Finding old Toyotas anywhere except on the West Coast can be a challenge.Thats where most were sold, and most older Japanese vehicles, like many European (and a good number of American) cars back then were not properly rust proofed, and thus very vulnerable to corrosion.
However, older Toyotas remain on the road in LA, such as this first generation Toyota Hilux, built from This example is probably an or 72, since the lower grille has a finer texture (more bars) than early trucks. To my eyes, this truck looks completely original, with the exception of the wheels. While they appear to be factory Toyota steel wheels, they are from a newer model with a bit more style than the original steelies.
This side view shows the successful mini pickup formula as used by Toyota (and Nissan). Its essentially the same as American pickups, on a smaller scale: RWD, body on frame design, with a manual transmission, coil spring independent front suspension, and leaf spring live axle out back. This first generation truck only came in this configuration, with automatic transmissions, longer beds, and four wheel drive waiting to appear in later iterations.
This simple formula provided Toyota (and other Japanese manufacturers) with a basic building block, and the foundation for future success. In fact, these small pickups proved so successful that US manufacturers responded almost immediately. First offering captive import models with domestic nameplates, Ford and GM both offered own home built versions in the early eighties.
As it happens, I also had a Datsun Pickup in my files, so heres an example you can use to compare and contrast with the Toyota. Back in the day I found the Datsuns cab a bit more attractive, and in the early seventies Datsun seemed to have a bigger presence on the street. That advantage faded into the eighties, and in recent years Toyota has dominated the small pickup market (assuming the current Tacoma is in fact a small pickup).
Although it was the first generation Toyota Hilux, it was loosely based on the Hino Briska, which dated back to , and used a modified version of the cc Hino Contessa engine, derived from the Renault 4CV. After Hino joined the Toyota group in , the Briska was renamed Toyota Briska, since Hino would henceforth specialize only on larger trucks. But this first generation Hilux was still engineered and assembled by Hino.
The Hilux slotted in below Toyotas larger Stout pickup (above), which Toyota had been building in various versions since A version of the Stout was sold in the US between and But Toyota decided that the mini pickup market had more potential, although the Stout is closer to the size that the Hilux eventually grew to be.
Since the Hilux (or Hi-Lux) was first sold in the US in , for that year only one could buy either the Stout or Hilux in the US. This ad shows how the original wheels and hub caps would have looked.
If Hilux was meant to suggests High luxury, then hopefully it was done tongue-in-cheek, as there was nothing luxurious about these spartan and rugged work trucks.
Some versions of the Hilux offered a column shifter for their four speed manual, but most likely didnt make their way into the US market. presumably it was offered in Japan to make more room for a third passenger, something that was not envisioned in the US, although back in the day three young kids could be seen squeezed into one. This example uses a floor shifted transmission (barely visible at the bottom of the picture), and includes a set of aftermarket gauges mounted below the dashboard. This was also the only generation with vent windows, as Toyota followed the lead of American manufacturers, and went with one piece side glass in
In other markets, the Hilux offered a liter OHV R series engine (the 2R). The Hilux arrived in the US for the model year, and with the same L 3R ohv four as used in the Corona. In the Hilux received the all-new SOHC 8R engine, which in received a larger bore, creating the liter 18R.
Those clunky looking turn signals were only used in the US market. Other countries used the eyebrow lights shown in the inset image. Im not sure why Toyota went with the free standing lights, but I suspect they were a quick and dirty fix designed to meet new US lighting standards. Those eyebrow signals probably only held a turn bulb function, and either the lens size was too small to meet regulations, or the bulb assembly could not accept a two filament bulb that complied with the regulations. The US turn signal assembly appears to be match the units used on the Land Cruiser, so Toyota may have killed two regulatory birds with one part.
Well, no matter; Toyota tucked the front running light/turn signal assembly under the front bumper on their second generation Hilux, as shown in this one. Since the 72 first gen Hilux has already received the liter 18R motor, this new truck shared most mechanical features with our featured truck. However, the sheet metal and cab both received an update, and the tail lights moved alongside the tailgate, mimicking the domestic pickups.
After all, building on an existing structure is the definition of a building block, and over time Toyota has proven they have mastered this approach.
The Toyota Hilux (Japanese: トヨタ・ハイラックス, Toyota Hairakkusu) (stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of pickup trucks produced and marketed by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota. The majority of these vehicles are sold as pickup truck or cab chassis variants, although they could be configured in a variety of body styles. The pickup truck was sold with the HiLux name in most markets, but in North America, the Hilux name was retired in in favor of Truck, Pickup Truck, or Compact Truck. In North America, the popular option package, the SR5 (Sport Runabout 5-Speed), was colloquially used as a model name for the truck, even though the option package was also used on other Toyota models, like the to Corolla. In , the Toyota Trekker, the camper version of the Hilux, was renamed the 4Runner in Venezuela, Australia and North America, and the Hilux Surf in Japan. In , Toyota introduced a new pickup model, the midsize Toyota T in North America, necessitating distinct names for each vehicle other than Truck and Pickup Truck. The 4Runner is now a full SUV, and the more recent models of the Hilux are separate in appearance from the Tacoma. In , Toyota revealed plans to introduce an EV HiLux within six years.
