When you have found a deck you like or entered some notes in, it’s time to start studying.
Study in Anki is limited to the currently selected deck as well as any subdecks it contains.
On the decks screen, your decks will be displayed in a list. There are three columns. 'New' is the number of new cards that are ready to be learnt that day. The second column shows the number of cards currently in learning. 'Due' is the count of waiting reviews.
When you click on a deck, it will become the 'current deck', and Anki will change to the study screen. You can return to the deck list to change the currently selected deck at any time by clicking on “Decks” at the top of the main window. (You can also use the Study Deck action in the menu to select a new deck from the keyboard, or you can press the ‘s’ key to study the currently selected deck.)
You can click the gears button to the right of a deck to rename or delete a deck, change its options, or export it.
With the v1 scheduler, when a deck has subdecks, the cards will appear from each deck in turn.
With the v2 scheduler, when a deck has subdecks, reviews are taken from all children decks at once. The review limit of the child decks is ignored - only the limit of the deck you clicked on applies.
With the v3 scheduler each child deck's limit is also enforced, and you do not need to see the cards in deck order either. See the deck options section of the manual for more information.
After clicking on a deck to study, you’ll see a screen that shows you how many cards are due today. This is called the 'deck overview' screen. The cards are split into three types:
New refers to cards that you have downloaded or entered in, but have never been studied before.
Learning refers to cards that were seen for the first time recently, and are still being learnt.
To Review refers to cards that were previously learnt, and now need to be reviewed so you don’t forget them.
To start a study session, click the Study Now button. Anki will proceed to show you cards until the cards to be shown for the day have run out.
While studying, you can return to the overview by pressing the “s” key on your keyboard.
When a card is shown, only the question is shown at first. After thinking about the answer, either click the Show Answer button, or press the spacebar. The answer will then be shown. It’s okay if it takes you a little while to recall the answer, but as a general rule if you can’t answer within about 10 seconds, it’s probably better to give up and show the answer than keep struggling to remember.
When the answer is shown, you should compare the answer you thought of with the answer which is shown and tell Anki how well you remembered. If you don’t trust yourself to compare your answer accurately, you can ask Anki to prompt you to type in the answer rather than just showing it to you.
When learning new cards, or when relearning cards that you have forgotten, Anki will show you the cards one or more times to help you memorize them. Each time is called a 'learning step'. By default there are two steps: 1 minute and 10 minutes. You can change the number of steps and the delays between them in the deck options.
There are four rating buttons when learning:
Again moves the card back to the first step.
Hard repeats the current step after the first step, and is the average of Again and Good on the first step.
Good moves the card to the next step. If the card was on the final step, the card is converted into a review card (it 'graduates'). By default, once the card has reached the end of the learning steps, the card will be shown again the next day, then at increasingly long delays (see the next section).
Easy immediately converts the card into a review card, even if there were steps remaining. By default, the card will be shown again 4 days later, and then at increasingly long delays. In the v1 scheduler, the "Easy" button will not be shown if you are in relearning mode as it would give the same interval as “Good.” With the v2 scheduler+, when cards are in relearning, the "Easy" button boosts the interval by 1 day.
When cards are seen for the first time, they start at step one. This means answering Good on a card for the first time will show it one more time in 10 minutes, and the initial 1 minute step will be skipped. If you push Again, though, the card will come back in 1 minute.
You can use the , , and keys on your keyboard to select a particular button, where is Again. Pressing the spacebar will select Good.
If there are no other cards to show you, Anki will show learning cards again even if their delay has not elapsed completely. If you’d prefer to wait the full learning delay, you can change this behaviour in the preferences.
When a card has been previously learnt and is ready to be reviewed again, there are four buttons to rate your answer:
Again marks your answer as incorrect and asks Anki to show the card more frequently in the future. The card is said to have 'lapsed'. Please see the lapses section for more information about how lapsed reviews are handled.
Hard shows the card at a slightly longer delay than last time, and tells Anki to show the card more frequently in the future.
Good tells Anki that the last delay was about right, and the card easiness doesn’t need to be adjusted down or up. At the default starting easiness, the card will be shown again approximately 2 1/2 times longer than the previous time, so if you had waited 10 days to see the card previously, the next delay would be about 25 days.
Easy tells Anki you found the delay too short. The card will be scheduled further into the future than 'Good', and Anki will schedule the card less frequently in the future. Because 'Easy' rapidly increases the delay, it’s best used for only the easiest of cards. Usually you should find yourself answering 'Good' instead.
As with learning cards, you can use , , and on the keyboard to select an answer. Pressing the will select 'Good'.
See Deck Options and the FAQ to learn more about how the algorithm works.
Due Counts and Fuzz Factor
When only the question is shown, Anki shows three numbers like 12 + 34 + 56 at the bottom of the screen. These represent the new cards, cards in learning, and cards to review. If you’d prefer not to see the numbers, you can turn them off in Anki’s preferences.
In the v1 scheduler, the numbers count reviews needed to finish all the cards in that queue, not the number of cards. If you have multiple steps configured for lapsed cards, the number will increase by more than one when you fail a card, since that card needs to be shown several times.
From the v2 scheduler, the numbers count cards, so the number will always increase by one regardless of the steps remaining.
When the answer is shown, Anki shows an estimate of the next time a card will be shown above each button. If you’d prefer not to see the estimates, you can disable them in Anki’s preferences.
