation



SOME WORDS ARE USEFUL TO KNOW BECAUSE THEY REFER TO SCHOOL.

Discipline is controlled behavior resulting from training. If you sign up to take a class, you enroll in it. Something essential is of the greatest importance. If you have facts about a topic, you have information. When you combine things into a whole, you integrate them. Intermediate means “in-between.” If you promote something, you advance it. A section is a part of a whole. When you supervise something, you direct the action of it.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Last year, Zack was a beginner, but this year he is in the _________________________ group. 2. Reading is an _________________________ skill. 3. Holly plans to _________________________ in Mr. Fine’s art class. 4. The book you have chosen is a _________________________ of the Spanish version. 5. Our school is divided into four _________________________ of students. 6. It takes _________________________ to do your homework as soon as you get home from school. 7. Ana found _________________________ about Peru on the Internet. 8. In her discussion, Ms. Vega tried to _________________________ history and literature. 9. Which teacher will _________________________ this after-school program? 10. At the end of the year the principal will _________________________ us to the next grade.

6

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A translation is something that is expressed in another language.

LESSON 1

SCHOOL

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

discipline

enroll

essential

information

integrate

intermediate

promote

section

supervise

translation

A. Read the first word in each row. Find and circle two other words in that row with similar meanings.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. enroll

enlist

register

exit

exercise

2. essential

aromatic

fundamental

excellent

indispensable

3. section

entire

part

portion

second

4. supervise

control

superheat

serve

oversee

5. integrate

interfere

unify

intercept

consolidate

6. information

memory

data

knowledge

inflection

7. promote

progress

irritate

advance

promise

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is intermediate?

❐ beginning

❐ middle

❐ final

2. What does a translation do?

❐ depress

❐ repress

❐ express

3. Which one is discipline?

❐ forgetting

❐ training

❐ hoping

Portfolio Page Write an e-mail giving advice to someone who will be a newcomer at your school. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

7

LESSON 1

SCHOOL

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

discipline

enroll

essential

information

integrate

intermediate

promote

section

supervise

translation

A. The lesson words below have suffixes. A suffix is added to the end of a word to change its meaning and often its part of speech. Underline the suffix in each word. Then, write a sentence using the word. Use a dictionary if needed. 1. supervision

___________________________________________________________________

2. translator

___________________________________________________________________

3. intermediary ___________________________________________________________________ 4. enrollment

___________________________________________________________________

5. integration

___________________________________________________________________

B. Write a sentence to answer each question.

________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why is education considered essential? ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. In what section of the library would you find the life story of Thomas Jefferson? ________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What information would you need to mail a package? ________________________________________________________________________________ 5. How could discipline help you improve your grades? ________________________________________________________________________________

8

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. What is a cause that you would promote?

LESSON 1

SCHOOL

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Play the Word Clue Game. Write the best vocabulary word for each clue. Use each word only once.

Clues

Vocabulary Words

1. Is the opposite of unimportant 2. Has the word media in it 3. Is a synonym for segment 4. Comes from the Latin word discipulus, meaning “student”

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

5. Related to promotion, promoter 6. Can mean “knowledge” 7. Begins with a prefix that means “across” 8. Is an antonym of segregate 9. Comes from Latin words super, meaning “over” and videre, meaning “to see” 10. Rhymes with patrol

9

LESSON 2

READING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________



analogy

classic

diction

figurative

foreshadow

infer

insight

introduction

motive

narrative

YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT READING.

An analogy is a statement in which the relationship of one thing is likened to that of another thing. A classic is an author or work thought to be of the highest rank. The choice and use of words in speaking or writing is called diction. Figurative language includes figures of speech such as similes. An author may foreshadow an event by giving a hint in advance. When you infer something, you make a conclusion based on evidence. Insight is the ability to see the nature of something. An introduction is a section at the beginning of a book that prepares the way for what follows.

A narrative is a story. Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. The plays of Shakespeare are considered _________________________ . 2. Poetry often contains _________________________ language. 3. The character’s _________________________ was not yet clear to Jade. 4. As Lamont read the book, he gained _________________________ into the character’s behavior. 5. The _________________________ compared two sets of synonyms. 6. The _________________________ explained what the reader would learn. 7. Colin likes to read a _________________________ text with a good plot. 8. The author’s vocabulary and _________________________ made the description vivid. 9. What can you _________________________ from this paragraph about the accident? 10. The author _________________________ this event earlier in the story.

10

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A motive is a reason for doing something.

LESSON 2

READING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

analogy

classic

diction

figurative

foreshadow

infer

insight

introduction

motive

narrative

A. Read each pair of words. Write a vocabulary word that has the same or almost the same meaning. 1. phraseology, wording

_________________________

2. foretell, hint

_________________________

3. deduce, conclude

_________________________

4. intuition, perception

_________________________

5. preface, foreword

_________________________

6. purpose, explanation

_________________________

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. Which one is classic?

❐ past

❐ present

❐ future

❐ typical

❐ local

❐ similarity

❐ simulation

❐ simplicity

❐ textbook

❐ storybook

❐ cookbook

2. Which one describes figurative?

❐ fanciful 3. Which one is key to an analogy?

4. Which one is a narrative?

Portfolio Page Write a brief profile of a favorite book character. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

11

LESSON 2

READING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

analogy

classic

diction

figurative

foreshadow

infer

insight

introduction

motive

narrative

A. Read the word meaning in each sentence. Then, write the vocabulary word that comes from the Greek or Latin word. 1. The Greek word analogos means “resembling.” 2. The Latin word dicere means “to say.”

_________________________

_________________________

3. The Latin word inferre means “to bring in.”

_________________________

4. The Old English word sihth means “vision or thing seen.”

_________________________

1. literal

_________________________

2. epilogue

_________________________

C. Write a sentence to answer each question. 1. What classic have you read or would like to read? ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why might an author foreshadow a story event? _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is a key motive for many of Harry Potter’s actions? _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What is the main setting of your favorite narrative? _________________________________________________________________________________

12

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Write a vocabulary word that is an antonym of each word below.

LESSON 2

READING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Complete the puzzle using the vocabulary words from this lesson. 1. a narrated account 2. why a character acts a certain way 3. Gulliver’s Travels is an example. 4. a use of vocabulary 5. what a reader does to increase understanding of a text 6. An example is: Bright is to dim as nice is to mean. 7. It comes at the beginning. 8. to give a preview 9. A metaphor is an example of this kind of language. 10. wisdom and understanding about something

R ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 2. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ E 3. ____ ____ A ____ ____ ____ ____ 4. D ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 5. ____ ____ F ____ ____ 6. ____ ____ ____ ____ O ____ ____ 7. ____ ____ ____ R ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 8. F ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 9. ____ ____ ____ U ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 10. ____ N ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1. ____ ____ ____

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

____

13

LESSON 3

WRITING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

abbreviation

clarify

composition

compound

convince

header

inspiration

modify

revision

specific



YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT WRITING.

In an abbreviation, part of a word stands for the whole word.

Mr.

If you clarify something, you make it clear. A composition is a short essay.

AND

A compound is something that has more than one part. If you convince someone, you win that person over. A header is information that runs along the top of a page of text.

Mrs.

Inspiration is an influence that results in a good idea. Some words modify or limit the meaning of other words. A revision is a corrected or improved form of writing.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. The editorial tries to _________________________ readers to vote for this candidate. 2. Amber needed some _________________________ before she could write a poem. 3. Use the _________________________ for “street” on the address. 4. A _________________________ sentence has two independent clauses. 5. Miss Reyes assigned a _________________________ for English homework. 6. Trish forgot to put a _________________________ at the top of her first draft. 7. An adjective _________________________ a noun. 8. Jason’s _________________________ was an improvement over his first draft. 9. The teacher asked Blake to _________________________ her statement. 10. Try to use _________________________ verbs to make your writing more interesting.

14

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Specific means “particular.”

LESSON 3

WRITING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

abbreviation

clarify

composition

compound

convince

header

inspiration

modify

revision

specific

A. Draw a line from each vocabulary word to match it with a synonym. 1. convince

a. motivation

2. composition

b. abridgment

3. specific

c. correction

4. abbreviation

d. essay

5. modify

e. persuade

6. revision

f. limit

7. inspiration

g. precise

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. Where is a header?

❐ bottom

❐ middle

❐ top

2. Which one is a compound word?

❐ classroom

❐ class

❐ classify

3. What do you clarify?

❐ seeking

❐ hearing

❐ meaning

Portfolio Page Write three compound sentences. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

15

LESSON 3

WRITING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

abbreviation

clarify

composition

compound

convince

header

inspiration

modify

revision

specific

A. For each number, read the three words. Shade the word in one of the bottom boxes that is an antonym of the word in the top box. 2.

convince dissuade

sway

3.

5.

title

4.

clarify confuse

explain

simple

footer

specific vague

6.

compound multiple

header

definite

modify preserve

alter

B. The vocabulary words below contain a suffix. Write the base word for each one. Then, use the base word in a sentence. 1. inspiration

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 2. abbreviation

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 3. revision

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 4. composition

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

16

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1.

LESSON 3

WRITING

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read each clue. Write the correct vocabulary word in the spaces below. Then, write the letters from the shaded boxes in order on the lines to find the mystery word.

1. shed some light on something

2. an improved piece of writing

3. something you might write in school

4. what adverbs do to verbs

5. a kind of sentence you might use in writing

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

6. what a persuasive paragraph tries to do

7. a shortening of a word

8. the opposite of general

9. information at the top of a page

10. a brilliant idea

Mystery Word

e

Writing is an important way to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ .

17

LESSON 4

TEXTBOOKS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________



acquire

acronym

cite

contrast

examine

excerpt

expository

glossary

rephrase

statement

CERTAIN WORDS ARE USEFUL WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT TEXTBOOKS.