- 1First generation (N10; )
- 2Second generation (N20; )
- 3Third generation (N30, N40; )
- 4Fourth generation (N50, N60, N70; )
- 5Fifth generation (N80, N90, N, N; )
- 6Sixth generation (N, N, N, N; )
- 7Seventh generation (AN10, AN20, AN30; )
- 8Eighth generation (AN, AN; )
- 12Notes and references
- 13External links
First generation (N10; )
|First generation (N10)|
|Production||March – April|
|Assembly||Japan: Hamura, Tokyo (Hino)|
The Hilux started production in March  as the RN10 in short-wheelbase form with a L inline-four engine, generating a maximum power output of 77PS (57kW; 76hp) in Japanese market specification. In Japan, it was available at the Toyota Japan dealership retail chains called Toyota Store and Toyopet Store. The modification to the engine was enough for a claimed top speed of km/h (81mph). The litre engine was upgraded to a L inline-four in February
In April , a long-wheelbase version was added to the range. The short-wheelbase version also continued in production for many more years. The long-wheelbase version was not sold in the North American market until , allowing the Datsun Truck to maintain a strong market presence. The Hilux was offered as a replacement to the Toyota Crown, Toyota Corona, and Toyota Corona Mark II based pickup trucks in Japan, as the Crown, Corona, and Corona Mark II were repositioned as passenger sedans.
In spite of the name "Hilux", it was a luxury vehicle only when compared to the Stout. The Hilux was engineered and assembled by Hino Motors to replace the earlier vehicle that the Hilux was derived from, called the Briska in the niche beneath the larger and older Stout – it replaced the Stout fully in some markets. For the North American market, the only body style was a regular cab short bed and all were rear-wheel drive. It used a typical truck setup of A-arms and coil springs in front and a live axle with leaf springs in back. A four-speed manual transmission was standard.
North American markets:
- L (1,cc) 3R I4, 85hp (63kW; 86PS)
- – L (1,cc) 8RSOHC I4, 97hp (72kW; 98PS)
- L (1,cc) 18RSOHC I4, hp (81kW; PS)
Second generation (N20; )
In May , the model year Hilux was introduced, designated the RN Nicknamed the "RokeHi" (ロケハイ), a portmanteau of "Rocket Hilux", it has a more comfortable interior along with exterior updates. A m (ft) "long bed" was an option for the first time in North American markets, although such a version had been available worldwide since April  This received the "RN25" chassis code. The litre 18R engine was available in Japan as well, with a three-speed automatic transmission available as an option. The litre automatic model managed a "gentle" km/h (mph) top speed in a period road test conducted in South Africa, in spite of a claimed 89kW (PS; hp).
The Hilux was radically redesigned in to be larger and with increased standard equipment. In North America, the new version also meant the introduction of the considerably larger (L) 20R engine and the SR5 upscale trim package. A five-speed manual transmission became optional. In North America, the Hilux name was fully phased out in favour of "Truck" by that year, having been dropped from brochures and advertising campaigns, starting in Some North American motor-coach manufacturers began building Toyota motor-homes from the Hilux.
- – L (cc) 12RI4, 83PS (61kW) (SAE gross, Japan), 67PS (49kW) (SAE net, general export)
- – L (cc) 18R I4, PS (77kW) (SAE gross, Japan)
North American markets:
- – L (cc) 18RSOHC I4, hp (81kW; PS)
- – L (cc) 20RSOHC I4, 96hp (72kW; 97PS)
Third generation (N30, N40; )
The redesigned Hilux was introduced in August , with a 4WD variant introduced in January  The newer model was of similar dimensions to its predecessor, but both front and rear tracks were wider. Another change was the front suspension was changed from coil springs to a torsion bar design, still with a double wishbone layout. The 4WD variant – not offered with any engines smaller than the two-litre "18R" – featured some common technology with the larger Toyota Land Cruiser. Its front axle was a live, leaf-sprung design unlike the more car-like type used on rear-wheel drive Hiluxes. Production of the four-wheel drive models stopped in July , but some 2WD variations continued production in parallel with the next generation models. The L series diesel engine was offered on the 2WD variants from September and also on the 4WD variants beginning in March  In Japan, the Hilux was joined with the all new Toyota MasterAce, sharing load carrying duties which was sold at Toyota Store locations alongside the Hilux.
The Australian market originally received the liter 12R engine in rear-wheel drive models, while 4WD models have the 2-liter 18R-C engine with 63kW (86PS). These were all built on the longer wheelbase, with either pickup or cab-chassis bodywork. Top speed of the Australian Hilux 4WD was km/h (81mph).