Anki additionally adds a small amount of random variation ("fuzz") to the next due times, in order to prevent cards that were introduced together and always rated the same from always staying next to each other. In the v3 scheduler, this variation is reflected on the answer buttons.
Editing and More
You can click the Edit button in the bottom left to edit the current note. When you finish editing, you’ll be returned to study. The editing screen works very similarly to the add notes screen.
At the bottom right of the review screen is a button labeled More. This button provides some other operations you can do on the current card or note:
Flag Card: Adds a colored marker to the card, or toggles it off. Flags will appear during study, and you can search for flagged cards in the Browse screen. This is useful when you want to take some action on the card at a later date, such as looking up a word when you get home. If you're using Anki 2.1.45+, you can also rename flags from the browser.
Bury Card / Note: Hides a card or all of the note’s cards from review until the next day. (If you want to unbury cards before then, you can click the “unbury” button on the deck overview screen.) This is useful if you cannot answer the card at the moment or you want to come back to it another time. Burying can also happen automatically for cards of the same note.
With the old scheduler, if cards were in learning when they are buried, they are moved back to the new card queue or review queue prior to being buried.
With the 2.1 scheduler, however, burying cards does not reset a card's learning steps.
Set Due Card: Make cards review cards, and make them due on a certain date.
Suspend Card / Note: Hides a card or all of the note’s cards from review until they are manually unsuspended (by clicking the suspend button in the browser). This is useful if you want to avoid reviewing the note for some time, but don’t want to delete it. With the old scheduler, if cards were in learning when they are suspended, they are moved back to the new card queue or review queue prior to being suspended.
With the 2.1 scheduler, however, suspending cards does not reset a card's learning steps.
Options: Edit the options for the current deck.
Card Info: Displays statistical information about the card.
Mark Note: Adds a “marked” tag to the current note, so it can be easily found in the browser. This is similar to flagging individual cards, but works with a tag instead, so if the note has multiple cards, all cards will appear in a search for the marked tag. Most users will want to use flags instead - marking is mainly left around for compatibility with older Anki versions.
Delete Note: Deletes the note and all of its cards.
Replay Audio: If the card has audio on the front or back, play it again.
Pause Audio: Pauses the audio if it is playing.
Audio -5s / +5s: Jump backwards / forward 5 seconds in the currently playing audio.
Record Own Voice: Record from your microphone for the purposes of checking your pronunciation. This recording is temporary and will go away when you move to the next card. If you want to add audio to a card permanently, you can do that in the edit window.
Replay Own Voice: Replay the previous recording of your voice (presumably after showing the answer).
Studying will show cards from the selected deck and any decks it contains. Thus, if you select your “French” deck, the subdecks “French::Vocab” and “French::My Textbook::Lesson 1” will be shown as well.
For new cards and reviews, Anki fetches cards from the decks in alphabetical order. So in the above example, you would get cards first from “French”, then “My Textbook”, and finally “Vocab”. You can use this to control the order cards appear in, placing high priority cards in decks that appear higher in the list. When computers sort text alphabetically, the “-” character comes before alphabetical characters, and “~” comes after them. So you could call the deck “-Vocab” to make them appear first, and you could call the other deck “~My Textbook” to force it to appear after everything else.
New cards and reviews are fetched separately, and Anki won’t wait until both queues are empty before moving on to the next deck, so it’s possible you’ll be exposed to new cards from one deck while seeing reviews from another deck, or vice versa. If you don’t want this, click directly on the deck you want to study instead of one of the parent decks.
Since cards in learning are somewhat time-critical, they are fetched from all decks at once and shown in the order they are due.
To control the order reviews from a given deck appear in, or change new cards from ordered to random order, please see the deck options. For more fine-grained ordering of new cards, you can change the order in the browser.
Siblings and Burying
Recall from the basics that Anki can create more than one card for each thing you input, such as a front→back card and a back→front card, or two different cloze deletions from the same text. These related cards are called 'siblings'.
When you answer a card that has siblings, Anki can prevent the card’s siblings from being shown in the same session by automatically 'burying' them. Buried cards are hidden from review until the clock rolls over to a new day or you manually unbury them using the “Unbury” button that’s visible at the bottom of the deck overview screen. Anki will bury siblings even if the siblings are not in the same deck (for instance, if you use the deck override feature).
You can enable burying from the deck options screen - there are separate settings for new cards and reviews.
Anki will only bury siblings that are new or review cards. It will not hide cards in learning, as time is of the essence for those cards. On the other hand, when you study a learning card, any new/review siblings will be buried.
Most of the common operations in Anki have keyboard shortcuts. Most of them are discoverable in the interface: menu items list their shortcuts next to them, and hovering the mouse cursor over a button will generally show its shortcut in a tooltip.
When studying, either or will show the answer. When the answer is shown, you can use or to select the Good button. You can use the - keys to select a specific ease button. Many people find it convenient to answer most cards with and keep one finger on for when they forget.
The "Study Deck" item in the Tools menu allows you to quickly switch to a deck with the keyboard. You can trigger it with the '/' key. When opened, it will display all of your decks and show a filter area at the top. As you type characters, Anki will display only decks matching the characters you type. You can add a space to separate multiple search terms, and Anki will show only decks that match all the terms. So “ja 1” or “on1 ja” would both match a deck called “Japanese::Lesson1”.
If you fall behind in your reviews, Anki will prioritize cards that have been waiting the longest. It does this by taking the cards that have been waiting the longest and showing them to you in a random order up until your daily review limit. This ordering ensures that no cards will be left waiting indefinitely, but it means that if you introduce new cards, their reviews won’t appear until you’ve gotten through your backlog.