If you acquire information, you gain possession of it. An acronym is a word formed from the first letters of a name or phrase. If you cite someone, you quote that person as an authority. To contrast means “to show differences.” When you examine something, you look at it closely. An excerpt is a passage from a book that is reprinted in another book. Expository writing gives information about a topic. A glossary is a specialized vocabulary list found at the back of a book. To rephrase is to say something again.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Unlike a novel, a textbook has mostly _________________________ writing. 2. Each paragraph has a _________________________ that contains the main idea. 3. A good reader often _________________________ a passage in his or her own words. 4. It is also helpful to _________________________ the visuals on the page. 5. Ella finds it useful to check the _________________________ for the meaning of unfamiliar words. 6. Sometimes a text will _________________________ two events or ideas. 7. A textbook may also include _________________________ from other books. 8. In his science book, Cal learned that laser is an _________________________ for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.” 9. Seth’s social studies book has _________________________ several authorities on the westward movement. 10. Bev _________________________ a lot of information from studying her textbook.

18

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A statement is a declaration.

LESSON 4

TEXTBOOKS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

acquire

acronym

cite

contrast

examine

excerpt

expository

glossary

rephrase

statement

A. Read the first word in each row. Find and circle two other words with similar meanings. 1. acquire

get

obtain

expire

2. examine

ignore

study

observe

3. rephrase

remember

restate

reword

4. contrast

vary

contest

differ

5. expository

informative

revelatory

exciting

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is a statement?

❐ interrogative

❐ declarative

❐ exclamatory

2. Which one is an acronym?

❐ modem

❐ moderator

❐ modern

3. Which one is an excerpt?

❐ postage

❐ pastime

❐ passage

4. Which one is a glossary?

❐ thesaurus

❐ atlas

❐ dictionary

5. Why might you cite a source?

❐ courage

❐ accuracy

❐ curiosity

Portfolio Page Write a review of one of your textbooks. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

19

LESSON 4

TEXTBOOKS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

acquire

acronym

cite

contrast

examine

excerpt

expository

glossary

rephrase

statement

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence. 1. Dana read her bank statement.

❐ sentence

❐ record

❐ location

2. The firefighters were cited for their bravery.

❐ honored

❐ summoned

❐ quoted

3. The lawyer examined the witness.

❐ observed

❐ questioned

❐ angered

1. The contrast between the leaders was extreme.

noun

verb

2. The review question asked students to contrast the leaders.

noun

verb

3. Neil would like to excerpt a passage from the magazine.

noun

verb

4. The excerpt from her memoir was interesting.

noun

verb

C. Write a sentence to respond items 1–5 below. 1. Make up an acronym for a group you know. _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Rephrase a sentence from a textbook. _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Write a word and its meaning from a textbook glossary. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. About which historical period have you acquired the most knowledge? _________________________________________________________________________________ 5. What is an expository book you have read?

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_________________________________________________________________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Many words can be used as more than one part of speech. Circle noun or verb for each vocabulary word.

LESSON 4

TEXTBOOKS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Identify the correct vocabulary word and write it next to its clue. Then, find and circle each word in the puzzle.

A D I

L P U X C K R S O

C E X P O S

I

T O R Y W

R M V Z T C J R O E K B O G L O S S A R Y P T G N Y L G B H N P W H F C Y E S D M Y V A K R Q O

Hint: The words can run ACROSS or DOWN.

M X D C Q W R C W A A N E C H I

X

I O Q E S Y T

J E N T N F L U Z E M R Q R U E X A M I N E P A E P

I G B A V R H J C S

A T F S T A T E M E N T 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Clues 1. a kind of writing

_________________________

2. a collection of words on a particular subject

_________________________

3. to study closely

_________________________

4. a declarative sentence

_________________________

5. a new word from other words

_________________________

6. a passage from another piece of writing

_________________________

7. to quote

_________________________

8. get possession of

_________________________

9. reword

_________________________

10. to find ways in which things differ

_________________________

21

LESSON 5

M AT H / E C O N O M I C S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________



asset

compute

credit

finance

fund

income

inventory

invest

minimum

scarce

YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT ECONOMICS.

An asset is a valuable possession. If you compute a math problem, you figure it out. Credit is someone’s ability to meet debts. Finance is the management of money. A fund is money set aside for certain purposes. Income means “earnings.” An inventory is a list of possessions or goods. When you invest, you use money to make a profit. A minimum is the least amount.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. The class set up a _________________________ for the spring field trip. 2. Because of the drought, some vegetables were _________________________ this year. 3. Mr. Lake’s house is his biggest _________________________ . 4. Mrs. Watkins had good _________________________ because she paid her bills on time. 5. The students _________________________ how much money they needed for refreshments. 6. Ms. Chang made an _________________________ of the goods in her store. 7. Dad decided to _________________________ in a new company. 8. Blair has a new job and now brings home a good _________________________ . 9. The charity asked each person to give a _________________________ of one dollar to the cause. 10. Jerry wanted to read books about _________________________ so he could manage his allowance wisely.

22

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

If something is scarce, there is little of it.

LESSON 5

M AT H / E C O N O M I C S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

asset

compute

credit

finance

fund

income

inventory

invest

minimum

scarce

A. Read each pair of words. Write a vocabulary word that has the same or almost the same meaning. 1. lacking, insufficient

_________________________

2. calculate, reckon

_________________________

3. belongings, property

_________________________

4. least, smallest

_________________________

5. revenue, wages

_________________________

6. list, record

_________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Why do you invest?

❐ to borrow

❐ to pay

❐ to gain

2. What can you do with credit?

❐ charge

❐ change

❐ barter

3. What is a fund?

❐ spending

❐ savings

❐ losing

4. What is finance about?

❐ affection

❐ duty

❐ money

Portfolio Page Write a list of questions about managing money. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

23

M AT H / E C O N O M I C S

LESSON 5

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

asset

compute

credit

finance

fund

income

inventory

invest

minimum

scarce

A. Read each set of words. Underline the two words that are antonyms. Use a dictionary if needed.

4.

minute

2.

3.

debit

plentiful

maximum

orbit

scarce

minimum

credit

scary

expenses

5.

6.

insult

liability

interest

invest

asset

income

divest

assert

B. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word or phrase that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence. 1. She has a fund of knowledge about birds.

❐ supply

❐ savings

❐ lack

2. My parents will finance the trip.

❐ end

❐ pay for

❐ manage

C. Underline the best ending for each sentence. 1. An inventory helps a store _____________ . a. advertise goods

b. display goods

c. restock goods

2. In a restaurant, you might compute in order to _____________ . a. choose a dessert

24

b. determine a tip

c. meet a friend

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1.

LESSON 5

M AT H / E C O N O M I C S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Then, complete the puzzle using the vocabulary words from this lesson.

Down

Across 2. money collected for a particular use

1. use money to gain interest or profit

6. a record of items stocked by a store

3. opposite of maximum

7. money that someone earns for work

4. confidence in a buyer’s ability to pay

8. the management of money

5. not readily available 9. something you own that represents wealth

10. calculate

1 2 3

5

4

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

6

8

7

9

10

25

LESSON 6

SOCIAL STUDIES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

elevation military



employ

establish

innocent

profession

property

survey

issue transfer

YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT SOCIAL STUDIES.

Elevation is the height of land above sea level. If you employ someone, you provide that person with work. When you establish something, you set it up. Innocent means “not guilty.” An issue is a subject under discussion. Military refers to the armed forces. A profession is an occupation. Property is something that you own. A survey is a study done about something.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. The jury found the defendant _________________________ of the crime. 2. The soldiers lived on a _________________________ base. 3. The _________________________ of the mountain was more than 12,000 feet. 4. Jared _________________________ his wallet from one pocket to the other. 5. Our town was _________________________ in 1809. 6. The gardener plans to _________________________ three more people for the summer. 7. We answered questions on the _________________________ about our neighborhood. 8. One of the _________________________ they discussed was pollution. 9. There is a fence at the edge of their _________________________ . 10. Someday, Penny hopes to go into the medical _________________________ .

26

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

If you transfer something, you move it from one place to another.

SOCIAL STUDIES

LESSON 6

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

elevation

employ

establish

innocent

issue

military

profession

property

survey

transfer

A. For each word below, write the vocabulary word that is a synonym. 1. height

_________________________

2. vocation

_________________________

3. start

_________________________

B. Read the vocabulary word. Underline the word that is a synonym. Circle the word that is an antonym. 1. employ

fire

help

hire

2. innocent

innovative

blameless

guilty

3. transfer

move

remain

translate

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

C. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one refers to property?

❐ you’re

❐ yours

❐ you’ll

❐ magazine

❐ questionnaire

❐ insect

❐ armament

2. Which one is a survey?

❐ building 3. Which one is military?

❐ literature

4. Which one is often an election issue?

❐ taxes

❐ stamps

❐ voters

Portfolio Page Imagine that you are a newspaper editor. Write three headlines for stories in the news. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

27

LESSON 6

SOCIAL STUDIES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

elevation

employ

establish

innocent

issue

military

profession

property

survey

transfer

1. Mom established the date of the party. ❐ founded ❐ confirmed

❐ asked

2. The swimmer will employ all her strength in this race. ❐ use ❐ hire

❐ ignore

3. Dad surveyed the messy room. ❐ cleaned

❐ looked over

❐ questioned

4. What is the main property of a diamond? ❐ yard ❐ belonging

❐ characteristic

5. She had the chance for elevation at her job. ❐ advancement ❐ height

❐ elevator

6. The post office will issue new stamps. ❐ topic ❐ recall

❐ make available

B. Write a sentence to answer each question. 1. What profession do you hope to have someday? ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why might it be hard to transfer to another school? ________________________________________________________________________________ C. Many words can be used as more than one part of speech. Write noun or adjective for each vocabulary word. 1. The little girl was such an innocent. _________________________ 2. Was the man innocent or guilty? _________________________ 3. The military uniform looked good on the cadet. _________________________

28

4. The military has a large budget. _________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word or phrase that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence.