In North American markets, the Hilux (known as the pickup) saw the use of four-wheel drive. It had a solid front axle and leaf suspension. The body saw a redesign that included single round headlights and a less complex body. This new 4WD setup featured a gear driven RF1A transfer case. This transfer case is unique in that its low-range reduction portion can be replicated, using what some refer to as a dual or triple transfer case. This results in a much lower overall gear ratio. It was the first Hilux available with an automatic transmission in that market.
In , a vehicle development agreement was established between Toyota, Winnebago Industries and two other aftermarket customisers. This was to allow Toyota to enter the SUV market in North America. The vehicles which resulted from this collaboration were the Trekker (Winnebago), Wolverine, and the Trailblazer (Griffith). All three used the Hilux 4×4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section (the Trailblazer had a steel bed with a fiberglass top). Research and development work on the Trekker led to the development of the 4Runner/Hilux Surf, which was introduced in
Toward the end of the SR5's production run (½ model year), Toyota introduced the luxury Mojave trim for the US market as a limited-production (3, units) model with options not available on any other Toyota pickup. With a list price of US$8,, it had bucket seats, two-speaker multiplex radio, chrome front and rear bumpers, and deleted Toyota logos on either the grille or the tailgate.Cruise control, power steering, and air conditioning were optional. It was powered by the SR5's standard L (cuin) inline-four engine.
In Thailand, this model was sold as the Toyota Hilux Super Star.
- – L (1,cc) 12R SOHC I4, 80PS (59kW) at 5,rpm and kg⋅m (N⋅m) of torque at 3,rpm (RN30/40, Japan) 51kW (69PS; 68hp) at 5,rpm
- – L preflow, 4-speed manual (Australia)
- – L (1,cc) 18R SOHC I4, 89PS (65kW) at 5,rpm and kg⋅m (N⋅m) of torque at 3,rpm ( European specifications)
- – L (2,cc) 20R SOHC I4, 67kW (91PS; 90hp) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) of torque at 2,rpm
- – L (2,cc) 22R SOHC I4, 98PS; 97hp (72kW) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) of torque at 2,rpm
- – L diesel I4, 46kW (63PS; 62hp) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (93lb⋅ft) of torque (SR5 long bed only in the US), LN30/40
Fourth generation (N50, N60, N70; )
|Fourth generation (N50, N60, N70)|
The August redesign (sold as model year vehicles in North America) introduced the Xtracab extended cab option, with six inches of space behind the seat for in-cab storage. These models carried over the carbureted 22R engine while model year also saw the introduction of the fuel injected22R-E engine. Two diesel engines were also offered, the 2L and the turbocharged 2L-T. The engines were discontinued in the U.S. after the model year, this was due to higher performance expectations from customers and the wide availability of inexpensive petrol. The next year saw the introduction of a turbocharged option, the 22R-TE, perhaps due to increasing competition from Nissan who already offered a V6 truck at this time. The solid front axle was replaced with an independent front suspension/torsion bar setup in the 4×4 model in , and optional automatic differential disconnect for the front differential (an alternative to automatic locking hubs). was the last year of the solid front axle in most markets. The solid front axle would remain in the 5th generation 4x4 LN model until Solid front axles had been present in all 4x4 Toyota models until
In late for the model year, the truck went through a minor interior and exterior redesign, that included a new grille, a new 1 piece front bumper, an updated interior with full high door panels with faux leather stitching on the base and DLX models, the gauge cluster surround was more rounded and featured faux leather stitching on it, the dash pad featured a shorter tray than earlier models, the steering wheels were changed from black to gray, red, brown, or blue depending on the interior color, the radio bezel was also color matched to the rest of the interior, the SR-5 tach gauge clusters had the pattern on the face changed from a grid pattern to horizontal lines, the outside door mirrors were also changed to have a more stream lined appearance, the faceplate for the heater controls was also redesigned. A V6 engine was introduced in The Hilux-based 4Runner which made its entry in Australia, North America and the United Kingdom was based on this generation of the Hilux; in some other markets, such as Japan, it was called the Hilux Surf.
Toyota introduced a new generation of the Hilux in most markets in late but the fourth generation remained in production until in South Africa. The company quoted that this was due to South African "content laws" which made it cheaper to continue the production of the fourth generation of the Hilux, rather than to retool the plant for the fifth generation model.
In Thailand, this generation was sold as the Toyota Hilux Hero.
|–||2, cc||22R||SOHCI4||72kW (98PS; 97hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm|
|–||2, cc||L||I4 Diesel||46kW (63PS; 62hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (93lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm||(SR5 long bed only)|
|–||2, cc||2L||I4 Diesel||62kW (84PS; 83hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm|
|–||2, cc||2L-T||turbochargedfuel injected I4 Diesel||69kW (94PS; 93hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm|
|–||2, cc||22R-E||SOHC fuel injected I4||78kW (PS; hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm|
|–||2, cc||22R-TE||SOHC turbocharged fuel injected I4||kW (PS; hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm|
|–||2, cc||3VZ-E||fuel injected V6||kW (PS; hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm|
|–||2, cc||4Y||OHV I4||70kW (95PS; 94hp) at 4,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm|
Fifth generation (N80, N90, N, N; )
|Fifth generation (N80, N90, N, N)|
Toyota HiLux 4X4 Diesel
The next redesign, in , introduced a longer-wheelbase option, 3,mm (in) rather than 2,mm (in) for the regular wheelbase. Its one-piece cargo-box walls eliminated the rust-prone seams that were found in earlier models. The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year award that year. The Xtra Cabs now featured more room behind the front seats than the last generation which allowed optional jump-seats for rear passengers, a feature more in line with competitors of the time.