If you wish to change the order of the overdue reviews, you can do so by creating a filtered deck.
When you answer cards that have been waiting for a while, Anki factors in that delay when determining the next time a card should be shown. Please see the section on Anki’s spaced-repetition algorithm for more information.
Remote Decks: Anki collaboration using Google Docs
0.85MB. Updated 2021-09-10. Only supports Anki 2.1.x.
The author has shared 1 other item(s).
- Create a new Google doc
- Add bullet point answer as show in the example
- Publish the Google Doc
- Add the Google Doc as a deck using the addon
- Sync for any update
As add-ons are programs downloaded from the internet, they are potentially malicious. You should only download add-ons you trust.
- 2.1.0-2.1.29+ (updated 2021-09-10)
To download this add-on, please copy and paste the following code into Anki 2.1:
If you were linked to this page from the internet, please open Anki on your computer, go to the Tools menu and then Add-ons>Browse & Install to paste in the code.
All Anki 2.1.x Add-Ons Contact Author
update: I managed to get this working / avoid this error notice, by using your unpublished example doc and then copy and pasting my notes into the same document, leaving just initial heading. Although when I generate or type the document to myself from scratch, I haven't yet got it to work. Not sure why, but it seems to be on my end.
The local note models don't match what is expected. You could try reinstall the English version of anki
Try resysncing? The images my have faiele to download
I'm not hating on this add-on, it just doesn't make sense to me to choose Google Docs over Google Sheet.
Sheets is a pain to support anything complicated and the Anki development keeps breaking current addon so it is hard to justify the effort of maintenance let alone a load of new functionality.
I had alos written code for txt support before adding support for docs!
No good reasons but reasons none the less!
Easy to use and extremely useful for collaboration in real time.on 1627795888
Really great work. The youtube video and example google docs are useful.
Any idea how to insert text and/or image into "Back Extra" for type Cloze? I tried the github suggestion of using a bullet point for the cloze type line too but that didn't seem to work.
Thank you thank you
It's 5 stars for the proposal, but, unsurprisingly, it has some bugs:
i tried to sync the same shared deck between two accounts on the same computer, and anki understood that the deck had already been added when i went for the second login.
Sad, I fixed it now by removing the remotes decks on the new account (that should have count zero), and adding it again, in new remote deck.
Ok, but still, in addition, you need to update the anki on your computer first, and then review it on your cell phone.
I imagine this last part is quite complicated so I don't think you can make this bridge.
Furthermore, the spaces I put between lines are not applied to the cards and the topic points are visible and so on.
Amazing addon, though.
Awesome. Is there a way to create a black line?on 1623337189
This add-on is incredible and completely changed the way I use Anki. Where can we donate for you? Please take my money
Also, is there a way to remove the • symbol from the answer?
Anyway thank you so much
This is an amazing thing and you are a genius for making this! Thank you very much!!!on 1619553769
Just what I was looking foron 1616640939
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1lQA_SQEoZ7cIcq_JTJH2n30Ntg329RXZ/view?usp=sharing the cloze note looks perfectly fine but I still get the error when trying to review the card belonging to the note.
Thanks for the github issue. Will dig into and get back to you
There is a video, docs and example Deck provided. Not sure which part is unclear?
Spreadsheets are complicated because it is much harder to support images and html based text.
This is awesome!! Any way to upload and edit current decks? This could revolutionize Anki!on 1613925342
Oh my god, this is so good. I create my own decks but it's a pain in Anki and really discourages you from putting the effort and an even bigger pain to sync. It would be perfect if it could work from the spreadsheet with multiple tabs. Any chance you will add spreadsheets support this year?on 1611322879
Great app works a treat thanks!!!on 1611131211
I use anki on Mac to add sound to my cards.
Is there a way to keep the audio after updating the google docs?
This is an amazing add-on, thanks so much for developing it. If anything it would be nice to have some nice formatting options, eg. remove those dots in the cards.on 1609611349
I hope you got your issue sorted. Glad it's working!
This addon completely changed my life. I was wasting too much time during med school to transform all my notes into cards. Thank you, thank you, thank you, sir! Works great, as describedon 1604411860
Thank you so muchon 1604322182
Could you please open a ticket on the github page for this and I will have a look into it? It does seem to work for 99% of users so might be some sort of configuration issue for you
works great, exactly what I was looking for. Can keep a doc version of your notes (can be shared with other people) while turning the notes into flashcards. Thank youon 1602283203
I use this feature often and I find it very useful. The author is very responsive for any edit requests and issue resolvingon 1599480757
However, after the most recent update I get an error message telling me I have a duplicate card whenever I sync the remote decks. This wouldn't bother me too much, but it warns me for every single card that it syncs, and I have over 1000. I've tried messing around in the code but every time I think I have the solution, the button to sync remote decks vanishes from Anki under Tools.
If anyone could help me I would be incredibly grateful!!
Issues tracked here: https://github.com/c-okelly/anki-remote-decks/issues/78
There is a partial fix released in v1.8.1. This should stop you seeing so many errors now and in future all of these will be condensed down into a single report for the end user
Spreadsheet version +1
Easier and more convenient way to collaborate on deck creation.on 1595410556
awesome, please also find way to add highlighted text if possibleon 1594221545
Too bad this add-on isn't an open repo on github. Nonetheless, I wish this gets updated close to it's full potential at a faster rate.