LESSON 6

SOCIAL STUDIES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Play the So Is Game. Complete each sentence with a vocabulary word from this lesson.

1. The army is part of the _________________________ and so is the navy. 2. Mt. Everest has a high _________________________ and so does Mt. Kilimanjaro. 3. Shift means “move” and so does _________________________ . 4. Global warming is an _________________________ of public concern and so are endangered animals. 5. The law is a _________________________ and so is teaching. 6. Companies _________________________ many people and so does the government. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

7. Create means “to originate” and so does _________________________ . 8. A poll collects information and so does a _________________________ . 9. Guiltless means _________________________ and so does faultless. 10. A car is someone’s _________________________ and so is a house.

29

LESSON 7

S O C I A L ST U D I E S / G OVE R N M E N T

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

amendment

consent

democracy

diverse

executive

guarantee

judicial

legislative

minority

policy

✱ YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN TALKING ABOUT GOVERNMENT. An amendment is a change for the better. If you consent to something, you agree to it. A democracy is a form of government in which power belongs to the people. Diverse means “varied.” The executive branch of government puts the laws in effect. A guarantee is a promise. The judicial branch of government decides what laws mean. The legislative branch of government makes the laws. A minority is a group numbering less than half of the total.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. The political system of the United States is a _________________________ . 2. Our Constitution _________________________ us certain rights. 3. The president is head of the _________________________ branch. 4. The Supreme Court is part of the _________________________ branch. 5. Congress makes up the _________________________ branch. 6. We can change the Constitution by passing an _________________________ . 7. The government rules by the _________________________ of the people. 8. The government forms _________________________ for dealing with other nations. 9. If a group is a _________________________ , it still has the same rights as others. 10. Because people have come from so many places, the population is _________________________ .

30

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A policy is a course of action that a government takes.

LESSON 7

S O C I A L ST U D I E S / G OVE R N M E N T

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

amendment

consent

democracy

diverse

executive

guarantee

judicial

legislative

minority

policy

A. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is an executive?

❐ shopper

❐ artist

❐ president

2. Which one is a minority?

❐ most

❐ few

❐ all

❐ emperor

❐ czar

❐ representative

❐ lawmaker

❐ lawbreaker

❐ legacy

❐ teacher

❐ judge

❐ senator

3. Which one is in a democracy? 4. Which one is in a legislative body? 5. Which one is judicial?

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read the vocabulary word. Find and circle two other words in that row with similar meanings. 1. consent

convict

assent

concur

content

2. diverse

different

dissimilar

divided

divine

3. amendment

ambush

revision

accident

improvement

4. policy

police

program

pocket

strategy

5. guarantee

pledge

guard

assurance

law

Portfolio Page Write a paragraph about one way in which government affects your life. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

31

LESSON 7

S O C I A L ST U D I E S / G OVE R N M E N T

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

amendment

consent

democracy

diverse

executive

guarantee

judicial

legislative

minority

policy

A. For each word below, write the vocabulary word that is an antonym. 1. majority

_________________________

2. homogenous

_________________________

3. dissent

_________________________

4. renege

_________________________

32

Word

Related Vocabulary Word

Another Related Word

1. politician

_________________________

_________________________

2. judicious

_________________________

_________________________

3. execute

_________________________

_________________________

4. amends

_________________________

_________________________

5. democratic

_________________________

_________________________

6. legislate

_________________________

_________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Write a vocabulary word that is related to each word below. Then, write another word that is related to both words. Use related words you already know or find words in a resource.

LESSON 7

S O C I A L ST U D I E S / G OVE R N M E N T

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Play the Word Clue Game. Write the best vocabulary word for each clue. Use each word only once.

Clues

Vocabulary Words

1. comes from the Greek word polis meaning “city”

2. the branch of government in which a senator works

3. means the same as accede 4. describes the U.S. government 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

5. the chief officer of a government 6. rhymes with warranty 7. can also mean “a period of being under a legal age”

8. comes from the Latin word judex meaning “judge”

9. is related to diversity and diversify 10. The first 10 of these are called the Bill of Rights.

33

LESSON 8

SCIENCE

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

body

convert

distinct

elements

erosion

evolve

formula

function

medical

technical

✱ YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT SCIENCE. A body is the whole of a person, plant, or animal. To convert is to change something into another form. Something that is distinct is separate. All matter is composed of the known 103 elements. Erosion is a gradual wearing away. Evolve means “develop gradually.” A formula is a recipe for doing something. The function of something is its role. Medical refers to the science of medicine.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary to complete each sentence. 1. Heavy rains caused _________________________ on the hillsides. 2. The _________________________ of an insect differs from that of a mammal. 3. One of the _________________________ is oxygen, and another is hydrogen. 4. This flower has five _________________________ petals. 5. When there was a _________________________ emergency, we called an ambulance. 6. You can _________________________ alternating current into direct current. 7. Raki works as a _________________________ assistant at an engineering company. 8. The students learned that an elephant’s trunk has more than one _________________________ . 9. The scientist follows a _________________________ to mix these chemicals. 10. Some parts of this plant have _________________________ over time.

34

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Technical refers to the industrial arts or applied sciences.

LESSON 8

SCIENCE

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

body

convert

distinct

elements

erosion

evolve

formula

function

medical

technical

A. Draw a line from each vocabulary word to match it with a synonym. 1. medical

a. develop

2. convert

b. recipe

3. evolve

c. transform

4. distinct

d. healing

5. formula

e. purpose

6. function

f. clear

B. Read each sentence. Choose the best answer. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. Which one is an element?

❐ gold

❐ golf

❐ goat

2. What causes erosion?

❐ moon

❐ cloud

❐ wind

3. Which one is technical?

❐ oral

❐ digital

❐ annual

4. Which has a body?

❐ category

❐ bobcat

❐ catsup

Portfolio Page Write the introduction to a science fiction story. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

35

LESSON 8

SCIENCE

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

body

convert

distinct

elements

erosion

evolve

formula

function

medical

technical

1. My parents went to a large function.

❐ purpose

❐ event

❐ building

2. The boys grew more excited as their plan evolved.

❐ changed

❐ backfired

❐ unfolded

3. Mom gave the baby her formula.

❐ toy

❐ mixture

❐ plan

4. Helen was in her element as she played the piano.

❐ environment

❐ compound

❐ school

5. The poet has a large body of work.

❐ collection

❐ part

❐ box

B. For each word below, write a vocabulary word that is an antonym. 1. unclear _________________________ 2. construction _________________________ C. Write a vocabulary word that is related to each pair of words below.

36

1. conversion, convertible

_________________________

2. technicality, technician

_________________________

3. medicinal, medication

_________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence.

LESSON 8

SCIENCE

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Complete the puzzle using the vocabulary words from this lesson. 1. comes from the Greek word technikos meaning “skill” 2. a definite plan or method 3. You feed, wash, and dress this everyday. 4. opposite of fuzzy 5. adjective describing professionals who work in a hospital 6. Caused by wind and rain 7. to change gradually over time 8. when you change fractions to decimals 9. job or role 10. Copper is an example.

1. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

2. ____ ____ 3. ____ ____ ____ 4. ____ ____ 5. ____ ____ ____ ____ 6. ____ ____ ____ ____ 7. 8. ____ ____ 9. ____ ____ ____ 10.

T ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ R ____ ____ ____ ____ Y S ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ C ____ ____ I ____ ____ E ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ N ____ ____ ____ ____ C ____ ____ ____ ____ E ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

____ ____

37

LESSON 9

SCIENCE / EXPERIMENTS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

assess

comparison

discovery

evident

investigation

precise

procedure

simulate

solution

valid

✱ YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS. When you assess a result, you examine it critically and estimate its merit. In a comparison, you find likenesses and differences. A discovery is something known for the first time. When something is evident, it is easily seen. An investigation is a careful search. Precise means “exact.” A procedure is a way of doing things. Simulate means “imitate.” A solution is the solving of a problem.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Muriel made a ________________________ between two different leaves. 2. Cora’s objections to the results were based on facts and therefore ________________________ . 3. It was ________________________ to the teacher that some students had made a mistake. 4. The students were expected to give ________________________ answers. 5. When Neva ________________________ her experiment, she felt she had done a good job. 6. Mr. Gomez wrote the ________________________ for students to follow on the board. 7. In his project, Phil tried to ________________________ the results of erosion on sand. 8. For their project, the students did an ________________________ of pollution. 9. Every scientist hopes to make a great ________________________ one day. 10. Lucy explained the ________________________ she arrived at in her experiment.

38

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

If an argument is valid, it is sound.

LESSON 9

SCIENCE / EXPERIMENTS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

assess

comparison

discovery

evident

investigation

precise

procedure

simulate

solution

valid

A. For each word below, write a vocabulary word that is a synonym. 1. evaluate

_________________________

2. inquiry

_________________________

3. pretend

_________________________

B. Read the vocabulary word. Underline the word that is a synonym. Circle the word that is an antonym.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. precise

preliminary

accurate

vague

2. evident

unclear

plain

eventual

3. valid

valuable

ineffective

true

loss

finding

distance

4. discovery

C. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. What is in a comparison?

❐ differences

❐ difficulties

❐ disagreements

2. Which one is a procedure?

❐ guess

❐ plan

❐ rehearsal

3. Which one is a solution?

❐ solitude

❐ answer

❐ problem

Portfolio Page Write about an experiment that you might do involving gravity. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

39

LESSON 9

SCIENCE / EXPERIMENTS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

assess

comparison

discovery

evident

investigation

precise

procedure

simulate

solution

valid

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence. 1. If your book is late, the library will assess a fine.

❐ charge

❐ return

❐ examine

2. Those coupons are out of date and no longer valid.

❐ sound

❐ false

❐ acceptable

3. If you dissolve salt in water, you get a solution.

❐ answer

❐ question

❐ mixture

B. Each of the vocabulary words below has a suffix. Write the base word for each one. Then, use the base word in a sentence.