In , North American production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California. The Hilux received a minor facelift in (for the model year), which was a grille change incorporating the new Toyota emblem that had been recently adopted.
It was during this generation that Toyota discontinued the Hilux in the United States, replacing it with the new Tacoma for the model year.
- – L (1,cc) 2Y-UI4, 58kW (79PS; 78hp) at 5,rpm N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm
- – L (1,cc) 2Y I4, 61kW (83PS; 82hp) at 4,rpm N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm (export markets)
- – L (2,cc) 22RSOHC I4, 81kW (PS; hp) at 5,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm
- – L (2,cc) 22R-ESOHCEFI I4, 84kW (PS; hp) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm
- – L (2,cc) 3VZ-E V6, kW (PS; hp) at 4,rpm
- – L (2,cc) 2L-II diesel I4, 66kW (90PS; 89hp) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm
- L (2,cc) 3L diesel I4, 67kW (91PS; 90hp) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm
Volkswagen built and marketed the Hilux under the Volkswagen Taro name from February to March
This generation of the Hilux was sold in Thailand as the Toyota Hilux Mighty-X.
Sales in South America
- Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela: the Hilux was produced in Colombia from to by the Sofasa company equipped with the 22R-E L petrol engine. For these markets the model number for the 4WD double cabin was RN -instead of the standard number LN
- For sales in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, the Hilux was produced in Argentina from through (Zárate Plant – both petrol and diesel engines).
- For sales in Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru, the Hilux was imported from factories in Japan from to (petrol and diesel engines).
The available options for these markets were:
- single cab chassis (2WD, 4WD petrol engines) (Colombia and Ecuador)
- single cab long bed (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines - all South American markets; diesel engine not available in Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela)
- Xtracab (2WD, 4WD, petrol - only Bolivia)
- crew cab (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines - all South American markets; Diesel engine not available in Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela)
In North America the Hilux continued to be sold simply as the "Toyota Pickup". A wide range of models were available (excluding the Crew Cab model available internationally), mixing four- and six-cylinder engines, long and short beds, regular and Xtracabs, manual and automatic transmissions, and two- or four-wheel drive. The cargo capacity was typically 1,lb (kg) for two-wheel drives and 1,lb (kg) for four-wheel drive models. GVWRs ranged from 2, to 5,lb (1, to 2,kg). Initially only imported from Japan, NUMMI-built trucks began appearing in The VIN on these trucks starts with '4T', while Japanese-made ones begin with 'JT'. However, some trucks sold in the United States during the through model years were still manufactured in Japan as not all versions were built in California.
While the fifth generation Hilux continued to be sold elsewhere in the world until , in North America it was replaced by the new Tacoma after an abbreviated model year.
– Toyota HiLux V6 Xtra Cab
– Toyota HiLux DX 4-door
Toyota HiLux 4X4 Diesel
Toyota Hilux RN Sofasa plate with VIN information
Sixth generation (N, N, N, N; )
|Sixth generation (N, N, N, N)|
Toyota HiLux 4WD
|Successor||Toyota Fortuner (for Hilux Sport Rider)|
The Hilux received a minor design update for the model year and the addition of a few more engine options. The Hilux was then facelifted in for the model year.
In , Toyota ceased production of the Hilux truck for the Japanese market. This was the last generation of the Hilux to be built in Japan.