PS I am one of those who make their own cards. Always have done so.
Hey, license has been updated to MIT anyway! There are feature requests on GitHub and I'm happy so see any contributions!
Great. If custom note types become available, this can become the perfect addon for converting notes into Anki cards.on 1593387288
Best add-on for turn notes -> flash cards personally since I already use Google Docs to take notes. Especially great for cloze's.on 1591434332
As long as you don't move the card it should do a full sync and update any edits. Sometimes the Google page can take 5 minutes to update though! If it doesn't work message me on GitHub.
I assume you mean tables in Google docs rather the in sheets? Thanks for the review!
The positive impact this makes on my daily workload cannot be understated! Finally, the tedious process of converting my notes to anki questions is automated, and I could not be more thankful!on 1581388250
Allows me to have a master backup file as the authoritative source for my cards.on 1579537337
* Question 1
-----* Answer A
-----* Answer B
It'll allow somewhat like a mind-map and more flexibility to create notes. Would be super useful!
edit: I mean having a card for:
CARD 1 - question 1, answer A & answer B
CARD 2 - answer A, answer A-1 & answer A-2
So each level being a question for the answers of the next level
How many notes would the create though. I don't think you can create more then a single note with the same question?
Can you send me on one of your docs? Would like to have a look okellyconor at gmail.com
Great idea!on 1573919666
Hopefully be completed before the end of the year!
I think he want to speak about the Mass Immersion Approach, whit the MorphMan Add-onon 1572114926
The addons MIA makes are extremely useful!on 1571479493
You're the man!on 1571412861
Thank you very much for this add-on.
Looking forward to use it!
I'm open to adding support for Google sheets but I've never really used the sheets format before. I think the docs format allowed easy support for images and multiple card types in the same document.
I would like to have more discussion on the format people would expect in order to allow something quite flexible. I'm going to have a discussion about it on GitHub anyway!
Not sure if possible, but the ability to use it with the google docs "shared" link as opposed to publishing to the web would be grand :-)
Its exactly wt Im looking for!!! and it will be awesome if we can the google spreadsheet one!on 1568813529
I would love to see some sort of support for the image occlusion cloze functionality even though it would probably be super hard and if you pull it off, you'd be a damn magician!
Additionally, having the same image for several flashcards could prove very useful (e.g. anatomical descriptions with anatomical map on the backside of the card relevant to several different flashcards).
I sent an email regarding the case and additional case of using tables instead of lists :))
Keep up the great work.
Hey, thanks for the feedback.
I don't fully understand your usecase but I would be interested in hearing more about it if you would like to send me an email. We can discuss the ideas in more details and have a look at a few examples
okellyconor at gmail.com
AMAZZING!! I used to makes notes then one by one put them in ANKI which took AGES. This removes the need for that second step.on 1567538571
Improve speed of Anki usage!on 1567274824
This is a game changer. One of the best things to happen to Anki. Thank you for making this, c-okelly.on 1567089862
This is amazing! The add-on is great and super intuitive but the person who made it is even nicer. Took all my feedback and was churning out updates super quickly. Love it. Would love to see where this goes as it has the potential to be super useful to medical students.on 1567014918
Edit: okay, you're a legend.
Thanks! Any ideas / feature requests be sure to add add them to the github!
This has been added!! Should be updated as of 28/8/19
Deck options primarily control the way Anki schedules cards. It is recommended that you spend a few weeks with the defaults to get a feel for how Anki works before you start adjusting options. Please make sure you understand the options before changing them, as mistakes could reduce Anki's effectiveness.
Deck options are accessed by:
- Clicking the gear icon on the screen.
- Selecting a deck on the screen, and then clicking at the bottom of the screen.
- Clicking on > while in review mode.
- Pressing while in review mode.
This page describes the options shown in Anki 2.1.45+, when you have the v2 or v3 scheduler enabled. On older versions, some options will not be available, or will appear in a different section.
Anki allows you to share options between different decks, to make updating options in many decks at once easy. To do this, options are grouped into presets. By default, all newly created decks use the same preset.
If you’d like to alter the settings on one deck but not other decks, click the arrow icon in the top right of the Deck Options window. The options are:
- Save: Saves all modifications you've made since opening the deck options screen.
- Add: Add a new preset, with the default options.
- Clone: Clone your current present, which is useful if you just want to modify certain options, keeping the rest as they are.
- Rename Changes the name of the current preset.
- Delete Deletes the current preset. This will require that the next sync is a one-way sync.
- Save to all subdecks. Like Save, but also assigns the selected preset to all subdecks of the currently selected deck.
Deck Options are not retroactive. For example, if you change an option that controls the delay after failing a card, cards that you failed prior to changing the option will have the old delay, not the new one.
If your deck has subdecks, each deck can optionally be assigned a different preset. When Anki shows a card, it will check which subdeck the card is in, and use the options for that deck. There are some exceptions:
- The new cards/day and reviews/day limits behave differently depending on the scheduler version you have selected.
- The display order options in the v3 scheduler are taken from the deck you select to study, not the deck of the current card.
For example, let's say you have this collection:
- Deck A (Preset 1)
- Deck A::Subdeck B (Preset 2)
Preset 1 and 2 are identical, with two exceptions:
- Preset 1:
- New Cards - Learning steps: 1m 10m
- Display Order - New/review priority: Mix with reviews
- Preset 2:
- New Cards - Learning steps: 20m 2h
- Display Order - New/review priority: Show after reviews
If you choose to study Deck A:
- Learning steps for all new cards will be 20m 2h (preset 2 applies)
- All new cards will be mixed with reviews (preset 1 applies)
If you choose to study Subdeck B:
- Learning steps for all new cards will be 20m 2h (preset 2 applies)
- All new cards will be shown after reviews (preset 2 applies)
Controls how many new cards are introduced each day you open the program. If you study fewer than the limit, or miss a day, the next day the counts will be back to your limit - they do not accumulate.