________________________________________________________________________________ 2. discovery _________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. procedure _________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ C. Underline the best ending for each sentence. 1. A comparison is helpful in _____________ . a. forgetting things

b. understanding things

c. renewing things

2. When something is evident, it is _____________ . a. hidden

b. noticeable

c. eventful

3. If you simulate an event, you try to _____________ . a. simplify it

b. reproduce it

c. eradicate it

4. You need precise directions to _____________ .

40

a. get lost

b. stay safe

c. find places

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. investigation _________________________

LESSON 9

SCIENCE / EXPERIMENTS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Use vocabulary words from this lesson to fill in the map. Then, add other words you know.

Words That Tell What Scientists Do

Words That Name Scientific Things

1. _________________________

3. _________________________

2. _________________________

4. _________________________

_________________________

5. _________________________

_________________________

6. _________________________

_________________________

7. _________________________

____________________

____________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Science

Words That Describe Scientific Things 8. _________________________

_________________________

9. _________________________

_________________________

10. _____________________

_____________________

41

LESSON 10

S T U DY S K I L LS / T E S T S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

analysis

description

evaluate

maintain

mental

paraphrase

refer

reflect

skim

submit

✱ SOME WORDS ARE USEFUL TO KNOW FOR STUDYING AND TEST TAKING. In an analysis, you study the parts of something to determine its nature. A description is a verbal representation of something. When you evaluate something, you judge it. Maintain means “preserve.” Mental refers to the mind. If you paraphrase text, you put it in your own words. Refer means “to turn to.” When you reflect on something, you think about it seriously. To skim is to read quickly.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Emma’s _________________________ of her trip made us feel like we were there. 2. You can _________________________ a page to see if it has the information you need. 3. Be sure to put your name on the test before you _________________________ it. 4. Before answering an essay question, _________________________ on what you want to say. 5. This question asks for an _________________________ of the plot. 6. Although her schedule is full, Zoe tries to _________________________ good study habits. 7. When taking notes, Amy _________________________ the text. 8. You need a good _________________________ attitude for a test. 9. For his book report, Norman will _________________________ a character’s actions. 10. Remember to _________________________ to your notes when studying for a quiz.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

If you submit a paper, you turn it in.

LESSON 10

S T U DY S K I L LS / T E S T S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

analysis

description

evaluate

maintain

mental

paraphrase

refer

reflect

skim

submit

A. Read each pair of words. Write a vocabulary word that has the same or almost the same meaning. 1. deliberate, contemplate

_________________________

2. reword, rephrase

_________________________

3. uphold, sustain

_________________________

4. offer, present

_________________________

5. gauge, judge

_________________________

6. consult, seek

_________________________

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. What can you skim?

❐ avenue

❐ culture

❐ paragraph

2. Which one is mental?

❐ brain

❐ news

❐ metal

3. Which one is an analysis?

❐ question

❐ examination

❐ problem

4. Which one is a description?

❐ betrayal

❐ denial

❐ portrayal

Portfolio Page Describe how you study for a test. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

43

LESSON 10

S T U DY S K I L LS / T E S T S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

analysis

description

evaluate

maintain

mental

paraphrase

refer

reflect

skim

submit

A. For each word below, write a vocabulary word that is an antonym. 1. retrieve

_________________________

2. physical

_________________________

3. neglect

_________________________

1. She skimmed across the ice.

❐ stumbled

❐ glided

❐ wandered

2. The real estate agent evaluated the house.

❐ appraised

❐ repaired

❐ admired

3. The test had questions of every description.

❐ picture

❐ word

❐ kind

4. The teacher referred to Robert Frost.

❐ asked

❐ reviewed

❐ mentioned

5. The mirror reflects her image.

❐ forms

❐ respects

❐ blots out

C. Read the word meaning in each sentence. Then, write the vocabulary word that comes from the Greek word.

44

1. The Greek word paraphrazein means “to show.”

_________________________

2. The Greek word analusis means “a releasing.”

_________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word or phrase that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence.

LESSON 10

S T U DY S K I L LS / T E S T S

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Riddle: What starts with T, ends with T, and is full of T? To answer the riddle, find and shade the spaces with word pairs that are synonyms. evaluate arrange

maintain destroy

prefer refer paraphrase revise

ponder reflect

description summary

analysis paralysis skim glance

submit resend

assess evaluate

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

restate paraphrase

yield submit

cerebral mental

refer consult conserve maintain

renew refer

skim scam examination analysis

metal mental

Answer:

depiction description

__________________________________________________________

reflect redo

45

LESSON 11

ART

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

abstract

appreciate

depict

dimension

illustration

perspective

spatial

technique

unique

variation

✱ YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT ART. Abstract art has forms that are not recognizable. If you appreciate a work of art, you enjoy and understand it. Depict means “show.” A dimension is a measurement. An illustration is a picture. We use perspective to show 3-dimensional objects on flat paper. Spatial means “having to do with space.” Technique is a method of doing something. Unique means “one of a kind.”

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Haley admired the _________________________ on the cover of the book she was reading. 2. At the museum, the students saw some _________________________ art. 3. What kind of art do you _________________________ when you go to a museum? 4. Kevin used several _________________________ of green in his painting. 5. Mrs. Elbert said that each artwork is _________________________ . 6. Kito used _________________________ to show a building in the distance in his picture. 7. Ernesto tried to _________________________ a rhinoceros but found it hard. 8. Working in watercolor requires a different _________________________ than working in oil paint. 9. The _________________________ of the artist’s paintings were huge. 10. To work on a sculpture, Han-su had to think in _________________________ terms.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A variation is a change.

LESSON 11

ART

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

abstract

appreciate

depict

dimension

illustration

perspective

spatial

technique

unique

variation

A. Read the first word in each row. Find and circle another word in that row that is a synonym. 1. variation

consistency

vibrancy

alteration

complication

2. unique

sole

unkind

common

uniform

3. illustration

text

illumination

headline

picture

4. appreciate

approach

apprehend

dislike

admire

5. technique

tendency

procedure

challenge

amateur

6. depict

convey

deport

deposit

compare

7. dimension

dilemma

discussion

division

proportion

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is not abstract?

❐ mysterious

❐ concrete

❐ obscure

2. Which one has perspective?

❐ subject

❐ sculpture

❐ landscape

3. Which one is spatial?

❐ architecture

❐ medicine

❐ teaching

Portfolio Page Write a description of one of your favorite works of art. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

47

LESSON 11

ART

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

abstract

appreciate

depict

dimension

illustration

perspective

spatial

technique

unique

variation

A. The lesson words below have suffixes. Underline the suffix in each word. Then, write a sentence using the word. 1. appreciation _____________________________________________________________________ 2. abstraction _____________________________________________________________________ 3. uniqueness _____________________________________________________________________ 4. spatially ________________________________________________________________________ B. Write a sentence to answer each question.

_________________________________________________________________________________ 2. What are the dimensions of your classroom? _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is your favorite book illustration? _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Why is technique important in art? _________________________________________________________________________________

C. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence.

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1. She performed a variation in the ballet.

❐ solo

❐ change

❐ stunt

2. Dad’s perspective differs from mine.

❐ personality

❐ vista

❐ viewpoint

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. What is something you’d like to depict in a painting?

LESSON 11

ART

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Identify the correct vocabulary word and write it next to its clue. Then, find and circle each word in the puzzle.

C A B S T R A C T B K D V E D Z P W A H L D F A P P R E C

I

A T E

I

I M

R G P S R A D X U P Q E I

L L U S T R A T

I O N

A M G N P W N R J C T S T B Q Y E T

I

B C T Y

Hint: The words can run ACROSS or DOWN.

I

I O M E C W D G K U E O O S P A T

I

A L O I M N

N V U N I Q U E X O Z K L S C H V J H P F L A R F V Z T E C H N I Q U E 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Clues 1. art with unrecognizable forms

__________________________

2. to admire a work of art

__________________________

3. a picture that accompanies text

__________________________

4. relating to the use of space

__________________________

5. singular

__________________________

6. a way of doing something

__________________________

7. a change from the usual thing

__________________________

8. useful in drawing scenery

__________________________

9. to show or describe

__________________________

10. the size of something

__________________________

49

LESSON 12

TIME

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

commence

constant

contemporary

duration

eventually

interval

mature

periodic

previous

temporary

✱ YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU REFER TO TIME. Commence means begin. If something is constant, it remains the same. Contemporary means “current.” The period of time in which something happens is the duration. Eventually means “happening at some future time.” An interval is a period of time between two events. Something that is mature has reached its full growth. Periodic means “happening at regular intervals.” Previous means “at an earlier time.”

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. It will be 30 years before that tree is _________________________ . 2. Walter got a drink of water in the _________________________ between speakers. 3. The _________________________ of Fay’s visit was short. 4. The performance will _________________________ soon. 5. Malik got a _________________________ job before he started college. 6. Carol updated her wardrobe so it was more _________________________ . 7. Cindy scored much higher on this test than she did on the _________________________ one. 8. Felice and Lea are good friends and _________________________ companions. 9. We hope their puppy will calm down _________________________ . 10. During the storm, there were _________________________ bursts of thunder.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

If something is temporary, it is for a limited time.

LESSON 12

TIME

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

commence

constant

contemporary

duration

eventually

interval

mature

periodic

previous

temporary

A. Read the vocabulary word. Underline the word that is a synonym. Circle the word that is an antonym. 1. contemporary

old-fashioned

modern

comfortable

casual

2. previous

preview

prior

devious

following

3. commence

commend

end

start

forget

4. mature

young

motherly

grown

natural

5. temporary

tempered

orderly

limited

permanent

6. constant

continuous

connected

agreeable

inconstant

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is an interval?

❐ break

❐ interview

❐ return

2. Which one is periodic?

❐ perimeter

❐ full moon

❐ first aid

3. Which one is a duration?

❐ team

❐ turn

❐ term

4. Which one is eventually?

❐ equally

❐ timely

❐ ultimately

Portfolio Page Write a description of a storm. Use at least three vocabulary words from the lesson.