- – L (1, cc) 1RZ-E 8 Valve SOHCI4 (Hilux 'Workmate' models in Australia) (4×2)
- – L (2, cc) 5LdieselI4, 72kW (98PS; 97hp) (4×2, 4×4)
- – L (2,cc) 2RZ-FEvalveDOHCI4, kW (PS; hp) (4×2, 4×4)
- – L (2,cc) 3RZ-FEvalveDOHCI4, kW (PS; hp) (4×2, 4×4)
- – L (3,cc) 5VZ-FEvalveDOHCV6, kW (PS; hp)
- L (2, cc) 2L-T UK Spec - Turbo Diesel single valve 8-valve I4 83/62hp/kW at 4, rpm, /kg⋅m/N⋅m at 2, rpm (4x4)
- L (2, cc) 3LdieselI4, 65 kW (89 PS; 88 hp) (4x4) (Philippines, Malaysia, SAE Net, UN Spec)
- South American markets
The Hilux was produced in Colombia for sales in Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador from to by the SOFASA company (with only petrol engines L). In Venezuela and Ecuador, the single-cab 2WD chassis/long bed is called the Stout II. For sales in Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, it was imported from Japan from through (petrol engined L, and diesel engined L). This model was not sold in Argentina or Brazil because the fifth-generation Hilux had received a redesign and upgrade. Options for South American markets included:
- Single cab chassis (2WD, 4WD petrol engines) (for sales in Colombia and Ecuador)
- Single cab long bed (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines) (all South American countries)
- Xtracab (4WD, petrol and diesel engines) (in Bolivia only)
- Crew cab (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines) (all South American countries, named the Hilux Millenium from through to the present)
- Thailand market
Toyota shifted production from the Hilux Mighty-X (fifth generation) to the Hilux Tiger (sixth generation) in the late s and made it the global export hub. The Thailand-made Hilux Tiger went through the following versions:
- – Hilux Tiger with the L 5L engine
- – Hilux Tiger with the L 5L-E EFI engine
- Hilux Tiger with 1KZ engine (short-lived and immediately replaced by D4D engine)
- Late – late Hilux Tiger SportCruiser with D4D engine
Pickup 4WD Wide Extra cab Sports L (RZNH)
Pickup 4WD Wide Extra cab Sports L (RZNH)
– Toyota Hilux 2-door utility (RZNR)
– (RZNR) 4-door utility
Post-facelift Pickup 4WD Wide Double cab Sports (RZNH)
Pickup Extra cab G Limited (KDN)
Toyota introduced a mid-size SUV variant of the Hilux in The variant called the Sport Rider was sold only in Thailand. The Sport Rider is based on the Hilux, both in style and underpinnings it is similar in concept to the Toyota 4Runner—however, it's not a rebadged 4Runner. The Sport Rider frame and suspension system are derived from the Hilux, including the Hilux's independent front suspension and leaf-sprung rear suspension. The vehicles began as four-door pickup trucks and were then modified into wagons on arrival in Thailand by Thai Auto Works Co (a majority Thai-owned company in which Toyota has a 20 percent stake). The vehicles were distributed by Toyota Tsusho Thailand, the importer of Toyota forklifts.
Engine options for the Sport Rider included the 5L engine for the Prerunner (2WD), the 5L, and the 5L-E engine for 4WD. Toyota introduced the first facelift in with the 1KZ-TE engine and foglamps integrated with the front bumper, Toyota introduced the second facelift in with the 1KD-FTV engine for 4WD and the 2KD-FTV engine for the Prerunner (2WD) and 4WD, a new front bumper, new projector-style headlights, and new rear lamps. Toyota discontinued the Sport Rider in and replaced it with the Toyota Fortuner in
- – L (2,cc) 5L-EI4SOHCEFI, 77kW (PS; hp) at 4, rpm N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2, rpm
- – L (2,cc) 5LI4, 72kW (98PS; 97hp) at 4, rpm N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2, rpm (Prerunner)
- – L (2,cc) 1KZ-TEI4SOHC, 92kW (PS; hp) at 3,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2,rpm
- – L (2,cc) 1KD-FTVI4DOHC, 93kW (PS; hp) at 4,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm
- – L (2,cc) 2KD-FTVI4DOHC, 75kW (PS; hp) at 3,rpm and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm
Seventh generation (AN10, AN20, AN30; )
|Seventh generation (AN10/AN20/AN30)|
Toyota Hilux (GGN25R) 4-door
|Alsocalled||TruckMasters OX (Finland)|
|Production||August  – May|
|Designer||Kaoru Hosokawa ()|
The seventh generation of the Hilux (designated the AN10/AN20/AN30), part of the IMV program, started production in Thailand during August  Three pickup truck body variants were initially produced: a two-door Single Cab (referred to by Toyota as IMV1), a two-door Xtra Cab (IMV2), and four-door Double Cab (IMV3). In September , Toyota introduced the Smart Cab, a four-door cab with hidden rear clamshell doors. The IMV program also spawned the Toyota Innova (AN40) minivan (IMV4) and Toyota Fortuner (AN50/AN60) SUV (IMV5). The similar Toyota Tacoma pickup truck, introduced in February for the model year, is based on the 4Runner chassis, while the AN10/AN20/AN30 Hilux is based on an revamped version of the ladder frame found on previous versions. The Hilux increased in size and began to be classified as a mid-size pickup truck.
Hilux models sold in Asian, European, Middle Eastern and Oceanian markets were initially built and assembled in Thailand. Later, production was delegated to Malaysia and Southeast Asia in order to increase sales in those regions. In Thailand, the vehicle is called the Hilux Vigo, or simply Vigo. For other European markets and South Africa, the Hilux was built in Durban, South Africa. Hiluxes sold in Argentina and Brazil were built in Argentina, as with the previous generation Hilux.
The double cab model has an automatic transmission. It uses the same engine as other Asian countries (in-line, 4-cylinder, valve, DOHC Turbo Diesel with common rail direct injection), however engines used in Malaysia differ in their maximum output of 75kW (PS; hp) at 3,rpm and maximum torque of N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2, rpm.