In the v3 scheduler, Anki uses the limits of the deck you select as an upper limit on the number of cards. This means if "French" has a limit of 20 cards and "French::Lesson 1" and "French::Lesson 2" both have limits of 15 cards, when you click on "French", you’ll get at most 15 cards from either child deck, and only 20 cards in total.
In the v1 or v2 scheduler, each parent applies its limits to its children. If you have decks in a grandparent-parent-child arrangement, both the grandparent and parent limits will alter how many cards are shown from the child, even if you click directly on the child.
Studying new cards will temporarily increase the number of reviews you need to do a day, as freshly learnt material needs to be repeated a number of times before the delay between repetitions can increase appreciably. If you are consistently learning 20 new cards a day, you can expect your daily reviews to be roughly about 200 cards/day. You can decrease the reviews required by introducing fewer new cards each day, or by turning off new card display until your review burden decreases. More than one Anki user has excitedly studied hundreds of new cards over their first few days of using the program, and then become overwhelmed by the reviews required.
If using the v3 scheduler, please keep in mind that the new count is capped by the review count. If your review limit is set to 200, and you have 190 reviews waiting, a maximum of 10 new cards will be introduced. If your review limit has been reached, no new cards will be shown. If you have a backlog of reviews and still want to introduce new cards, you can do so by suspending the reviews, or increasing your review limit. That said, it is recommended you hold off on new cards until you catch up instead, as introducing more new cards when you're behind will only make the backlog worse.
Allows you to set an upper limit on the number of reviews to show each day. When this limit is reached, Anki will not show any more review cards for the day, even if there are some waiting. If you study consistently, this setting can help to smooth out occasional peaks in due card counts, and can save you from a heart attack when returning to Anki after a week off. When reviews have been hidden due to this option, a message will appear in the congratulations screen, suggesting you consider increasing the limit if you have time.
In the v3 scheduler and v1 schedulers, the counts are affected by parents/selected decks in the same way as new cards.
In the v2 scheduler, the limit is taken solely from the deck you select - any limits on its parents or child decks are ignored.
The v3 scheduler includes learning cards with a 1+ day delay in the review count, so those learning cards will be subject to the daily limit.
The settings in this section only affect new cards and cards in initial learning mode. Once a card has graduated (i.e. there are no more learning steps for this card), it becomes a review card, and the settings in this section are no longer applicable.
Controls the number of learning repetitions, and the delay between them. One or more delays, separated by spaces must be entered. Each time you press during review, the card moves to the next step.
For example, let's say that your learning steps are 1m 10m 1d.
- When you press , the card goes back to first step, and will be shown again approximately 1 minute later.
- When you press on a new card, or a card answered , it will move to the next step, and be shown again in approximately 10 minutes.
- When you press on a card after the 10 minute step, it will be delayed until the next day.
- When you press on the card the next day, it will leave learning (i.e. it will graduate), and become a review card. It will be shown again after the delay configured by the graduating interval.
If there’s nothing else to study, Anki will show cards up to 20 minutes early by default. The amount of time to look ahead is configurable in the preferences.
Anki treats small steps and steps that cross a day boundary differently. With small steps, the cards are shown as soon as the delay has passed, in preference to other waiting cards like reviews. This is done so that you can answer the card as closely to your requested delay as possible. In contrast, cards that cross a day boundary are scheduled on a per-day basis like reviews are. By default they are shown after normal reviews; this can be customized in the display order section for the v3 scheduler, and in the preferences screen for older schedulers.
Please see the learning section for more info on how steps work. Also, check this forum's post for more examples.
The delay in days between answering "Good" on a learning card with no steps left, and seeing the card again as a review card. Please see the example in the previous section.
The delay between answering on a learning card, and seeing it in review mode for the first time.
The button immediately turns a learning card into a review card, and assigns it the delay you have configured. It should always be at least as long as the graduating interval, and typically a few days longer.
Controls whether Anki should add new cards into the deck randomly, or in order. When you change this option, Anki will re-sort the decks using the current Option Group. Cards with a lower due number will be shown first when studying, by default. Changing this option will automatically update the existing position of new cards.
One caveat with random order mode: if you review many of your new cards, and then add more new cards, the newly added material is statistically more likely to appear than the new cards that were already in the deck. For example, if you have 100 cards in random order, then review the first 50, newly added cards are still given position 1-100, but as you have already reviewed the first 50, the newly added cards are more likely to appear earlier. To correct this, you can change the order to Ordered mode and back again to force a re-sort.
When you select random order, Anki will randomize your notes, keeping the cards of a given note close together. The cards of a given note are shown in the order, in which their card types appear, so that siblings are introduced consistently — otherwise you could end up in a state where some notes had all their cards introduced and other notes had only one or two. Please see the "bury related" and "display order" sections below for more info.
When you forget a review card, it is said to have 'lapsed', and the card must be relearnt. The default behaviour for lapsed reviews is to reset the interval to 1 (i.e. make it due tomorrow), and put it in the learning queue for a refresher in 10 minutes. This behaviour can be customized with the options listed below.