51

LESSON 12

TIME

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

commence

constant

contemporary

duration

eventually

interval

mature

periodic

previous

temporary

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word or phrase that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence. Use a dictionary if needed. 1. She is my contemporary.

❐ current friend

❐ same age

❐ older relative

2. This loan has matured.

❐ is due

❐ gotten ripe

❐ grown old

3. There were periodic shouts of laughter from the crowd.

❐ cyclical

❐ constant

❐ occasional

B. The lesson words below have suffixes. Underline the suffix in each word. Then, write a sentence using the word. 1. temporarily

2. commencement _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. previously _________________________________________________________________________________ C. Underline the best ending for each sentence. 1. Knowing the duration of an appointment can help you _____________ . a. waste your time

b. plan your time

c. call time out

2. By studying hard, students can eventually _____________ . a. forget their grades

b. lower their grades

c. improve their grades

3. You might use an interval at a dance to _____________ . a. change clothes

b. get refreshments

c. begin dancing

4. A constant noise during a test is likely to become _____________ .

52

a. distracting

b. amusing

c. welcome

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

_________________________________________________________________________________

LESSON 12

TIME

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read each clue. Write the correct vocabulary word in each set of boxes. Then, write the letters from the shaded boxes in order on the lines below to find the mystery word.

1. intermittent

2. describes an intermission

3. unchanging

4. a length of time

5. not permanent

6. fully grown 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

7. in a future time

8. in an earlier time

9. initiate or inaugurate

10. something happening now

Mystery Word Some of the best time is spent in ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ .

53

LESSON 13

H E A LT H / S A F E T Y

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

external

flexible

injure

internal

normal

persist

prohibit

random

react

stable

✱ YOU USE CERTAIN WORDS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT HEALTH AND SAFETY. Something that is external is outside. Flexible means “easily bent.” If you injure yourself, you cause harm. Something that is internal is inside. Normal means “usual.” If symptoms persist, they last. Prohibit means “forbid.” Something that is random has no pattern or purpose. When you act in response to something, you react.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. The patient’s temperature was _________________________ . 2. Because it is dangerous, the rules _________________________ us from swimming alone. 3. If her cold symptoms _________________________ , Lily will call the doctor. 4. Without an X-ray, the doctor could only see Judy’s _________________________ injuries. 5. The gym teacher demonstrated exercises to make us more _________________________ . 6. Germs spread in a _________________________ way when Myra sneezed. 7. Be careful or you’ll _________________________ yourself with that sharp tool. 8. Arlo’s condition has improved, and he is _________________________ . 9. Your stomach is an _________________________ organ. 10. When the ball comes at her, Ming must _________________________ quickly.

54

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Stable means “steady, safe, or likely to continue.”

LESSON 13

H E A LT H / S A F E T Y

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

external

flexible

injure

internal

normal

persist

prohibit

random

react

stable

A. Read the first word in each row. Circle the other words in the row that have similar meanings.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. random

orderly

chance

haphazard

2. internal

inner

interior

upper

3. stable

enduring

uncertain

permanent

4. persist

persevere

insist

perplex

5. external

excellent

outer

exterior

6. flexible

fleeting

supple

pliable

7. injure

damage

infer

hurt

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which body temperature is normal?

❐ 96.8°F

❐ 100°F

❐ 98.6°F

2. What is prohibited in most places?

❐ smelling

❐ smoking

❐ smiling

3. How do children react to something that hurts?

❐ laugh

❐ clap

❐ cry

Portfolio Page Write a list of health and safety rules that would be useful in your school. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

55

LESSON 13

H E A LT H / S A F E T Y

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

external

flexible

injure

internal

normal

persist

prohibit

random

react

stable

A. Add one of these prefixes to each vocabulary word below. Then, use the new word in a sentence. 1. flexible

ab-

un-

in-

_________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________ 2. normal

_________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________ 3. stable

_________________________

B. The lesson words below have suffixes. Underline the suffix in each word. Then, write a sentence using the word. 1. reaction _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. persistence _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. injury _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. internalize _________________________________________________________________________________

C. Write a vocabulary word that is an antonym for each word below. 1.

planned

______________________

56

2.

internal

________________________

3.

allow

__________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

_________________________________________________________________________________

LESSON 13

H E A LT H / S A F E T Y

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Play the So Is Game. Complete each sentence with a vocabulary word from the lesson.

1. Bendable means _________________________ and so does pliant. 2. A cyclist must be _________________________ on his equipment and so must a skier. 3. Skin is _________________________ and so are fingernails. 4. Sniffles may _________________________ and so may a cough. 5. A sign can _________________________ and so can a gate. 6. A hammer can _________________________ you and so can a saw. 7. Your heart is _________________________ and so is your liver. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

8. Customary means _________________________ and so does habitual. 9. An accident is _________________________ and so is luck. 10. People _________________________ to loud noises and so do animals.

57

LESSON 14

CITIZENSHIP

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

bias

demonstration

indifference

individual

input

participation

reform

resolution

tolerance

voluntary

✱ SOME WORDS ARE USED OFTEN WHEN TALKING ABOUT CITIZENSHIP. A bias is a prejudice. A demonstration is a public display. Indifference is a lack of concern. An individual is a distinct person. Input is information that you add to something. Participation is taking part in something. When you reform something, you correct it. A resolution is a decision. Tolerance is recognizing and respecting others.

Use what you know. Write a vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. When people don’t bother to vote in an election, they show _________________________ . 2. Some people held a _________________________ for better wages. 3. During the meeting Estela showed _________________________ for everyone’s point of view. 4. An important part of democracy is the _________________________ of its citizens. 5. Each _________________________ has certain rights. 6. The committee passed a _________________________ about the issue. 7. Meg helps out in the library on a _________________________ basis. 8. Simon added his _________________________ to the discussion. 9. Dr. Stone is worried about our local government and thinks we need some _________________________ . 10. Milt’s neighbor has a _________________________ against cats because he’s allergic.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Voluntary means “done of your own free will.”

LESSON 14

CITIZENSHIP

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

bias

demonstration

indifference

individual

input

participation

reform

resolution

tolerance

voluntary

A. Read each pair of words. Write a vocabulary word that means the same or almost the same thing. 1. person, someone

_________________________

2. prejudice, influence

_________________________

3. rally, march

_________________________

4. improve, rectify

_________________________

5. insensibility, apathy

_________________________

6. acceptance, openmindedness

_________________________

7. cooperation, collaboration

_________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is input?

❐ damage

❐ data

❐ dawn

2. Which one is a resolution?

❐ plan

❐ plane

❐ plain

3. Which one is voluntary?

❐ illness

❐ mishap

❐ gift

Portfolio Page Write an editorial for a school newspaper about good citizenship in the classroom. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

59

LESSON 14

CITIZENSHIP

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

bias

demonstration

indifference

individual

input

participation

reform

resolution

tolerance

voluntary

A. For each number, read the words. Shade the word in one of the bottom boxes that is an antonym of the word in the top box. 2.

individual group

3.

identity

5.

modesty

review

indifference unconcern

6.

voluntary forced

retain

4.

tolerance unacceptance

reform

welcome

interest

input increase

output

B. The vocabulary words below contain a suffix. Write the base word for each one. Then, use the base word in a sentence. 1. resolution

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 2. participation

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 3. demonstration

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ C. Write a sentence to answer the question. 1. Why might you try to change a bias that someone has? ______________________________

60

________________________________________________________________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1.

LESSON 14

CITIZENSHIP

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

An analogy is a comparison based on how things are related to one another. Decide how the first set of words is related. Then, use the best vocabulary word from this lesson to complete each of these analogies.

Example:

Logical is to reasonable as continuing is to ongoing.

1. Required is to optional as mandatory is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 2. Impartial is to partial as neutral is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 3. Thought is to idea as suggestion is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 4. Team is to group as player is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

5. Preserve is to change as maintain is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 6. Decide is to decision as resolve is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 7. Interest is to concern as disinterest is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 8. Respect is to civility as acceptance is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 9. Disapproval is to protest as objection is to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ . 10. Giving is to contributing as involvement is ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ .

61

LESSON 15

D I S C U SS I O N

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

alter

assure

confer

confirm

engage

explanation

indicate

obvious

positive

probe

✱ SOME WORDS DESCRIBE WHAT HAPPENS IN A DISCUSSION. If you alter something, you change it. Assure means “make free of doubt.” When you confer with others, you talk to them to get information and advice. Confirm means “make certain.” If you engage someone’s attention, you hold it. An explanation is a clarification. To indicate is to point out. Something that is easily understood is obvious. Something that is positive is favorable.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Alonso gave the class an _________________________ of the plans for the school fair. 2. He was pleased because Nan’s response was very _________________________ . 3. However, Jerry wanted to _________________________ the location of the food booth. 4. He _________________________ the class by outlining his reasons. 5. He _________________________ the place where the booth could go. 6. Laura wanted to _________________________ a little more into the idea. 7. Sara _________________________ Jerry that the committee would consider his idea. 8. She and the others _________________________ about the suggestion. 9. It was _________________________ to them that Jerry had a good point. 10. Finally, they _________________________ that the change would be made.

62

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

If you probe, you examine.

LESSON 15

D I S C U SS I O N

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

alter

assure

confer

confirm

engage

explanation

indicate

obvious

positive

probe

A. Read each pair words. Write a vocabulary word that means the same or almost the same thing. 1. evident, clear

_________________________

2. attract, hold

_________________________

3. ensure, guarantee

_________________________

4. affirmative, good

_________________________

5. examine, question

_________________________

6. consult, discuss

_________________________

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. What might you confirm?