In Singapore, the Hilux was available as a single cab with the L engine or a double cab with the L engine.
Notable fleet customers include private taxi operators, for whom the double cab model offers additional load space versatility, the Singapore Police Force, Pakistan Police Force, Syrian Police Force and the Royal Bhutan Police Force; all of which employ the Hilux as a patrol vehicle.
This generation of the Hilux was introduced for Argentina on 2 March in Buenos Aires with a market launch in April.
This generation of the Hilux was also sold in Finland as the TruckMasters OX by Truck Masters Finland. Because of a modified rear suspension, the truck is registered in Finland as a light truck. The OX was only available with a litre D-4D diesel engine.
- L petrol VVT-iDOHCI4 (South Africa, Indonesia and Middle East)
- L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, Turbodiesel 76kW (PS; hp) – kW (PS; hp) (Asia, Europe, South Africa, South America)
- L petrol VVT-i DOHC I4, kW (PS; hp) (Australia, Arabian Peninsula, Philippines, South Africa, Venezuela)
- L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, Turbodiesel, commonrail valve direct injection, kW (PS; hp) (Asia, South Africa, South America, Australia, Europe). This version is made at Toyota's facility in Zárate, Argentina.
- L petrol VVT-i DOHCV6, kW (PS; hp) – kW (hp) (Australia, South Africa, Venezuela, China)
- L Supercharged DOHC V6 kW (PS; hp) (Australia only, TRD Hilux S & SL)
A facelifted version of the Hilux was unveiled by Toyota's Malaysian distributors, UMW Toyota Motor, in August Toyota has introduced a left hand drive Hilux Vigo in August while a right hand drive facelifted model was introduced in September These facelifted models were introduced in the Philippines in October
Toyota also introduced a four-door extended cab called "Smart Cab" to replace all Xtra Cab models in E and G grade. The Smart Cab models were developed in Thailand and were only sold in the Thai market.
On 13 July , Toyota announced that the Hilux would receive a facelift, including a redesigned front end and other external styling changes, changes to the interior and a new turbocharged diesel engine rated at kW (hp) and N⋅m (lb⋅ft) of torque, as well as lower fuel consumption compared to the previous model. This update was initially launched in Thailand.
Hilux Vigo Champ
The Hilux Vigo "Champ" was introduced in Thailand in August as a significant "minor change" with a new front design and a revamped interior to reinforce perceived luxury. The front was redesigned from the A pillar forwards. With the exception of the doors, roof and tailgate, everything else was new: new guards, new headlights, new bumper, new bonnet, new three-bar grille, new taillights, a new rear bumper and new badges. There were also new mirrors and new alloy wheel designs. The interior features a new upper dashboard design with a new horizontal center instrument cluster. Perceived quality was improved through the adoption of uniformly darker finishes with greater color consistency throughout the interior. The high-end Double Cab version now came with a DVD player, rear camera and Bluetooth functionality.
This minor update upgraded the emission standard to Euro 4, updated the four-speed automatic transmission to five-speed, upgraded power rating of the liter model from to kW ( to PS; to hp), increased torque from to N⋅m ( to ft⋅lb) for the five-speed automatic transmission, and the Smart Cab Prerunner 4x2 was introduced with automatic transmission. Other changes included a more efficient fuel injection system and the addition of a center headrest on the rear double cab seat.
Eighth generation (AN, AN; )
|Eighth generation (AN/AN)|
Toyota Hilux SR5
|Alsocalled||TruckMasters OX (Finland)|
The eighth generation of the Toyota Hilux was officially introduced simultaneously on 21 May in Bangkok, Thailand and Sydney, Australia. However, the pickup truck was available for sale in the showrooms from October, 5 months after its official introduction.
Some Southeast Asian market (Thailand, Laos, Cambodia) also adopted a new name, "Toyota Hilux Revo". The Hilux uses the "Keen Look" design language that has already been used on the Toyota Corolla (E) with slim projector headlights and LED DRL (Daytime Running Lights). This design continues into the interior with similar AC vents and center fascia design. This generation has Toyota's first autonomous emergency braking (AEB).
New ESTEC GD litre, litre and KD litre along with litre diesel engines, shared with the Fortuner and Innova, were combined with a 5 or 6-speed manual transmission or a 5 or 6-speed automatic transmission with sequential shift technology respectively. The liter GD engine was introduced in May at the 36th International Vienna Motor Symposium. The litre, litre and litre petrol engines from the previous generation returned with a Dual VVT-i update for increased power and torque.
Like the previous generation, this generation has also been sold as the TruckMasters OX in Finland by Truck Masters Finland since The modified suspension means that the truck is registered as a light truck in Finland, leading to lower taxes.
The Hilux was re-introduced in Japan on 12 September , after 13 years of hiatus. As a mid-size pickup truck, the Hilux exceeds the Japanese governing regulations for the vehicle size dimensions, thus Japanese buyers are liable to higher taxes compared to passenger cars. Nevertheless, the initial orders for the vehicle exceeded 2, in the first month of sales. For the Japanese market, the Hilux is imported from Thailand, with only double-cab 4WD configuration available in two trim levels "X" and "Z", both equipped with litre 2GD-FTV engine and a 6-speed automatic transmission.