The same as 'learning steps', but for forgotten reviews. When you fail a card (press ), the card enters the relearning phase, and before it becomes a review card again, you will have to pass all the relearning steps — or, alternatively, press on the card.
If you leave the steps blank, the card will skip relearning, and will be assigned a new review delay.
Specifies a minimum number of days a card should wait after it finishes relearning. The default is one day, meaning once relearning is finished, it will be shown again the next day.
Control the way Anki handles leeches. Please see the leeches section for more information.
Anki monitors how long it takes you to answer each question, so that it can show you how long was spent studying each day. The time taken does not influence scheduling. The default limit is 60 seconds. If you take longer than that, Anki assumes you have walked away from your computer or have been distracted, and limits the recorded time to 60 seconds, so that you don’t end up with inaccurate statistics. If you consistently take longer than 60 seconds to answer a card, you may want to either consider raising this limit, or ideally, making your cards simpler.
Please see this section for more information.
The options in this section are taken from the deck you select to study, not the deck of the currently displayed card.
This section is only available when you have the v3 scheduler enabled.
Some further information about display order is available in the studying section.
New Card Gather Priority
Controls how Anki gathers cards from each subdeck.
With the default ordering, cards are gathered from each subdeck in order, stopping when the limit of the selected deck has been exceeded. This is faster, and allows you to priorize subdecks that are closer to the top. Decks / subdecks are always ordered alphabetically, so you can give them a numeric prefix like 001 to control the order they are shown. You can also use and as a prefix to place items at the top or bottom.
Although position order depends initially on the 'Insertion Order' setting above, you can manually reposition cards in different ways.
New Card Sort Order
Controls how cards are sorted after they have been gathered. By default, Anki sorts by template first, to avoid multiple cards of the same note from being shown in succession. This results in cards appearing in the order they have been added, with the first card template (eg front->back) appearing before later card templates (eg back->front).
Whether new cards should be mixed in with reviews, or shown before or after them.
Interday Learning/Review Priority
Whether learning cards with a 1+ day delay should be mixed in with reviews, or shown before or after them. Because learning cards tend to be harder than reviews, some users prefer to see them at the end (getting the easy stuff done first), or at the start (allowing more time to review forgotten ones).
Review Sort Order
The default order prioritizes cards that have been waiting longer, which works well when you are up to date, or when you only have a small backlog. If you have taken an extended break or have fallen behind in your reviews, you may want to consider changing the sort order temporarily. Sorting by ascending intervals will ensure cards with shorter delays are shown first, and by descending intervals will allow you to work through the easier material first.
Choosing the Deck, then due date option will ensure reviews are shown for each subdeck in turn. This is generally not recommended, as having material appear consistently in the same order makes it easier to guess the answer based on context, and may lead to weaker memories.
By default, Anki automatically plays audio on the front and back of cards. If you uncheck 'automatically play audio', Anki will not play audio until you press the replay audio key, or .
Always include question side when replaying audio controls whether audio from the question side should be played when replaying the audio while an answer is shown. Please note that it does not control what happens when you show the answer; for that please see this section.
Allows you to place an upper limit on the time Anki will wait to reshow a card. The default is 100 years; you can decrease this to a smaller number if you’re willing to trade extra study time for higher retention.
Controls the easiness that cards start out with. It is set when a card graduates from learning for the first time. It defaults to 2.50, meaning that once you have finished learning a card, answering on subsequent reviews will increase the delay by approximately 2.5x (e.g. if the last delay was 10 days, the next delay would be around 25 days). Based upon how you rate the card in subsequent reviews, the easiness may increase or decrease from its starting value.
An extra multiplier applied to the interval when a review card is answered . With the default value of 1.30, will give an interval that is 1.3 times the interval (e.g. if the last interval was 10 days, the next interval would be around 13 days).
An extra multiplier that is applied to all reviews. At its default of 1.00 it does nothing. If you set it to 0.80, though, for example, intervals will be generated at 80% of their normal size (so a 10 day interval would become 8 days). You can thus use the multiplier to make Anki present cards more or less frequently than it would otherwise, trading study time for retention or vice versa.
For moderately difficult material, the average user should find they remember approximately 90% of mature cards that come up for review. You can find out your own performance by opening the graphs/statistics for a deck and looking at the Answer Buttons graph - mature retention is the correct% on the right side of the graph. If you haven’t been studying long, you may not have any mature cards yet. As performance with new cards and younger cards can vary considerably, it’s a good idea to wait until you have a reasonable amount of mature reviews before you start drawing conclusions about your retention rate.
On the SuperMemo website, they suggest that you can find an appropriate multiplier for a desired retention rate. Their formula boils down to:
Imagine we have a current retention rate of 85% and we want to increase it to 90%. We’d calculate the modifier as:
You can use Google to calculate it for you.
If you plug the resulting 65% into the interval modifier, you should find over time that your retention moves closer to your desired retention.
One important thing to note however is that the trade-off between time spent studying and retention is not linear: we can see here that to increase our retention by 5 percentage points, we would have to study 35% more frequently. If the material you are learning is very important then it may be worth the extra effort – that is, of course, something you will need to decide for yourself. If you are simply worried that you are forgetting too much, then you may find investing more time at the initial learning stage and/or using mnemonics will give you more gain for less effort.
One final thing to note is that Anki forces a new interval to be at least 1 day longer than it was previously, so that you do not get stuck reviewing with the same interval forever. If your goal is to repeat a card once a day for multiple days, you can do that by setting more learning mode steps, instead of by adjusting this modifier.