❐ applause

❐ appointment

❐ apple

2. Which one indicates?

❐ sparrow

❐ root

❐ arrow

3. Which is an explanation?

❐ amount

❐ account

❐ fountain

4. What might you alter?

❐ belief

❐ beneath

❐ relief

Portfolio Page Write a dialogue for a discussion about a class event. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

63

LESSON 15

D I S C U SS I O N

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

alter

assure

confer

confirm

engage

explanation

indicate

obvious

positive

probe

A. Add one of these prefixes to each vocabulary word below. Then, use the new word in a sentence. 1. engage

re-

dis-

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 2. assure

_________________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 3. confirm

_________________________

B. Underline the best ending for each sentence. 1. To indicate their current location, the guide ______ . a. pointed to the map

b. drove to the national park

c. asked for directions

2. Justina provided an explanation because her classmates were ______ . a. excited

b. confused

c. bored

3. The workers needed to confer with the manager to ______ . a. choose a favorite sports team

b. have lunch

c. find out details about the project

4. Because two extra guests showed up for the party, he had to alter ______ . a. the curtains

b. the table setting

c. the invitation

C. Write a vocabulary word that is an antonym for each word below. 1.

negative

________________________

64

2.

hidden

________________________

3.

ignore

________________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

________________________________________________________________________________

D I S C U SS I O N

LESSON 15

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Then, complete the puzzle using vocabulary words from this lesson.

Across

Down

1. engross

2. convince

5. adjust or change

3. something that answers questions

8. point out

4. discuss

9. favorable

6. verify

10. investigate

1

7. apparent

3

2

4

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

5 6 7

8

9 10

65

LESSON 16

VERBS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

collapse

contact

dedicate

emerge

equip

inherit

insert

occupy

resist

unify

✱ A VERB IS A WORD THAT SHOWS ACTION IN A SENTENCE. THESE ACTION VERBS ARE USEFUL TO KNOW IN SCHOOL.

If things collapse, they cave in. To contact is to get in touch with. If you dedicate yourself to something, you commit to it. Emerge means “come into view.” When you supply what is needed for something, you equip for that purpose. To inherit is to receive something from someone else. If you insert a sentence into a paragraph, you put it in. If you occupy something, you are in it. When you resist, you don’t give in.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Paula will _________________________ everyone by phone. 2. Rod hopes to _________________________ his brother’s bike when he is older. 3. The clerk helped _________________________ us for the campout. 4. Blaine _________________________ the tempting sweets. 5. The sand castle _________________________ when the waves hit it. 6. Two people cannot _________________________ the same chair. 7. Hans plans to _________________________ himself to swimming this summer. 8. After the argument, the coach tried to _________________________ the members of the team. 9. When the cuckoo clock strikes the hour, a bird will _________________________ . 10. To open the door, _________________________ the key in the lock and turn it.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Unify means “unite.”

LESSON 16

VERBS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

collapse

contact

dedicate

emerge

equip

inherit

insert

occupy

resist

unify

A. Draw a line from each vocabulary word to match it with a synonym. 1. dedicate

a. fall

2. emerge

b. provide

3. equip

c. withstand

4. resist

d. add

5. occupy

e. devote

6. collapse

f. inhabit

7. insert

g. appear

8. unify

h. consolidate

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one would you contact?

❐ stranger

❐ foe

❐ friend

2. Which one do people usually inherit?

❐ sleep

❐ money

❐ habitat

Portfolio Page Write a paragraph about an extracurricular activity that you enjoy at school. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

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LESSON 16

VERBS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

collapse

contact

dedicate

emerge

equip

inherit

insert

occupy

resist

unify

A. Many words can be used as more than one part of speech. Circle noun or verb for each word. 1. The collapse of the tent created problems for us.

noun

verb

2. Kali will collapse her umbrella when the rain stops.

noun

verb

3. Mrs. Ross still has to contact us about the school trip.

noun

verb

4. He is our contact in case of emergency.

noun

verb

1. The team resisted the attack.

❐ invited

2. She dedicated the book to her daughter. ❐ gave

❐ opposed

❐ permitted

❐ opened

❐ addressed

❐ withdrew

❐ attracted notice

❐ inhabit

❐ take over

3. Alice emerged as a strong batter.

❐ entered 4. What do you do to occupy your time? ❐ fill C. Write a sentence to answer each question. 1. Why might you insert words into a report?

_________________________________________________________________________________ 2. How would you equip your family for a hike? _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What would be a reason to try to unify two groups? _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What is a characteristic that you have inherited? _________________________________________________________________________________

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word or phrase that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence.

LESSON 16

VERBS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Read the clues. Complete the puzzle using the vocabulary words from this lesson. 1. say “no” 2. take up space 3. appear 4. furnish 5. commit 6. fall apart 7. receive someone’s possessions 8. bring together 9. get in touch with 10. add something in 1. ____ ____ 2. 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

3. ____ 4. 5. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 6. 7. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 8. ____ ____ 9. ____ 10. ____

S ____ ____ ____ O ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ M ____ ____ ____ ____ E ____ ____ ____ ____ A ____ ____ C ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ T I ____ ____ O ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ N ____ ____ ____ ____

____

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LESSON 17

ADJECTIVES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

authentic

definite

dramatic

fundamental

general

identical

indirect

legendary

remarkable

secure

✱ AN ADJECTIVE IS A WORD THAT MODIFIES A NOUN OR PRONOUN. If something is authentic, it is the real thing. Something that is definite is clearly defined. Dramatic refers to something with drama. Fundamental means “basic.” Something that is general is true in most cases. Identical things are exactly alike. When something is indirect, it is not straightforward. Someone or something legendary is famous. Something that is remarkable is worthy of notice.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Have you noticed that the socks in a pair are _________________________ ? 2. The light hits the painting at an _________________________ angle. 3. Ms. Lanza gave us a _________________________ time to arrive for the surprise party. 4. Mr. Cruz’s delicious, homemade jams are _________________________. 5. When Brian saw the old coin, he wondered if it was _________________________ . 6. The bus driver made sure that the students were _________________________ in their seatbelts. 7. Alice made a _________________________ entrance on the stage. 8. We began by learning some _________________________ things about rock climbing. 9. The story she wrote is quite _________________________ for her age. 10. In _________________________, the class didn’t have homework over the weekend.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Secure means “free from danger.”

LESSON 17

ADJECTIVES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

authentic

definite

dramatic

fundamental

general

identical

indirect

legendary

remarkable

secure

A. Read the first word in each row. Underline the word in that row that is a synonym. Circle the word that is an antonym. 1. dramatic

bland

dangerous

theatrical

2. secure

safe

loose

threatened

3. definite

curious

vague

precise

4. identical

regular

same

dissimilar

5. indirect

slanted

straight

unreasonable

6. fundamental

unnecessary

elementary

wealthy

7. remarkable

extraordinary

renewable

uninteresting

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Read each sentence. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is legendary?

❐ usher

❐ stagehand

❐ star

2. Which one is general?

❐ typical

❐ unusual

❐ magical

3. Which one is authentic?

❐ copy

❐ original

❐ imitation

Portfolio Page Write an ad for a new school product. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

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LESSON 17

ADJECTIVES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

authentic

definite

dramatic

fundamental

general

identical

indirect

legendary

remarkable

secure

A. Add one of these suffixes to the vocabulary words below. Then, use each new word in a sentence. 1. secure

-ity

-ion

_________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________ 2. authentic

_________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________ 3. definite

_________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

1. Someone who makes a dramatic entrance wants _____________ . a. inattention

b. suggestions

c. recognition

2. General admission to a show is usually for _____________ . a. everyone

b. children

c. seniors

3. When two people are identical, they are _____________ . a. cousins

b. twins

c. friends

4. If you travel by an indirect route, the trip will be _____________ . a. shorter

b. faster

c. longer

5. If you don’t learn the fundamental rules of a game, you will _____________ . a. win the game

b. make mistakes

c. score points

6. When you do something remarkable, it often brings _____________ . a. approval

b. dissent

c. relaxation

7. When someone is legendary, that person is usually _____________ . a. forgotten

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b. average

c. outstanding

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Underline the best ending for each sentence.

LESSON 17

ADJECTIVES

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Play the Word Clue Game. Write the best vocabulary word for each clue. Use each word only once.

Clues

Vocabulary Words

1. is a synonym for genuine 2. is the opposite of specific 3. has the word mental in it 4. from the Latin word identicus meaning “identity” 180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

5. can mean “exact” 6. begins with a prefix that means “not” 7. is related to drama and dramatize 8. is an antonym for endangered 9. can mean “uncommon” 10. means “famous”

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LESSON 18

NOUNS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

authority

development

ideal

influence

output

phase

proposal

scope

structure

target

✱ A NOUN IS A WORD THAT NAMES A PERSON, PLACE, OR THING. THESE NOUNS ARE USEFUL TO KNOW IN SCHOOL.

Authority is the power to do something. A development is something that has happened or unfolded. An ideal is a model of perfection. Influence is the ability to make things happen. Output is something that is produced. A phase is a stage in a process. A proposal is an offer. The scope of something is its range. A structure is something that has been built.

Use what you know. Write the best vocabulary word to complete each sentence. 1. Dad made a _________________________ for a family outing. 2. The customer used his _________________________ to get good seats at the restaurant. 3. They are in the first _________________________ of building a house. 4. Sonia has high _________________________ and tries to live up to them. 5. The ranger has the _________________________ to make sure rules are followed in the park. 6. The _________________________ of this project is enormous. 7. Damon’s _________________________ is the result of hard work. 8. That bridge is an imposing _________________________ . 9. Mr. Clancy had a _________________________ of getting 20 new customers a week at his store. 10. Harriet was surprised to read the new _________________________ in the mystery.

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180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

A target is something you aim for.