Hilux Revo Rocco
The Hilux Revo Rocco was unveiled at the 34th Thailand International Motor Expo on 30 November It features a different front grille styling similar to the North American market Tacoma and a different front bumper with LED fog lights. The Thai market Rocco has a grey rear bumper bar, inch alloy wheels with all-terrain tyres, a black sports bar with bed liner, Rocco insignia, gloss black grille, black metallic trim on the interior along with a redesigned instrument cluster. The engine and safety features for the Rocco remain unchanged.
The Rocco was introduced in Malaysia as Hilux L-Edition in In the Philippines, the Rocco was introduced in February as the Conquest. In the UK, this model is only available for the 'Invincible X' variant, which was launched at the Commercial Vehicle Show on 24 April  In Japan, this model was sold as the Z "Black Rally Edition", which was announced on 12 November and released on 17 December to commemorate the 50th anniversary since the launch of the first generation Hilux.
Hilux SR5 4WD (GUN)
Hilux SR5 4WD (GUN)
Hilux GR Sport (pre-facelift)
In June , Toyota unveiled the facelift of the AN/ series Hilux for select Asian and European markets. The facelift model received revised front and rear with LED headlamps and tail-lamps and front LED indicators, a first for the Hilux, and redesigned inch alloy wheels. For some Southeast Asian market, the Hilux is equipped with Toyota Safety Sense. This facelift of the Hilux was introduced in Japan in August and is currently offered in base X and Z trim levels. The power and torque figures for litre 1GD-FTV engine has been upgraded to PS (kW; hp) and N⋅m (lbf⋅ft) (in automatic transmission).
The facelift model GR Sport version was released in Thailand on 25 August  and in Japan on 8 October 
Hilux Invincible D-4D (United Kingdom)
Hilux Invincible X/Rogue/Rocco/Adventure/Conquest
Hilux Revo Double Cab Prerunner Mid (GUN)
Hilux Revo Double Cab 4x2 GR Sport (GUN)
Hilux Revo Double Cab 4x4 GR Sport (GUN)
|L 1TR-FE inline-4 fuel-injected petrol with Dual VVT-i||6-speed manual||kW (hp) at 5,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm|
|6-speed AC60E/AC60F automatic|
|L 2GD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel with VNT||5-speed R manual||kW (hp) at 3,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm|
|6-speed RC60/RC60F manual||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm|
|6-speed AC60E/AC60F automatic|
|L 2KD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel without intercooler||5-speed R manual||76kW (hp) at 3,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm|
|6-speed RC61 manual||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm|
|L 2KD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel with VNT||6-speed manual||kW (hp) at 3,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm|
|5-speed AF automatic|
|L 2TR-FE inline-4 fuel-injected petrol with Dual VVT-i||6-speed manual||kW (hp) at 5,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm|
|6-speed AC60E/AC60F automatic|
|L 1GD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel with VNT||5-speed R manual||kW (hp)||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm|
|6-speed RC61 manual / RC61F iMT (Intelligent Manual Transmission) manual (Thailand)||kW (hp) at 3,rpm |
(2nd facelift): kW (hp) at 3,rpm
|N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm |
(2nd facelift): N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm
|6-speed AC60E/AC60F automatic||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm |
(2nd facelift): N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–2,rpm
| L 5L-E inline-4 |
naturally aspirated diesel
|5-speed manual||71kW (95hp) at 4, rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 2, rpm|
|L 1KD-FTV inline-4 |
common rail diesel with VNT
|6-speed RC61 manual||kW (hp) at 3,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm|
|5-speed AF automatic||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 1,–3,rpm|
|L 1GR-FE V6 fuel-injected petrol with VVT-i||6-speed RC61 manual||kW (hp) at 5,rpm||N⋅m (lb⋅ft) at 3,rpm|
|6-speed AC60E/AC60F automatic|
|Calendar Year||Thailand||Australia||New Zealand||Philippines||South Africa||Brazil||Mexico|
The Hilux has often been described as having a high level of durability and reliability during sustained heavy use or even abuse.
This reputation was highlighted in several episodes of the BBC motoring show Top Gear. In series 3, episodes 5 and 6, a diesel N50 Hilux with ,km (,mi) on the odometer was subjected to considerable abuse including being left on a beach for the incoming tide, left on top of a building as it was demolished and being set on fire. The Hilux suffered severe structural damage, but was still running after being repaired with only the typical tools that would be found in a truck's toolbox. This Hilux became one of the background decorations in the Top Gear studio. In the later series 8, episode 3, a Hilux was chosen by Jeremy Clarkson as his platform for creating an amphibious vehicle (though by the end of that episode the Hilux failed to start), and in the Top Gear: Polar Special Clarkson and James May raced a specially modified model Hilux to the magnetic north pole from Northern Canada – making the truck the first motor vehicle to make it to the magnetic north pole. The camera crew's vehicle from this episode was later modified and driven to near the summit of the Eyjafjallajökull erupting Icelandic volcano by James May in Series 15, Episode 1.