The multiplier used when you use the button. The percentage is relative to the previous interval: e.g. with a default of 1.20, a card with a 10-day interval will be given 12 days.
The multiplier used when you use the button on a review card. The default 0.00 means that a review card's delay is reset to zero when you forget it (which then becomes 1 day after the minimum interval is applied).
If changed from the default, it is possible for forgotten cards to preserve part of their previous delay. For example, if a card had a 100 day interval, and you set the New Interval to 0.20, the new interval would be 20 days.
While preserving part of the interval may seem to make sense, SuperMemo has observed that preserving part of the delay can actually be counter-productive. For this reason, we recommend you leave it on the default setting.
Please see this page.
Sharing Decks Publicly
To share decks with the general public, synchronize them with AnkiWeb, then log into AnkiWeb and click on "Share" from the menu next to the deck you wish to share.
If you shared a deck previously (including with previous versions of Anki), you can update it by clicking "Share" as above. Updating a shared deck will not reset the download counts or ratings. You can delete a shared deck that you have uploaded using the Delete button on the shared deck's page.
When updating a deck, AnkiWeb expects the deck to be at the same location as before. If you shared a deck when it was called "Korean Verbs" for example, and then renamed it to "Korean::Korean Verbs", resharing will not be able to update the existing copy. If you have forgotten the original name, please contact support.
When you update a shared deck, users who downloaded the deck previously will not automatically receive updates. If they download the deck again and re-import it, newly added material will be imported without altering their existing study progress, provided neither you nor the user has altered the note type since the first import.
Sharing Decks Privately
If you’d like to share decks with a limited group of people (such as a study group or class) rather than the general public, you can do so by sharing them outside of AnkiWeb.
To share a deck privately, go to the File menu and choose Export. Select a single deck (not "All Decks"), and turn off "include scheduling information". This will produce an .apkg file which you can share with others.
You can share the .apkg file by emailing it to people, placing it on a website or shared folder, or using a free file sharing service like Dropbox or Google Drive and sending people a link.
Both the computer version and mobile clients make it easy to import from an apkg file simply by clicking or tapping on it. AnkiWeb does not have the ability to import apkg files however, so the recipients of your deck will need to have the computer version or Anki on their mobile device.
When a user imports an .apkg file, cards that already exist in their collection will be ignored and any new cards will be added. As long as they use the same note type, modified cards will also be updated. To prevent data loss, cards that have been deleted in the new apkg file will not be deleted in the user’s collection, so if you need to delete cards from users' decks for whatever reason, you will need to contact them about it.
Please see https://addon-docs.ankiweb.net/sharing.html
Please see https://translating.ankiweb.net
Anki's source code is available at https://github.com/ankitects/anki
Before contributing, please see the README.contributing file in that repo.
Installing & Upgrading
Please see the instructions for your computer:
For a quick way to dive into Anki, please have a look at these intro videos. Some were made with a previous Anki version, but the concepts are the same.
If YouTube is unavailable in your country, you can download the videos instead.
A question and answer pair is called a 'card'. This is based on a paper flashcard with a question on one side and the answer on the back. In Anki a card doesn’t actually look like a physical card, and when you show the answer the question remains visible by default. For example, if you’re studying basic chemistry, you might see a question like:
After thinking about it, and deciding the answer is O, you click the show answer button, and Anki shows you:
After confirming that you are correct, you can tell Anki how well you remembered, and Anki will choose a next time to show you again.
A 'deck' is a group of cards. You can place cards in different decks to study parts of your card collection instead of studying everything at once. Each deck can have different settings, such as how many new cards to show each day, or how long to wait until cards are shown again.
Decks can contain other decks, which allows you to organize decks into a tree. Anki uses “::” to show different levels. A deck called “Chinese::Hanzi” refers to a “Hanzi” deck, which is part of a “Chinese” deck. If you select “Hanzi” then only the Hanzi cards will be shown; if you select “Chinese” then all Chinese cards, including Hanzi cards, will be shown.
To place decks into a tree, you can either name them with “::” between each level, or drag and drop them from the deck list. Decks that have been nested under another deck (that is, that have at least one “::” in their names) are often called 'subdecks', and top-level decks are sometimes called 'superdecks' or 'parent decks'.
Anki starts with a deck called “default”; any cards which have somehow become separated from other decks will go here. Anki will hide the default deck if it contains no cards and you have added other decks. Alternatively, you may rename this deck and use it for other cards.
Decks are best used to hold broad categories of cards, rather than specific topics such as “food verbs” or “lesson 1”. For more info on this, please see the using decks appropriately section.
For information on how decks affect the order cards are displayed in, please see the display order section.
Notes & Fields
When making flashcards, it’s often desirable to make more than one card that relates to some information. For example, if you’re learning French, and you learn that the word “bonjour” means “hello”, you may wish to create one card that shows you “bonjour” and asks you to remember “hello”, and another card that shows you “hello” and asks you to remember “bonjour”. One card is testing your ability to recognize the foreign word, and the other card is testing your ability to produce it.
When using paper flashcards, your only option in this case is to write out the information twice, once for each card. Some computer flashcard programs make life easier by providing a feature to flip the front and back sides. This is an improvement over the paper situation, but there are two major downsides:
Because such programs don’t track your performance of recognition and production separately, cards will tend not to be shown to you at the optimum time, meaning you forget more than you’d like, or you study more than is necessary.