LESSON 18

NOUNS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

authority

development

ideal

influence

output

phase

proposal

scope

structure

target

A. Read the first word in each row. Circle the other words in that row with similar meanings.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1. proposal

suggestion

plan

proof

2. phase

phrase

stage

step

3. scope

breadth

extent

scuba

4. influence

instruction

impression

effect

5. target

arrow

goal

intention

6. authority

power

jurisdiction

author

7. ideal

idleness

standard

model

8. development

device

evolution

outcome

B. Read each question. Choose the best answer. 1. Which one is an output?

❐ outsider

❐ product

❐ ingredient

2. Which one is a structure?

❐ tower

❐ garden

❐ beach

Portfolio Page Write a news article about a new building in your community. Use at least three vocabulary words from this lesson.

75

LESSON 18

NOUNS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

authority

development

ideal

influence

output

phase

proposal

scope

structure

target

A. Some words have more than one meaning. Choose the word that gives the best meaning for the vocabulary word as it’s used in each sentence. 1. The computer produced some interesting output.

❐ information

❐ problems

❐ energy

2. The scientist studied the microbe through a scope.

❐ telescope

❐ periscope

❐ microscope

1. Jessica tried to influence her dad’s decision.

noun

verb

adjective

2. The mayor’s influence helped get the law passed.

noun

verb

adjective

3. We will target Monday for our departure.

noun

verb

adjective

4. What is our target for the fundraising?

noun

verb

adjective

5. The company is going to phase out this model.

noun

verb

adjective

6. Kent took notes during the first phase of the lecture.

noun

verb

adjective

7. They discussed how to structure the deal.

noun

verb

adjective

8. Our school is a large structure.

noun

verb

adjective

9. Always being honest is an ideal Brenda holds.

noun

verb

adjective

noun

verb

adjective

10. He is the ideal brother.

C. Each of the lesson words below has a suffix. Write the base word for each. 1.

development

_______________________

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2.

authority

_______________________

3.

proposal

_______________________

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

B. Many words can be used as more than one part of speech. Circle noun, verb, or adjective for each vocabulary word.

LESSON 18

NOUNS

Name _______________________________________________________________ Date ________________

Complete a chain for each word. In each circle, write a word that is related to the word just before it. An example is done for you.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

1.

target

2.

ideal

3.

scope

4.

authority

5.

influence

6.

output

7.

phase

8.

proposal

9.

structure

aim

work

struggle

success

10. development

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NOUNS

abbreviation, p. 14 abstract, p. 46 acquire, p. 18 acronym, p. 18 alter, p. 62 amendment, p. 30 analogy, p. 10 analysis, p. 42 appreciate, p. 46 assess, p. 38 asset, p. 22 assure, p. 62 authentic, p. 70 authority, p. 74 bias, p. 58 body, p. 34 cite, p. 18 clarify, p. 14 classic, p. 10 collapse, p. 66 commence, p. 50 comparison, p. 38 composition, p. 14 compound, p. 14 compute, p. 22 confer, p. 62 confirm, p. 62 consent, p. 30 constant, p. 50 contact, p. 66 contemporary, p. 50 contrast, p. 18 convert, p. 34 convince, p. 14 credit, p. 22 dedicate, p. 66 definite, p. 70 democracy, p. 30 demonstration, p. 58 depict, p. 46 description, p. 42 development, p. 74 diction, p. 10 dimension, p. 46 discipline, p. 6 discovery, p. 38 distinct, p. 34

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diverse, p. 30 dramatic, p. 70 duration, p. 50 elements, p. 34 elevation, p. 26 emerge, p. 66 employ, p. 26 engage, p. 62 enroll, p. 6 equip, p. 66 erosion, p. 34 essential, p. 6 establish, p. 26 evaluate, p. 42 eventually, p. 50 evident, p. 38 evolve, p. 34 examine, p. 18 excerpt, p. 18 executive, p. 30 explanation, p. 62 expository, p. 18 external, p. 54 figurative, p. 10 finance, p. 22 flexible, p. 54 foreshadow, p. 10 formula, p. 34 function, p. 34 fund, p. 22 fundamental, p. 70

inherit, p. 66 injure, p. 54 innocent, p. 26 input, p. 58 insert, p. 66 insight, p. 10 inspiration, p. 14 integrate, p. 6 intermediate, p. 6 internal, p. 54 interval, p. 50 introduction, p. 10 inventory, p. 22 invest, p. 22 investigation, p. 38 issue, p. 26

profession, p. 26 prohibit, p. 54 promote, p. 6 property, p. 26 proposal, p. 74

judicial, p. 30

scarce, p. 22 scope, p. 74 section, p. 6 secure, p. 70 simulate, p. 38 skim, p. 42 solution, p. 38 spatial, p. 46 specific, p. 14 stable, p. 54 statement, p. 18 structure, p. 74 submit, p. 42 supervise, p. 6 survey, p. 26

legendary, p. 70 legislative, p. 30 maintain, p. 42 mature, p. 50 medical, p. 34 mental, p. 42 military, p. 26 minimum, p. 22 minority, p. 30 modify, p. 14 motive, p. 10 narrative, p. 10 normal, p. 54

general, p. 70 glossary, p. 18 guarantee, p. 30

obvious, p. 62 occupy, p. 66 output, p. 74

header, p. 14

paraphrase, p. 42 participation, p. 58 periodic, p. 50 persist, p. 54 perspective, p. 46 phase, p. 74 policy, p. 30 positive, p. 62 precise, p. 38 previous, p. 50 probe, p. 62 procedure, p. 38

ideal, p. 74 identical, p. 70 illustration, p. 46 income, p. 22 indicate, p. 62 indifference, p. 58 indirect, p. 70 individual, p. 58 infer, p. 10 influence, p. 74 information, p. 6

random, p. 54 react, p. 54 refer, p. 42 reflect, p. 42 reform, p. 58 remarkable, p. 70 rephrase, p. 18 resist, p. 66 resolution, p. 58 revision, p. 14

target, p. 74 technical, p. 34 technique, p. 46 temporary, p. 50 tolerance, p. 58 transfer, p. 26 translation, p. 6 unify, p. 66 unique, p. 46 valid, p. 38 variation, p. 46 voluntary, p. 58

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

WO R D L I S T

ANSWERS

NONS

LESSON 1 Page 6: 1. intermediate 2. essential 3. enroll 4. translation 5. sections 6. discipline 7. information 8. integrate 9. supervise 10. promote Page 7: A. 1.enlist, register 2. fundamental, indispensable 3. part, portion 4. control, oversee 5. unify, consolidate 6. data, knowledge 7. progress, advance B. 1. middle 2. express 3. training Page 8: A. 1.–5. Sentences will vary. 1. supervision 2. translator 3. intermediary 4. enrollment 5. integration B. 1.–5. Sentences will vary. Page 9: 1. essential 2. intermediate 3. section 4. discipline 5. promote 6. information 7. translation 8. integrate 9. supervise 10. enroll LESSON 2 Page 10: 1. classics 2. figurative 3. motive 4. insight 5. analogy 6. introduction 7. narrative 8. diction 9. infer 10. foreshadowed Page 11: A. 1. diction 2. foreshadow 3. infer 4. insight 5. introduction 6. motive B. 1. past 2. fanciful 3. similarity 4. storybook Page 12: A. 1. analogy 2. diction 3. infer 4. insight B. 1. figurative 2. introduction C. 1.–4. Sentences will vary. Page 13: 1. narrative 2. motive 3. classic 4. diction 5. infer 6. analogy 7. introduction 8. foreshadow 9. figurative 10. insight

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

LESSON 3 Page 14: 1. convince 2. inspiration 3. abbreviation 4. compound 5. composition 6. header 7. modifies 8. revision 9. clarify 10. specific Page 15: A. 1. e 2. d 3. g 4. b 5. f 6. c 7. a B. 1. top 2. classroom 3. meaning Page 16: A. 1. dissuade 2. footer 3. confuse 4. vague 5. simple 6. preserve B. 1.–4. Sentences will vary. 1. inspire 2. abbreviate 3. revise 4. compose Page 17: 1. clarify 2. revision 3. composition 4. modify 5. compound 6. convince 7. abbreviation 8. specific 9. header 10. inspiration; Mystery Word: communicate. LESSON 4 Page 18: 1. expository 2. statement 3. rephrases 4. examine 5. glossary 6. contrast 7. excerpts 8. acronym 9. cited 10. acquired Page 19: A. 1. get, obtain 2. study, observe 3. restate, reword 4. vary, differ 5. informative, revelatory B. 1. declarative 2. modem 3. passage 4. dictionary 5. accuracy Page 20: A. 1. record 2. honored 3. questioned B. 1. noun 2. verb 3. verb 4. noun C. 1.–5. Sentences will vary. Page 21: 1. expository 2. glossary 3. examine 4. statement 5. acronym 6. excerpt 7. cite 8. acquire 9. rephrase 10. contrast LESSON 5 Page 22: 1. fund 2. scarce 3. asset 4. credit 5. computed 6. inventory 7. invest 8. income 9. minimum 10. finance Page 23: A. 1. scarce 2. compute 3. asset 4. minimum 5. income 6. inventory B. 1. to gain 2. charge 3. savings 4. money Page 24: A. 1. maximum, minimum 2. debit, credit 3. plentiful, scarce 4. expenses, income 5. invest, divest 6. liability, asset B. 1. supply 2. pay for C. 1. c 2. b Page 25: Across: 2. fund 6. inventory 7. income 8. finance