In , the Hilux appeared in a series of "Bugger" television adverts in New Zealand and Australia. The adverts were banned in New Zealand after receiving complaints but later reinstated.
A world record was achieved by the support crew for the participants in the / Amundsen Omega 3 South Pole Race. The crew traveled in specially adapted Toyota Hiluxes modified by Arctic Trucks, completing a trip of over 5,km (3,mi) from Novo, a Russian Scientific Station in Antarctica to the Geographic South Pole and back again, making them the first 4×4s to reach the South Pole. The return journey of 2,km (1,mi) from the South Pole to Novo Station was completed in a record 8 days and 17 hours.
Despite being discontinued in Japan prior to , the Hilux had been popularly grey-imported throughout private importers. This fact, along with the existing Hilux users' requests, encouraged Toyota to revive the Hilux in Japan after it had been discontinued 13 years earlier.
Two Hilux pickups entered the Dakar Rally in , prepared by the Imperial Toyota team of South Africa. Driver Giniel de Villiers achieved third place in the , second place overall in the , 4th in the , and again second place in the These however, were heavily modified non-production versions built around a custom racing-only tubular chassis and using a larger capacity Toyota V8 engine. Since , the Dakar Rally Hilux has been prepared by Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT. Giniel achieved third place with it in , 5th in , 3rd in and 9th in Nasser Al-Attiyah came in second in , and won the Dakar Rally, earning the first ever Toyota victory in the Dakar Rally. In the Dakar Rally, six Hilux cars were entered prepared by Gazoo Racing, and another nine by Overdrive Racing.
Use by militant groups
Due to its durability and reliability, the Toyota Hilux, along with the larger Toyota Land Cruiser, has become popular among militant groups in war-torn regions as a technical. According to terrorism analyst Andrew Exum, the Hilux is "the vehicular equivalent of the AK It's ubiquitous to insurgent warfare." U.S. counter-terror officials have inquired with Toyota how the Salafi jihadistextremist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has apparently acquired large numbers of Toyota Hiluxes and Land Cruisers. Mark Wallace, the CEO of the Counter Extremism Project said, "Regrettably, the Toyota Land Cruiser and Hilux have effectively become almost part of the ISIS brand."
The s Toyota War between Libya and Chad was so named because of the heavy, successful use of Hilux trucks for technicals.
Notes and references
- ^ [Briska] (in Japanese). 日野自動車・車図鑑 [Hino Motors, Image Gallery]. 29 November Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 22 May
- ^Hasham, Nicole (10 April ). "Toyota scuppers claim Labor's electric vehicle policy would leave HiLux drivers stranded". The Canberra Times. Archived from the original on 10 April Retrieved 10 April
- ^ abcd"1st to 4th generation Hilux Chief Engineers | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website" (Press release). Toyota. 21 May Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 28 January
- ^ abcd"Toyota Announces Full Model Change in Hi-Lux Small Pick-up Truck Series" (Press release). Toyota. 1 September Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 28 January
- ^ abcdefghij"Toyota Vehicle Identification Manual". Toyota Motor Sale Co., Ltd. – Export Parts Department.
- ^Toyota Commercial Cars (Catalog), Toyota, , p.7
- ^ abRuiz, Marco (). 'The Complete History of the Japanese Car: to the Present. Rome: ERVIN srl. p. ISBN.
- ^ ab [Lovable car manufacture. Toyota dares to defy tomorrow.] (catalog) (in Japanese), Toyota Motor Co., , pp.5–6
- ^Wright, Cedric, ed. (September ). "Toyota Hi-Lux Automatic". CAR. Vol.22 no. South Africa: Ramsay, Son & Parker (Pty) ltd. pp.76–
Toyota Pickup / Hilux - 1st Gen ( to )
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Evolution from 1st gen to 8th gen
The seventh-generation Hilux was launched in August as a new pickup truck for sale into more than countries worldwide. Inheriting its rugged styling from the sixth-generation model, it offered 21st century customers the high levels of durability and comfort they were looking for, with lots of interior space, improved comfort, and both the ride comfort of a passenger vehicle and the convenience of an SUV.
As part of the Innovative International Multi-purpose Vehicle (IMV) project, Toyota developed five new models on a single platform―three pickup truck models (Hilux), one minivan model (Innova), and one sports utility vehicle model (Fortuner).
To provide its customers around the world with more appealing products at a more affordable price, and released at the same time, it also developed optimal production and supply systems on a global scale.
This seventh-generation Hilux was the first to not be produced in Japan, with most of the vehicles being produced in Thailand, South Africa and Argentine for delivery to counties in their own regions, and with some production in Malaysia, Pakistan and Venezuela.
Gen toyota hilux 1st
.First generation 1st Toyota Hilux 4x4
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