Reversing the question and answer only works when you want exactly the same content on each side. This means it’s not possible to display extra info on the back of each card for example.
Anki solves these problems by allowing you to split the content of your cards up into separate pieces of information. You can then tell Anki which pieces of information you want on each card, and Anki will take care of creating the cards for you and updating them if you make any edits in the future.
Imagine we want to study French vocabulary, and we want to include the page number on the back of each card. We want our cards to look like this:
In this example, we have three pieces of related information: a French word, an English meaning, and a page number. If we put them together, they’d look like this:
In Anki, this related information is called a 'note', and each piece of information is called a 'field'. So we can say that this type of note has three fields: French, English, and Page.
To add and edit fields, click the “Fields…” button while adding or editing notes. For more information on fields, please see the Customizing Fields section.
In order for Anki to create cards based on our notes, we need to give it a blueprint that says which fields should be displayed on the front or back of each card. This blueprint is called a 'card type'. Each type of note can have one or more card types; when you add a note, Anki will create one card for each card type.
Each card type has two 'templates', one for the question and one for the answer. In the above French example, we wanted the recognition card to look like this:
To do this, we can set the question and answer templates to:
By surrounding a field name in double curly brackets, we tell Anki to replace that section with the actual information in the field. Anything not surrounded by curly brackets remains the same on each card. (For instance, we don’t have to type “Page #” into the Page field when adding material – it’s added automatically to every card.) <br> is a special code that tells Anki to move to the next line; more details are available in the templates section.
The production card templates work in a similar way:
Once a card type has been created, every time you add a new note, a card will be created based on that card type. Card types make it easy to keep the formatting of your cards consistent and can greatly reduce the amount of effort involved in adding information. They also mean Anki can ensure related cards don’t appear too close to each other, and they allow you to fix a typing mistake or factual error once and have all the related cards updated at once.
To add and edit card types, click the “Cards…” button while adding or editing notes. For more information on card types, please see the Cards and Templates section.
Anki allows you to create different types of notes for different material. Each type of note has its own set of fields and card types. It’s a good idea to create a separate note type for each broad topic you’re studying. In the above French example, we might create a note type called “French” for that. If we wanted to learn capital cities, we could create a separate note type for that as well, with fields such as “Country” and “Capital City”.
When Anki checks for duplicates, it only compares other notes of the same type. Thus if you add a capital city called “Orange” using the capital city note type, you won’t see a duplicate message when it comes time to learn how to say “orange” in French.
When you create a new collection, Anki automatically adds some standard note types to it. These note types are provided to make Anki easier for new users, but in the long run it’s recommended you define your own note types for the content you are learning. The standard note types are as follows:
Has Front and Back fields, and will create one card. Text you enter in Front will appear on the front of the card, and text you enter in Back will appear on the back of the card.
Basic (and reversed card)
Like Basic, but creates two cards for the text you enter: one from front→back and one from back→front.
Basic (optional reversed card)
This is a front→back card, and optionally a back→front card. To do this, it has a third field called “Add Reverse.” If you enter any text into that field, a reverse card will be created. More information about this is available in the Cards and Templates section.
A note type which makes it easy to select text and turn it into a cloze deletion (e.g., “Man landed on the moon in […]” → “Man landed on the moon in 1969”). More information is available in the cloze deletion section.
To add your own note types and modify existing ones, you can use Tools → Manage Note Types from the main Anki window.
Notes and note types are common to your whole collection rather than limited to an individual deck. This means you can use many different types of notes in a particular deck, or have different cards generated from a particular note in different decks. When you add notes using the Add window, you can select what note type to use and what deck to use, and these choices are completely independent of each other. You can also change the note type of some notes after you’ve already created them.
Your 'collection' is all the material stored in Anki – your cards, notes, decks, note types, deck options, and so on.
You can watch a video about Shared Decks and Review Basics on YouTube.
The easiest way to get started with Anki is to download a deck of cards someone has shared:
Click the “Get Shared” button at the bottom of the deck list.
When you’ve found a deck you’re interested in, click the “Download” button to download a deck package.
Double-click on the downloaded package to load it into Anki, or File→Import it.
Please note that it’s not currently possible to add shared decks directly to your AnkiWeb account. You need to import them with the desktop program, then synchronize to upload them to AnkiWeb.
Creating your own deck is the most effective way to learn a complex subject. Subjects like languages and the sciences can’t be understood simply by memorizing facts — they require explanation and context to learn effectively. Furthermore, inputting the information yourself forces you to decide what the key points are, leading to a better understanding.
If you are a language learner, you may be tempted to download a long list of words and their translations, but this won’t teach you a language any more than memorizing scientific equations will teach you astrophysics. To learn properly, you need textbooks, teachers, or exposure to real-world sentences.
Most shared decks are created by people who are learning material outside of Anki – from textbooks, classes, TV, etc. They select the interesting points from what they learn and put them into Anki. They make no effort to add background information or explanations to the cards, because they already understand the material. So when someone else downloads their deck and tries to use it, they’ll find it very difficult as the background information and explanations are missing.
That is not to say shared decks are useless – simply that for complex subjects, they should be used as a 'supplement' to external material, not as a 'replacement' for it. If you’re studying textbook ABC and someone has shared a deck of ideas from ABC, that’s a great way to save some time. And for simple subjects that are basically a list of facts, such as capital city names or pub quiz trivia, you probably don’t need external material. But if you attempt to study complex subjects without external material, you will probably meet with disappointing results.
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