10. compute Down: 1. invest 3. minimum 4. credit 5. scarce 9. asset LESSON 6 Page 26: 1. innocent 2. military 3. elevation 4. transferred 5. established 6. employ 7. survey 8. issues 9. property 10. profession Page 27: A. 1. elevation 2. profession 3. establish B. 1. synonym—hire; antonym—fire 2. synonym—blameless; antonym—guilty 3. synonym— move; antonym—remain C. 1. yours 2. questionnaire 3. armament 4. taxes Page 28: A. 1. confirmed 2. use 3. looked over 4. characteristic 5. advancement 6. make available B. 1.–2. Sentences will vary. C. 1. noun 2. adjective 3. adjective 4. noun Page 29: 1. military 2. elevation 3. transfer 4. issue 5. profession 6. employ 7. establish 8. survey 9. innocent 10. property LESSON 7 Page 30: 1. democracy 2. guarantees 3. executive 4. judicial 5. legislative 6. amendment 7. consent 8. policies 9. minority 10. diverse Page 31: A. 1. president 2. few 3. representative 4. lawmaker 5. judge B. 1. assent, concur 2. different, dissimilar 3. revision, improvement 4. program, strategy 5. pledge, assurance Page 32: A. 1. minority 2. diverse 3. consent 4. guarantee B. (Possible answers are provided for Another Related Word) 1. policy, politics 2. judicial, judiciary 3. executive, executor 4. amendment, amend 5. democracy, democrat 6. legislative, legislator Page 33: 1. policy 2. legislative 3. consent 4. democracy 5. executive 6. guarantee 7. minority 8. judicial 9. diverse 10. amendment(s) LESSON 8 Page 34: 1. erosion 2. body 3. elements 4. distinct 5. medical 6. convert 7. technical 8. function 9. formula 10. evolved Page 35: A. 1. d 2. c 3. a 4. f 5. b 6. e B. 1. gold 2. wind 3. digital 4. bobcat Page 36: A. 1. event 2. unfolded 3. mixture 4. environment 5. collection B. 1. distinct 2. erosion C. 1. convert 2. technical 3. medical Page 37: 1. technical 2. formula 3. body 4. distinct 5. medical 6. erosion 7. evolve 8. convert 9. function 10. element LESSON 9 Page 38: 1. comparison 2. valid 3. evident 4. precise 5. assessed 6. procedure 7. simulate 8. investigation 9. discovery 10. solution Page 39: A. 1. assess 2. investigation 3. simulate B. 1. synonym—accurate; antonym—vague 2. synonym—plain; antonym—unclear 3. synonym—true; antonym—ineffective 4. synonym— finding; antonym—loss C. 1. differences 2. plan 3. answer Page 40: A. 1. charge 2. acceptable 3. mixture B. 1.–3. Sentences will vary. 1. investigate 2. discover 3. proceed C. 1. b 2. b 3. b 4. c Page 41: 1. assess 2. simulate 3. comparison 4. discovery 5. investigation 6. procedure 7. solution 8. evident 9. precise 10. valid LESSON 10 Page 42: 1. description 2. skim 3. submit 4. reflect 5. analysis 6. maintain 7. paraphrases 8. mental

79

NONS

9. evaluate 10. refer Page 43: A. 1. reflect 2. paraphrase 3. maintain 4. submit 5. evaluate 6. refer B. 1. paragraph 2. brain 3. examination 4. portrayal Page 44: A. 1. submit 2. mental 3. maintain B. 1. glided 2. appraised 3. kind 4. mentioned 5. forms C. 1. paraphrase 2. analysis Page 45: Riddle answer: teapot. Synonym pairs: skim, glance; ponder, reflect; assess, evaluate; yield, submit; refer, consult; restate, paraphrase; conserve, maintain; cerebral, mental; examination, analysis; depiction, description LESSON 11 Page 46: 1. illustration 2. abstract 3. appreciate 4. variations 5. unique 6. perspective 7. depict 8. technique 9. dimensions 10. spatial Page 47: A. 1. alteration 2. sole 3. picture 4. admire 5. procedure 6. convey 7. proportion B. 1. concrete 2. landscape 3. architecture Page 48: A. 1.–4. Sentences will vary. 1. appreciation 2. abstraction 3. uniqueness 4. spatially B. 1.–4. Sentences will vary. C. 1. solo 2. viewpoint Page 49: 1. abstract 2. appreciate 3. illustration 4. spatial 5. unique 6. technique 7. variation 8. perspective 9. depict 10. dimension LESSON 12 Page 50: 1. mature 2. interval 3. duration 4. commence 5. temporary 6. contemporary 7. previous 8. constant 9. eventually 10. periodic Page 51: A. 1. synonym— modern; antonym—old-fashioned 2. synonym—prior; antonym—following 3. synonym—start; antonym—end 4. synonym—grown; antonym—young 5. synonym— limited; antonym—permanent 6. synonym—continuous; antonym—inconstant B. 1. break 2. full moon 3. term 4. ultimately Page 52: A. 1. same age 2. is due 3. occasional B. 1.–3. Sentences will vary. 1. temporarily 2. commencement 3. previously C. 1. b 2. c 3. b 4. a Page 53: 1. periodic 2. interval 3. constant 4. duration 5. temporary 6. mature 7. eventually 8. previous 9. commence 10. contemporary; Mystery Word: recreation LESSON 13 Page 54: 1. normal 2. prohibit 3. persist 4. external 5. flexible 6. random 7. injure 8. stable 9. internal 10. react Page 55: A. 1. chance, haphazard 2. inner, interior 3. enduring, permanent 4. persevere, insist 5. outer, exterior 6. supple, pliable 7. damage, hurt B. 1. 98.6°F 2. smoking 3. cry Page 56: A. 1.–3. Sentences will vary. 1. inflexible 2. abnormal 3. unstable B. 1.–4. Sentences will vary. 1. reaction 2. persistence 3. injury 4. internalize C. 1. random 2. external 3. prohibit Page 57: 1. flexible 2. stable 3. external 4. persist 5. prohibit 6. injure 7. internal 8. normal 9. random 10. react LESSON 14 Page 58: 1. indifference 2. demonstration 3. tolerance 4. participation 5. individual 6. resolution 7. voluntary 8. input 9. reform 10. bias Page 59: A. 1. individual 2. bias

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3. demonstration 4. reform 5. indifference 6. tolerance 7. participation B. 1. data 2. plan 3. gift Page 60: A. 1. group 2. retain 3. unacceptance 4. interest 5. forced 6. output B. 1.–3. Sentences will vary. 1. resolve 2. participate 3. demonstrate C. Sentences will vary. Page 61: 1. voluntary 2. biased 3. input 4. individual 5. reform 6. resolution 7. indifference 8. tolerance 9. demonstration 10. participation LESSON 15 Page 62: 1. explanation 2. positive 3. alter 4. engaged 5. indicated 6. probe 7. assured 8. conferred 9. obvious 10. confirmed Page 63: A. 1. obvious 2. engage 3. assure 4. positive 5. probe 6. confer B. 1. appointment 2. arrow 3. account 4. belief Page 64: A. 1.–3. Sentences will vary. 1. disengage 2. reassure 3. reconfirm B. 1. a 2. b 3. c 4. b C. 1. positive 2. obvious 3. probe Page 65: Across: 1. engage 5. alter 8. indicate 9. positive 10. probe Down: 2. assure 3. explanation 4. confer 6. confirm 7. obvious LESSON 16 Page 66: 1. contact 2. inherit 3. equip 4. resisted 5. collapsed 6. occupy 7. dedicate 8. unify 9. emerge 10. insert Page 67: A. 1. e 2. g 3. b 4. c 5. f 6. a 7. d 8. h B. 1. friend 2. money Page 68: A. 1. noun 2. verb 3. verb 4. noun B. 1. opposed 2. addressed 3. attracted notice 4. fill C. 1.–4. Sentences will vary. Page 69: 1. resist 2. occupy 3. emerge 4. equip 5. dedicate 6. collapse 7. inherit 8. unify 9. contact 10. insert LESSON 17 Page 70: 1. identical 2. indirect 3. definite 4. legendary 4. authentic 6. secure 7. dramatic 8. fundamental 9. remarkable 10. general Page 71: A. 1. synonym— theatrical; antonym—bland 2. synonym—safe; antonym— threatened 3. synonym—precise; antonym—vague 4. synonym—same; antonym—dissimilar 5. synonym— slanted; antonym—straight 6. synonym—elementary; antonym—unnecessary 7. synonym—extraordinary; antonym—uninteresting B. 1. star 2. typical 3. original Page 72: A. 1.–3. Sentences will vary. 1. security 2. authenticity 3. definition B. 1. c 2. a 3. b 4. c 5. b 6. a 7. c Page 73: 1. authentic 2. general 3. fundamental 4. identical 5. definite 6. indirect 7. dramatic 8. secure 9. remarkable 10. legendary LESSON 18 Page 74: 1. proposal 2. influence 3. phase 4. ideals 5. authority 6. scope 7. output 8. structure 9. target 10. development Page 75: A. 1. suggestion, plan 2. stage, step 3. breadth, extent 4. impression, effect 5. goal, intention 6. power, jurisdiction 7. standard, model 8. evolution, outcome B. 1. product 2. tower Page 76: A. 1. information 2. microscope B. 1. verb 2. noun 3. verb 4. noun 5. verb 6. noun 7. verb 8. noun 9. noun 10. adjective C. 1. develop 2. author 3. propose Page 77: Answers will vary.

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 5th Grade © 2009 by Linda Ward Beech, Scholastic Teaching Resources

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Research shows that some of the most effective words students can learn are academic vocabulary. Knowing these words boosts students' ability to understand and complete classroom work, homework assignments, standardized tests, and more. Each of these 18 ready-to-reproduce, 4-page lessons gives students multiple encounters with the new words to help kids really remember them. Also includes writing prompts and engaging activities.

Research shows that some of the most effective words students can learn are academic vocabulary. Knowing these words boosts students' ability to understand and complete classroom work, homework assignments, standardized tests, and more. Each of these 18 ready-to-reproduce, 4-page lessons gives students multiple encounters with the new words to help kids really remember them. Also includes writing prompts and engaging activities.

Product Details

  • Item #:NTS519369
  • ISBN13:9780545193696
  • Format:eBook
  • File Format:pdf
  • Grades:4

180 Essential Vocabulary Words for 4th Grade

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Learn 180 Essential English Words with Brain Staurt - 브라이언샘의강의 I Reading for Vocabulary WORD B Full

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Essential words 180 vocabulary

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Learn 180 Essential English Words with Brian Staurt - 브라이언 선생님의 명품 영단어 강의 - 기초 중요 영어 단어 I RV C Full

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